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Digital payments for a digital generation
Disruptive technology in book and local newspaper industries

Introduction In the Norwegian book and newspaper industries, which are the focus of this article, we explore how the distribution of local online news and online books has been disrupted and how Generation Z is engaged in unpaid and paid consumption. Based on Christensen’s (1997) criteria for disruptive innovation and Cunningham and colleagues (2010) notion of disruptive distribution, our research questions for this study are the following: 1) What characterizes Generation Z in paying for books’ and local newspapers’ online content? 2) How is disruptiveness

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Communication , Media Culture & Society and MedieKultur . Contact: ASTA BÄCK received a Master of Science degree in Media Technology from the Helsinki University of Technology in 1983. She currently works as Principal Scientist in the VTT Big Data Industrial Applications team. She has worked at VTT since 1983 in different positions, such as research scientist, team leader, and project manager. Her expertise and research interests include media innovation development, the utilization of social media to support innovation and marketing, and tools and

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Disrupting journalism from scratch
Outlining the figure of the entrepreneur–journalist in four French pure players

Introduction Despite the common idea that the internet is “killing” the media, the past decade has seen ongoing renewal in journalism, particularly online. In a 2012 article ( Christensen et al., 2012 ), David Skok, a journalist who was a Nieman Lab fellow, paired up with Harvard economist Clayton M. Christensen to encourage the media to “be the disruptor”. Together, they adapted Christensen’s original theory of disruptive innovation to the media, according to which businesses should regularly rethink their practice to match the evolving society and market

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user and that is re-usable” ( European Commission, 2019 ) has been recommended by the European Commission; in 2012 , the Commission recommended that “open access to scientific research results should apply to all research that receives public funds” ( European Commission, 2012 /417). The ambition of this recommendation is to strengthen societal engagement with research and to make knowledge and related innovation a backbone for future growth in a European context. In response to this, public financial support for scientific journals has changed; since 2018, the

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Media disruption and the public interest
How private media managers talk about responsibility to society in an era of turmoil

of commercial business. This has always included incidents and trends that have put the pursuit of profits above the public interest; still there is a strong history of attempts to balance the two. (Croteau & Hoynes, 2006: 33) A broad public purpose of private media was, at least until recently, “widely, if not universally, accepted” (Croteau & Hoynes, 2006: 32), involving notions such as diversity, innovation, substance and independence. The authors noted that serving the public interest is usually understood as “a vibrant media system that is open to various

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How streaming services make cinema more important
Lessons from Norway

terms of quality and other measures of importance to viewers, has outperformed the former home video market channels of choice. These are the trademarks of a disruptive technology ( Bower & Christensen, 1995 ), and companies like Netflix and Amazon have adapted the technology in their disruptive innovation ( Christensen et al., 2015 ) and grown into major global film outlets. As the way in which we consume films changes, feedback effects may also cause changes in the films that we choose to see and eventually the films being produced. These cultural effects of

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The delay economy of “continuity” and the emerging impatience culture of the digital era

above is probably very familiar to television viewers. A mix of linear and non-linear use of television is increasingly part of the patterns of everyday life, and the traditional method of distributing television content is being disrupted both from outside the traditional television companies, by transnational over-the-top competitors (OTTs) and social media, and from within the organizations themselves. Christensen’s definition of the concept disruptive innovations ( Christensen et al., 2015 ) stresses that disruption is first of all a process taking place over a

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Unboxing news automation
Exploring imagined affordances of automation in news journalism

“affordances suggest different actions than those for which the object is designed”, resulting in errors, possible misalignment of the actual uses and declining interest ( Gaver, 1991 : 5). Similarly, disregarding the social obscures the ambitions, powers and desires behind the technological systems, which, in the current media landscape, can have a profound effect on media producers and users. Funding This work has been co-funded by Business Finland (previously TEKES, the Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation), Svenska kulturfonden, the Media

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