Joanna Dolar-Szczasny, Anna Święch-Zubilewicz and Jerzy Mackiewicz
The understanding of retinal disease has evolved rapidly with a growing number of clinical evidence supplied by ultrawidefield retinal imaging.
Optos 200Tx ultra-widefield retinal imaging system uses a scanning laser ophthalmoscope, as well as an ellipsoid mirror. This creates a possibility of making a virtual focal point inside the eye and, in turn, enables the system to simultaneously make a single capture of the central retina and periphery. This system offers multimodal ultra-widefield imaging, including color photographs, fundus autofluorescence images, red-free images and fluorescein angiography (FA), allowing visualization of the retinal circulation. For color photographs, green and red lasers are used simultaneously to allow visualization of retinal substructures from the sensory retina and retinal pigment epithelium to the choroid.
In our clinic ultra-widefield fluorescein angiography has became an elegant diagnostic imaging modality that has improved our ability to diagnose and plan treatment strategies.
In the future widefield imaging will probably be coupled with OCT (optical coherence tomography) option to better evaluate retinal pathologies in the periphery.
Paulina Gil-Kulik, Alicja Niedojadło, Marcin Feldo, Jolanta Karwat, Lidia Kotuła, Piotr Chomik, Ilona Dudek, Małgorzata Filas, Agnieszka Wojcieszek, Tomasz Zubilewicz, Anna Bogucka-Kocka and Janusz Kocki
Development of Eastern Poland 2007-2013, Priority Axis I Modern Economy, Operations I.3 Innovation Promotion and Projects: The “Study grants for PhD II” co-financed by the European Social Fund of the State Budget and Budget Lublin under Human Capital Operational Programme Priority VIII Regional human resources, Measure 8.2 Transfer of knowledge, Measure 8.2.2 Regional Innovation Strategies and The “Expertise and Competence” - the development of the Medical University of Lublin “co-financed by the European Social Fund within the Human Capital Operational Programme 2007-2013
Jarosława Belowska, Mariusz Panczyk and Joanna Gotlib
Nurs Manag. 2013;21(1):5-16.
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Piotr Okoński, Patrycja Misztal-Okońska, Marek Okoński, Piotr Książek and Mariusz Goniewicz
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16. Morcuende JA. Congenital idiopathic clubfoot: prevention of late deformity and disability by conservative treatment with the Ponseti technique. Pediatr Ann. 2006;35(2):128-30, 132-6.
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Mikołaj Bielański, Susanna Saari, Anna Wilkońska, Telle Tuominen, Inma Mora, Daniel Binder, Deborah Kendale, Harprit Thacker, Agata Pluszyńska and Paweł Adamski
Challenges for the European SPA Management. Results of the ILIS Project
Introduction. The spa industry has been rapidly growing throughout Europe in recent years, which has led to an associated increase in educational demand in spa management. The aim of the study was to identify the most important needs for training and the most significant skills among the spa managers and their personnel throughout Europe. Moreover, it was to research the background of spas were the study had taken place. Material and methods. 30 managers took part in semi structured interviews that used a pre-prepared questionnaire. The answers were analysed with Wilcoxon signed rank test and also the mean values were compared. Results. The needs for training and importance of skills vary from country to country but common areas of interest are: sales, marketing, quality and innovation management, legal regulations, operational and social skills. The complex character of answers to questionnaire was a result of different spa business models and differing domestic spa markets as well as variety of legal environments. Conclusions. Spa tourism creates a significant income among the other tourism disciplines since that further research is needed. Demands for the spa education differed accordingly to a stage of each country spa business development. Spa managers tend to express higher training needs for their employees than for themselves.
Nikolay H. Kolev, Jitian A. Atanasov, Vladislav R. Dunev, Boyan A. Stoykov, Rumen P. Kotsev, Alexander Vanov, Fahd Al-Shargabi, Pencho T. Tonchev, Sergey D. Iliev and Toni I. Stoyanov
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Karol Gryko, Bogusław Słupczyński and Anna Kopiczko
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Krzysztof Sas-Nowosielski, Andrzej Hadzik, Joanna Górna and Małgorzata Grabara
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