-intestinal nematodes of fallow deer (Dama dama L.) in Germany. Vet. Parasitol., 16: 173–176. DOI: 10.1016/0304-4017(84)90018-9 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0304-4017(84)90018-9
 Chroust, K. (2001): Parasitic diseases of deer. Myslivecké listy (Hunting Letters), Supplementum, 1. Ivan Straka, Újezd u Brna
 Chroust, K., Vitula, F. (2005): Anthelmintic efficacy of Cermix premix of the nematodes in game animals. Veterinářství, 55: 707–713
 Červený, J., Anděra, M., Koubek, P., Homolka, M., Toman, A
Marlena Lembicz, Paweł Olejniczak, Ziemowit Olszanowski, Karolina Górzyńska and Adrian Leuchtmann
Man-made habitats - hotspots of evolutionary game between grass, fungus and fly
The origin and effects of an evolutionary game between species from three different kingdoms (plants, fungi and animals) are presented. We provide scientific evidence that the interaction discovered in man-made habitats leads to an early stage of coevolution. The grass Puccinellia distans was observed to rapidly spread in new man-made habitats, while at the same time, it was colonised by the fungus Epichloë typhina. The invasion of infected grasses is accompanied by alterations in life histories of both species: P. distans developed features promoting long-distance spreading, whereas E. typhina changed its life cycle by forming sexual structures for the second time, later in the vegetative season. This enables the fungus to make use of the late shoots of the grass for sexual reproduction, even though it cannot be completed because the vector of spermatia necessary for fertilisation, female Botanophila flies, is not present at that time. This indicates that such uncoordinated evolutionary processes had taken place before interactions between organisms became so specialised that it is difficult to presume they were the result of natural selection. Moreover, these processes could have been initiated in man-made habitats that, in particular circumstances, can become coevolutionary hotspots.
Violeta Razmaitė, Artūras Šiukščius, Vidmantas Pileckas and Gintautas Juozas Švirmickas
. (2006). Game and venison - meat for the modern consumer. Meat Sci., 74: 197-208.
Hutchison C.L., Mulley R.C., Wiklund E., Flesh J.S. (2010). Consumer evaluation of venison sensory quality: Effects of sex, body condition score and carcase suspension method. Meat Sci., 86: 311-316.
Kang M.J., Shin M.S., Park J.N., Lee S.S. (2005). The effects of polyunsaturated: saturated fatty acids ratios and peroxidisability index values of dietary fats on serum lipid profiles and hepatic enzyme activities in rats. Brit. J. Nutr., 94: 526
The striped red mullet Mullus surmuletus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Perciformis: Mullidae) has a high commercial value and therewithal is a common demersal fish of the Mediterranean Sea, therefore studying the helminth parasites of this fish is required. Anisakids nematodes are common parasites of animals including human causing economic losses and different parasitic diseases. During the present study, the nematode Dujardinascaris spp. (Anisakidae) was described from the body cavity and small intestine of Mullus surmuletus in the Alexandria, Mediterranean Sea, Egypt as new host and new geographical record. Forty-five (37.5%) fish out of (120) were found infected by the parasite. The morphological features of the collected nematode were investigated by both light and scanning electron microscopy. The study revealed that the specimens were characterized from other species of the genus by the presence of two large lateral pouches attached to each cephalic lip, the different large-sized papillae on the cephalic region and on the dorsal surface of the nematode cuticle.
Domen D & Seland J 2016: How fast do amphibians disperse? Introductions, distribution and dispersal of the common frog (Rana temporaria) and the common toad (Bufo bufo) on a coastal island in Central Norway. Fauna Norvegica 36: 33-46. DOI: 10.5324/fn.v36i0.1965.
Emmet RE, Mikkola H, Mummery L & Westerhof G 1972: Prey found in Eagle Owl’s nest in central Sweden. British Birds 65: 482-483.
Hagen Y 1952: Hubroen Bubo bubo L.: 351-377. In Hagen Y: Rovfuglene og viltpleien [Birds of prey and game
.-11. 10. 2003). Štátna ochrana prírody SR, Centrum ochrany prírody a krajiny, Banská Bystrica, 192. [In Slovak with English abstract] SA
Obuch J 2005: Význam štúdia potravnej ekológie sovy obyčajnej ( Strix aluco ) pre poznanie diverzity lesných ekosystémov [Importance of the research on foraging ecology of the tawny owl ( Strix aluco ) for understanding the diversity of forest ecosystems]. Thesis project, 27 [Depon. In Department of Forest Protection and Game Management, Faculty of Forestry, Technical University in Zvolen] [In Slovak] QP
. in Department of forest protection and game management, Faculty of forestry, Technical University, Zvolen]. [In Slovak] QP
 Obuch J 2011 : Spatial and temporal diversity of the diet of the tawny owl (Strix aluco). Slovak Raptor Journal 5: 1-1 20. DOI: 1 0.2478/v1 02-62-01 2-0057-8. SA
 Obuch J & Khaleghizadeh A 2011 : Spatial variation in the diet of the barn owl Tyto alba in Iran. Podoces 6(2): 1 03-11 6. SA
 Pacenovský S & Chrašc P 2011 : Hniezdenie výrika lesného (Otus scops) v CHVÚ
Denisa Sedmáková, Mariana Kýpeťová, Milan Saniga, Ján Pittner, Jaroslav Vencurik, Stanislav Kucbel and Peter Jaloviar
Browsing and bark peeling by ungulates is known to affect biodiversity and may constitute the main driving factor of single tree population dynamics. In Slovakia, European yew (Taxus baccata L.) is a threatened species protected by law and present in many protected areas. In the study, we emphasize that protecting land and individual plants may not be sufficient for maintaining of yew populations, unless controlling over damage by deer game is also undertaken. Our results show that in beech forests of the Veľká Fatra Mts, browsing and bark peeling constitute the main negative factor affecting yew seedling-sapling ingrowth transition, and the mortality and vitality loss of adult yew trees. We argue that ungulates may have a larger effect on biodiversity conservation than currently realized.
The main goal of the current research includes studying the biological signal field (BSF) characteristics of the wolf (Canis lupus lupus Linnaeus, 1758) at different values of anthropogenic load on territories with conservation (Białowieża National park (Poland)) and hunting status of the species (Chornobyl Exclusion Zone (Ukraine)). The research in Białowieża Primeval Forest was conducted in two stages: study of the BSF characteristics of the wolf and finding correlation between data acquired from Ukraine (the first stage), and over-time study of intensity of the biological signal field (the second stage). In result of the first stage, there was no significant dependence on the characteristics of the territory and the differences between the behavior of wolves in the Białowieża Primeval Forest (conservation status of the species) and the Exclusion Zone (game status). During the second stage it was determined that provided variance of the intensity between territory groups was insufficient, the degree of significance to animals of area categories varied with the stages of the pack’s life. It was found that the main factors which govern the character of wolf activity are not the level of the anthropic load and hunting pressure, but periods of the life cycle and spatial structure of groups.