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Symbiosis of Modernisation and National Identity in the Legacy of the “Baltars” (Baltic Art) Porcelain Painting Workshop, 1924–1930

Summary

This article is dedicated to the “Baltars” collective porcelain painting workshop (1924–1930), founded in Riga, Latvia by three modernist artists: painters Romans Suta (1896–1944) and Aleksandra Beļcova (1892–1981) and graphic artist Sigismunds Vidbergs (1890–1970).The “Baltars” phenomenon is significant because of the innovations that the artists brought to the landscape of Latvian porcelain manufacturing and its exhibition activities in the 1920s and the early 1930s, both local and in the Baltic Sea region—Lithuania, Estonia, and Sweden. The article investigates “Baltars” foundation and closure, artistic activities of the company, its attempts to enter the international art and trade scene, and its accomplishments. Special attention is paid to the amalgamation of modernisation, nationalism, and state-building manifested in their paintings on porcelain. Due to the present growing interest in porcelain art in Latvia, triggered by numerous exhibitions and publications, discourse on the “Baltars” phenomenon has become topical.

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10. Creativity and Innovation in Visual Arts through Form and Space Having Symbolic Value

Abstract

The numerous plastic approaches of form in the 20th century are characterized by creativity and innovation. Form, as expression of an artistic language, is the cause and effect for the cultural evolution of a particular spatial-temporal area. The invention of forms depending on the factors which will impose them in a particular socio-cultural context and location environment is not everything. The challenges of the act of creation are far more complex. For the art of the 20th century, the role of the type of expression in visual or gestural language proved much more convincing and meaningful as to the data or phenomena occurring in immediate reality. The personality of the artist, his cultural character, his media coverage and exterior influences of his inner world, his preceding experiences and receiver’s contacts in a specific area are the factors that influence the relation between the work of art and the audience against a particular spatial-temporal background. The psychological and sensory processes in works of plastic art are spatially configured in structures, which leads to self-confession. The artist filters the information and the elements of exterior reality through the vision of his imagination and power of expression specific to his inner self, and turns them into values through the involvement of his state of mind. Constantin Brâncuşi is the sculptor whose role was considered exponential as he revolutionized modern artistic vision by integrating and creating space-form relations through symbol. Throughout his complex work - the Group of Monumental Sculptures of Tg. Jiu, the artist renewed the language of the sculpture-specific means of expression, though archaic forms, by restoring traditional art. Archetypes often make reference to the initial and ideal form and they represent the primitive and native models composing it. Form attracts, polarizes and integrates the energy of the matter outside the human body, and art acquires a unifying function for the senses of our spirit. We identify the forms developed by the junction between fantastic forms, the figments of the imagination of artists who communicate deep human meanings. They invite us in a world of constructive forms and mysteries, truly innovative and elaborate creations, by underlying different directions in the compositional space with symbolic value.

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Bojkovice: Transformation of a peripheral micro-region at the Czech-Slovak border

Abstract

The paper analyses the problem of a rural region in the peripheral position. Bojkovice micro-region on the Czech (Moravian)-Slovak border has been chosen as a case study. Economic transformation of productive and non-productive branches, demographic development (depopulation and aging) and networking in the area were characterized by using statistical data and field research. Development, understood as improvement in quality of life and not in sense of quantitative growth, is highlighted with regard to the changing perception of the countryside. The question remains: how to use peripherality for prosperity? Peripheral countryside is known as “the right countryside” in comparison to suburbanized and globalized countryside in core regions. Based on the research, production embedded in local sources and traditions, ecological agriculture using the protection of landscape and soft tourism are proposed as solutions. Networking like the association of municipalities, LEADER local action group or White Carpathian Euroregion could be the instruments of micro-regional collaboration. The human and social factors seem to be more important than objective conditions. Long-term population stability is the main advantage. However, a lower level of formal education could be a problem. The character of social capital is considered as a decisive circumstance - whether it is passive social capital resistant to outer innovations or active social capital open for now ideas.

