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Extraction and Evaluation of Phytochemicals from Banana Peels (Musa sapientum) and Banana Plants (Musa paradisiaca)

Abstract

Banana plants (Musa paradaisica) and banana peels (Musa sapientum) two of same genus Musa are grown in worldwide and consumed as ripe fruit or used for culinary purpose. All parts of the banana plants have medicinal applications. The aim of the present study was detection of phytochemicals from this two types of samples and find out some viable phytochemicals which might be used as food additives after commercial purification. These two types of samples banana plants and banana peels were collected from local area of sobhanbagh near Daffodil International University. Samples were washed and dried in room temperature and grinded in pestle. Then 25 gm of grinded samples were soaked in 75 ml of 70% methanol, ethanol, acetone and 0.9% NaCl solution for 72 hours. Then all the extracts of banana peels and banana plants were detected by standard protocol. Flavonoids, carbohydrates, reducing sugar, tannins, saponins, anthraquinones, steroids, glycosides, phytosterols, phenols, terpenoids, were detected from those extracts. Negative and positive result of presence of phytochemicals were detected by the observing of color change. Banana peels and banana plant extracts were showed maximum result in ethanolic extracts. The present study showed qualitative analysis of phytochemicals content existence in banana peels and banana plants extracts. The study also discussed the application of some phytochemicals in food industry.

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The role of vitamins in the diet of the elderly II. Water-soluble vitamins

: a critical review of the epidemiologic evidence. Annals of Internal Medicine , 131. (1999) 363–375. [7] A. R. Folsom, F. J. Nieto, P. G. McGovern, M. Y. Tsai, M. R. Malinow, J. H. Eckfeldt, D. L. Hess, C. E. Davis, Prospective study of coronary heart disease incidence in relation to fasting total homocysteine, related genetic polymorphisms, and B vitamins: The atherosclerosis risk in communities (ARIC) study. Circulation , 98. (1998) 204–210. [8] J. F. Gregory, Nutritional properties and significance of vitamin glycosides. Annual Review of Nutrition

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Phenolic Compounds and Antioxidant Capacity of Sweet Cherry Fruits from Vojvodina Province

.B. (2011): Phenolic glycosides of the Salicaceae and their role as anti-herbivore defenses. Phytochemistry , 72: 1497-1509. Caillet S., Côé J., Doyon G., Sylvain J.-F., Lccroix M. (2011): Antioxidant and antiradical properties of cranberry juice and extracts. Food Research International , 44: 1408-1413. Chaovanalikit A. & Wrolstad R.E. (2004): Anthocyanin and polyphenolic composition of fresh and processed cherries. Journal of Food Science , 69(1): 73-83. Cho Y.-S., Yeum K.-J., Chen C.-Y., Beretta G., Tang G., Krinsky N.I., Yoon S., Lee-Kim, Y

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Screening for Polyphenol Compounds and Antioxidant Capacity of Sweet Cherry Fruits Infected with Monilinia Laxa

., TORRES R, DE CAL A, LIÑÁN M, MELGAREJO P, DOMENICHINI P, BELLINI A, MANDRIN JF, OCHOA DE ERIBE X, USALL J: Biological control of postharvest brown rot (Monilinia spp.) of peaches by field applications of Epicoccum nigrum. Biol Control., 32: 305-310, 2005. MAHMOOD T, ANWAR F, BHATTI IA, IQBAL T: Effect of maturity on proximate composition, phenolics and antioxidant attributes of cherry fruit, Pak. J. Bot., 45(3): 909-914, 2013. MARKHAM, K.R.: Flavones, flavonols and their glycosides. Dey PM, Harborne JB, eds. Methods in Plant Biochemistry

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Variations in leaf total protein, phenolic and thiol contents amongst old varieties of mulberry from the Gorizia region

Fagus sylvatica under experimental free-air ozone exposure. Environ. Pollut. 2015;137:476-482. 9. Ipavec VM. Murve in kavalirji. Svilogojstvo na Goriškem. Inštitut za slovensko narodopisje, Ljubljana, 2008. 10. Kandylis K, Hadjigeorgiu I, Harizanis P. The nutritive value of mulberry leaves (Morus alba) as a feed supplement for sheep. Trop. Anim. Health Pro. 2008;41:17-24. 11. Katsube T, Imawaka N, Kawano Y, Yamazaki Y, Shiwaku K, Yamane Y. Antioxidant flavonol glycosides in mulberry (Morus alba L.) leaves isolated based

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