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Unpacking the geography of tourism innovation in Western Cape Province, South Africa

References Ahmad, J.A., Abdurahman, A.Z.A, Ali, J.K., Khedif, L.Y.B. and Bohari, Z., 2014: Social entrepreneurship in ecotourism: an opportunity for fishing village of Sebuyau, Sarawak Borneo. In: Tourism, Leisure and Global Change, Vol. 1, pp. 1-39. Alonso, A.D., 2011: Opportunities and challenges in the development of micro-brewing and beer tourism: a preliminary study from Alabama. In: Tourism Planning and Development, Vol. 8 (4), pp. 415-431. Antonelli, C., 2009: The economics of innovation: from the

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Innovation and Regional Socio-Economic Development - Evidence from the Finnish Local Administrative Units (1)

References Acs, Z. and Varga, A. 2002: Geography, endogenous growth and innovation. In: International Regional Science Review , 25, pp. 132-148. DOI: 10.1177/016001702762039484 Acs, Z., Anselin, L. and Varga, A. 2002: Patents and innovation counts as measures of regional production of new knowledge. In: Research Policy , 31, pp. 1069-1085. DOI: 10.1016/S0048-7333 (01)00184-6 Ahuja, G. and Katila, R. 2001: Technological acquisition and the innovation performance of acquiring

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Bojkovice: Transformation of a peripheral micro-region at the Czech-Slovak border

Abstract

The paper analyses the problem of a rural region in the peripheral position. Bojkovice micro-region on the Czech (Moravian)-Slovak border has been chosen as a case study. Economic transformation of productive and non-productive branches, demographic development (depopulation and aging) and networking in the area were characterized by using statistical data and field research. Development, understood as improvement in quality of life and not in sense of quantitative growth, is highlighted with regard to the changing perception of the countryside. The question remains: how to use peripherality for prosperity? Peripheral countryside is known as “the right countryside” in comparison to suburbanized and globalized countryside in core regions. Based on the research, production embedded in local sources and traditions, ecological agriculture using the protection of landscape and soft tourism are proposed as solutions. Networking like the association of municipalities, LEADER local action group or White Carpathian Euroregion could be the instruments of micro-regional collaboration. The human and social factors seem to be more important than objective conditions. Long-term population stability is the main advantage. However, a lower level of formal education could be a problem. The character of social capital is considered as a decisive circumstance - whether it is passive social capital resistant to outer innovations or active social capital open for now ideas.

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Creative Clusters in Visegrad Countries: Factors Conditioning Cluster Establishment and Development

’s Stage of Development - Good Practice Examples as an Inspiration for the Czech Cluster Policy Advancement. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Scientific Conference Finance and the Performance of Firms in Science, Education, and Practice, Zlin, pp. 96-112. Bialic-Davendra, M., Pavelková, D. and Vejmělková, E., 2014: The Clusters Phenomenon in the Selected Central European Countries. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. Bilton, Ch. and Cummings, S., 2010: Creative Strategy: Reconnecting Business and Innovation. New

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Post-industrial university towns and the triple helix concept: case studies of Bristol, Sheffield, Novosibirsk and Tomsk

References Agency for formation of innovative projects in Novosibirsk region. (2017). Available at: http://aris-nso.ru/press-center/news/regionalnyy_centr_normativno-tehnicheskoy_podderzh.html , DoA: 12.01.2018. Bell, D. (1973). The coming of post-industrial society: A venture of social forecasting. Basic Books, 507. Booyens, I. (2011). Are small, medium- and micro-sized enterprises engines of innovation? The reality in South Africa. Science and Public Policy , 38(1), 67-78. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1093/scipol/38.1.67 . Bristol is

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Technological Environment as a Factor of Development for Enterprises Providing Accommodation Services

. Kećkeś, A., Tomićić, I. (2017). Augmented reality in tourism-research and applications overview, Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems , 15 (2), 157-167. https://doi.org/10.7906/indecs.15.2.5 6. Konovalova, T., Jatuliavićiene, G. (2015). Innovation Development Perspectives in a Hotel Industry by example of Radisson Hotel Chain in Ukraine, Regional Formation and Development Studies , 1 (15), 73-85. http://dx.doi.org/10.15181/rfds.v15il.981 7. Kotler, P., Armstrong, G.A. (1989). Principles of Marketing, London: Prentice-Hall. 8. Mruk

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Cultural Clusters as a Local Economic Development Strategy in Rural Small-Town Areas: Sarah Baartman District in South Africa

References Bain, A. (2016). Suburban creativity and innovation. In: Shearmur, R., Carrincazeaux, C. and Doloreux, D. editors, Handbook on the Geographies of Innovation , Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 266-276. Balfour, B. Fortunato, M.W.P. Alter, T.R. (2018). The creative fire: An interactional framework for rural arts-based development. Journal of Rural Studies, 63, 229-239. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2016.11.002 Bell, D. Jayne, M. (2010). The creative countryside: Policy and practice in the UK rural cultural economy. Journal

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Foreign Trade of the Republic of Belarus in the International Business Environment

(43), 132-137. Dayneko, A.E. (2011). Geoekonomicheskie prioritety Respubliki Belarus (Geo-economic priorities of the Republic of Belarus – in Russian). Minsk: Belarus. navuka. Dayneko, A. and Beresnev, D. (2019). Vneshniaia torgovlia i razvitie ekonomiki Belarusi (Foreign trade and economic development of Belarus – in Russian). The Science and Innovations, 1, 4-12. DOI: https://doi.org/10.29235/1818-9857-2019-1-4-12 . Doing Business 2019. Training for reform. (2019). Available at: http

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Settlement Type and Educational Effectiveness of Polish Schools on the Example of the Kujawsko-Pomorskie Voivoideship

of innovation]. Toruń: UMK. Schulz, R. (1980). Procesy zmian i odnowy w oświacie [Processes of change and renewal in education]. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN. Steele, C., Aronson, J. (1994). Stereotype threat and the intellectual test performance of African American. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 69 (5): 797–811. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.69.5.797 Szymańska, D. (2007). Urbanizacja na świecie [Urbanisation in the World]. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN. Szymańska, D. ( 2013). Geografia osadnicza

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Municipal waste recycling in big cities in Poland in the context of ecologisation

: Environmental innovation in the utility industries. Earthscan. Zaman, A.U. Lehmann, S. (2013): The zero waste index: a performance measurement tool for waste management systems in a ‘zero waste city’. In: Journal of Cleaner Production , 50(1), 123-132. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2012.11.041 Zębek E. M. Raczkowski M. (2014). Prawne i techniczne aspekty gospodarowania odpadami komunalnymi (Legal and technical aspects of municipal waste management). IN: Przegląd Prawa Ochrony Środowiska , 3, 33-51. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/PPOS.2014.028

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