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Creative Clusters in Visegrad Countries: Factors Conditioning Cluster Establishment and Development

’s Stage of Development - Good Practice Examples as an Inspiration for the Czech Cluster Policy Advancement. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Scientific Conference Finance and the Performance of Firms in Science, Education, and Practice, Zlin, pp. 96-112. Bialic-Davendra, M., Pavelková, D. and Vejmělková, E., 2014: The Clusters Phenomenon in the Selected Central European Countries. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. Bilton, Ch. and Cummings, S., 2010: Creative Strategy: Reconnecting Business and Innovation. New

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Post-industrial university towns and the triple helix concept: case studies of Bristol, Sheffield, Novosibirsk and Tomsk

in the beginning of the 1990s by Etzkowitz (1993) , then developed by Etzkowitz and Leydesdorff (1995) . However, the neo-institutional perspective of the concept was further provided by numerous case studies that covered the role of universities in disseminating innovations not only in Europe ( Inzelt, 2004 ) or the US, but also in Africa ( Konde, 2004 ; Booyens, 2011 ) and Latin America ( Mello, Rocha, 2004 ; Etzkowitz, Mello and Almeida, 2005 ). Over the last decade, some studies on the opportunities for application of the Triple Helix model in Russia have

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Cultural Clusters as a Local Economic Development Strategy in Rural Small-Town Areas: Sarah Baartman District in South Africa

reverses the traditional theory in economic geography that people follow jobs, and instead suggests that the creative class is highly mobile and can be attracted to a place, as they prefer locations that are highly developed, have a wide range of amenities and are tolerant towards different types of lifestyle and personal orientation ( Florida, 2002 ; Sacco et al., 2014 ). Talent can thus be attracted to places, usually advanced post-industrial cities or ‘creative cities’ and, once there, these pools of talent will attract high-technology industries, promote innovation

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Foreign Trade of the Republic of Belarus in the International Business Environment

). Vneshniaia torgovlia i razvitie ekonomiki Belarusi (Foreign trade and economic development of Belarus – in Russian). The Science and Innovations, 1, 4-12. DOI: https://doi.org/10.29235/1818-9857-2019-1-4-12 Dayneko A. Beresnev D. 2019 Vneshniaia torgovlia i razvitie ekonomiki Belarusi (Foreign trade and economic development of Belarus – in Russian) The Science and Innovations 1 4 – 12 https://doi.org/10.29235/1818-9857-2019-1-4-12 Doing Business 2019. Training for reform. (2019). Available at: http

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Settlement Type and Educational Effectiveness of Polish Schools on the Example of the Kujawsko-Pomorskie Voivoideship

the social construction of the significance of village and city. The perception of the village, as Wójcik writes, is burdened with deeply rooted stereotypes (2011). The village is imagined as a backward environment, tied to patriarchal rules, unable to keep up with socio-economic modernisation, its inhabitants uneducated and lacking occupational aspirations ( Halfacree 2009 , cited in Wójcik 2011 ). The city, in contrast, is the centre of innovation, economic growth – a cultural, scientific, and tourist hub with a rich infrastructure ( Tobiasz-Lis, 2010 ). The

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The impact of economic crisis on regional disparities and the allocation of economic branches in Greek regions

1 Introduction The spatial impact of economic crisis has been one of the core issues for regional economic analysis in recent years, both in theory and in political practice. Several factors affect the magnitude of external upheaval in regions, such as the sectoral composition of the economy, the level of urbanisation, the skills of the workforce, the innovation rate and the institutional arrangements within regions ( Fingleton et al., 2012 ; Balland et al., 2015 ; Boschma, 2015 ; Brakman et al., 2015 ; Voulgaris et al., 2015 ). Especially in the case

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The application of new technologies in promoting a healthy lifestyle: selected examples

.02.2017 JCDecaux’s Inteligent Street Furniture (2016). Available at: http://www.jcdecaux.com/en/Innovation-Design/JCDecaux-s-Intelligent-Street-Furniture (12.04.2017). JCDecaux’s Inteligent Street Furniture 2016 Available at http://www.jcdecaux.com/en/Innovation-Design/JCDecaux-s-Intelligent-Street-Furniture 12.04.2017 Kamboj, A.K. Kriszna, S.G. (2016). Pokémon GO: An innovative smartphone gaming application with health benefits. Promary Care Diabetes 11(4), 397– 399. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2017.03.008 Kamboj A.K. Kriszna S.G. 2016

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