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The use of the axiophyte species concept to describe the ecological network of the Birmingham and Black Country of the UK West Midlands

at the landscape scale in Leeds, UK. Landscape Ecology 23: 1231-1241. Peterken G.F. 1974. A method for assessing woodland flora for conservation using indicator species. Biological Conserv., 6,4: 239-45. Ratcliffe D.A. (ed.) 1977. A nature conservation review. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge. Rostański A. 1998. Anthropophytes and apophytes in colonization process on the post-industrial heaps in Upper Silesia region. Phytocoenosis, vol. 10 (N.S.) Suppl. Cartogr. Geobot., 9: 199-201. Roy D.B., Hill M.O., Rothery P. 1999. Effects of

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An assessment of urban habitat contamination with selected heavy metals within the city of Katowice using the common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale Web.) as a bioindicator

. Pasieczna A. 2003. Atlas zanieczyszczeń gleb miejskich w Polsce . Państ. Inst. Geol., Warszawa. Piervittori R., Maffei S. 2001. The importance of indicator species in the biomonitoring of atmospheric pollution. A case study in the city of Aosta, NW Italy. Cryptogamie Mycol ., 22(4): 297-310. Podbielkowski Z. 1992. Rośliny użytkowe . WSiP, Warszawa. Raport o stanie miasta 2005. Urząd Miasta Katowice, Katowice. Rozporządzenie Ministra Środowiska z dnia 9 września 2002 r. w sprawie standardów jakości gleby oraz standardów jakości ziemi. Dz. U. Nr

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Aeropalynological aspects in the detection of the quality of air in Bratislava

Abstract

This work is focused on mapping the aeropalynologic situation in the Bratislavan atmosphere. Volumetric pollen and pollen abortivity analyses were used for this purpose. The research comprised comparison of two pollen stations in this city between 2007 and 2011. Twice the number of pollen grains was measured at the U.V.Z. station compared to the D.B. station. Results showed that (1) the highest pollen totals for the period were recorded in the Urticaceae family, (2) April was the month with the highest pollen yield, and (3) species of the Urticaceae family had the longest pollen season of all studied taxa. The detected differences may have been due to various factors including; the very different habitats in the vicinity of the stations, slightly different climatic conditions, different evaluation methods and human factors. The ecogenotoxicity and mutagenicity of air at these selected city locations was evaluated and compared, and the effectiveness of our methods were verified by Betula pendula Roth . and Pinus sylvestris L . indicator species.

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Assessment of technogenic pollution of Kyiv (Ukraine) with spectral reflectal characteristics of Tilia cordata Mill. (Tiliaceae) leaves

References Andreeva A.V., Buznikov A.A., Timofeev A.A., Alekseeva-Popova N.V., Belyaeva A.I. 2006a. Evaluation of the ecological state of environment with a reflection spectruma of indicator species of vegetation. Actual Problems of Remote Sensing of the Earth from Space: physical bases, methods and technologies for monitoring of environment, potentially dangerous phenomena and objects . Coll. scientific articles, II, 3: 265-270 [in Russian]. Andreeva A.V., Buznikov A.A., Timofeev A.A., Scriabin S.V. 2006b. Spectral studies of anthropogenic impact on

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Assessment of Mountain Ecosystems Changes Under Anthropogenic Pressure in Latorica River Basin (Transcarpathian Region, Ukraine)

. & Stoyko S.M. (2000). The East Carpathian biosphere reserve (Poland, Slovakia, Ukraine). In A. Brey- meyer & P. Dabrowski (Eds.), Biosphere reserves on borders (pp 79-93). Warsaw: UNESCO. Didukh, Ya. P. (2011). Te ecological scales for the species of Ukrainian fora and their use in synphytoindication. Kiev: Phytosociocentre. Dufrene, M. & Legendre P. (1997). Species assemblages and indicator species: the need for a fexible asymmetrical ap- proach. Ecol. Monogr., 67, 345-366. DOI: 10.1890/0012-9615(1997)067[0345:SAAIST]2.0.CO;2. Emery S.M. & Gross K.L. (2006

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Bird communities and vegetation composition in natural and semi-natural forests of megalopolis: correlations and comparisons of diversity indices (Kyiv city, Ukraine)

ecological role . Kharkiv. Rabotnov, T.A. (1992). Phytocoenology . Moscow: University Moscow. Ramenskii, L. (1971). Problems and methods of studying vegetation cover . Leningrad: Nauka. Roberge, J.M. & Angelstam P. (2006). Indicator species among resident forest birds – a cross-regional evaluation in northern Europe. Biol. Conserv., 130(1), 134–147. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2005.12.008 Robles, H., Ciudad, C., Vera, R., Olea, P.P., Purroy, F.J. & Matthysen E. (2007). Sylvopastoral management and conservation of the middle spotted woodpecker at the

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