Budget transparency innovations bring new extent and forms of transparency. The aim of the article is to explore the diffusion of budget explorers, that is, a budget transparency innovation extremely popular in the Czech Republic, and to evaluate their impact on voluntary budget information disclosed.
Careful mapping of the diffusion using a survey of budget explores in 72 former Czech district towns and media analysis shows that the key success factor was its convenience for politicians, as it is attractive, easy to implement and up-to-date demonstration of their transparency. Budget explorers are nowadays a standard extension to accounting software, and their usage is evaluated in several government transparency competitions.
The major benefit of the budget explorers is that they made for the first time publicly available detailed public financial information, changed the standard of best practice and drew some public attention. At the same time, they, unfortunately, narrowed the scope of the budget transparency debate by omitting the importance of the draft budget and introduction of performance measurement.
. Urban innovation, competition and democratic reform (pp. 163–76). Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave.
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The perceived deficiencies in Ireland’s local government system have frequently been diagnosed, resulting in reports, White and Green Papers and action plans. This article reviews the main reform trajectories, paying particular attention to developments since 1971 and demonstrating that the reforms which did occur were affected by national and international developments. The form, functioning and financing of local government were recurrent themes in the reform documents, and these aspects are specifically examined. Political, administrative and decision-making structures are found to have been altered; the scope of existing functional programmes and the modes of implementation have changed noticeably; and, although the issue of local funding sources has been tackled, the centre’s financial hegemony has not been eliminated. Despite the insights of the reform documents, there is little evidence of a clear and consistent philosophy underpinning reform, so the cumulative changes represent a unique blend of innovation, incrementalism and entrenchment.
), samskabelse (co-production) and samarbejdsdrevet innovation (collaborative innovation). As demonstrated by the example cited earlier, Sammenhængsreform (cohesive government reform) has been in vogue. Similar Norwegian terms are samstyring, nettverksstyring, samordning, samvirke, samhandling and samarbeid – with perhaps the difference of Danish having another term for co-production ( samskabelse ) whereas Norwegian has samordning as a word close to ‘coordination’.
In the countries above, the use of terms partly overlaps with similar terms in English (in the UK
Nestor Shpak, Nazar Podolchak, Veronika Karkovska and Wlodzimierz Sroka
, the Net Generation, the Internet Generation), as the main elements of heredity and generational change, play an important role in the reproduction of socio-structural and political components ( Howe and Strauss, 2007 ). Based on an analysis of scientific literature (e.g., Goessling, 2017 ; Ikrath, 2018 ; Khoshtaria, 2018 ; Kliestikova et al., 2019 ), it has been established that, having much greater innovation potential than other generations, representatives of Generation Z will promote the progressive development of society in the case of successful
in transition. Health System Review , 17 (17).
Van Spranger A.
Czech Republic. Health systems in transition
Health System Review
Bossert, T. (1998). Analyzing the decentralization of health systems in developing countries: decision space, innovation and performance, Social Science & Medicine , 47 (10), 1513–1527. 10.1016/S0277-9536(98)00234-2
Analyzing the decentralization of health systems in developing countries: decision space, innovation