Alicja Niewiadowska, Tomasz Kiljanek, Stanisław Semeniuk and Jan Żmudzki
The occurrence and concentrations of organochlorine pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were determined in 141 adipose tissue samples of wild boars, roe deer, and red deer from different regions of the country, collected in 2010/2011. The determinations of HCH isomers (α-, β-, and γ-HCH), HCB, DDTs (p,p’-DDT, o,p’-DDT, p,p’-DDE, and p,p’-DDD), and PCBs (six indicator PCB congeners 28, 52, 101, 138, 153, and 180) were carried out using the capillary gas chromatography. The mean concentrations of DDTs expressed on the fat basis ranged from 0.241 mg/kg (wild boar) to 0.032 mg/kg (red deer), and for PCBs from 0.015 mg/kg (wild boar) to 0.010 mg/kg (roe deer). The mean contribution of p,p’-DDE to DDTs and PCB 153, PCB 138, and PCB 180 to PCBs exceeded 80% and 90% respectively, in all game animal samples studied. Higher contents of chlorinated hydrocarbons were detected in game animals originating from industrial regions.
Ewa Cisak, Angelina Wójcik-Fatla, Jacek Sroka, Violetta Zając, Ewa Bilska-Zając, Ewa Chmurzyńska and Jacek Dutkiewicz
., Juricová Z., Svobodová S., Halouzka J.: A serologic survey for some bacterial and viral zoonoses in game animals in the Czech Republic. J Wildl Dis 1993, 29 , 604-607.
9. Juceviciene A., Zygutiene M., Leinikki P., Brummer- Korvenkontio H., Salminen M., Han X., Vapalahti O.: Tick-borne encephalitis virus infections in Lithuanian domestic animals and ticks. Scand J Infect Dis 2005, 37 , 742-746.
10. Kańtoch M.: Tick-borne encephalitis - etiopathogenesis and implications for public health in Poland. Postępy Hig Med Dosw 1998, 52 , 3
Alper Aslan, Yasar Salcı, Bilal Bicer, Nazan Savas and Nizami Duran
1;46(Suppl 1):i29-36. DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2012-091141
11. Carranza-García LE, George K, Serrano-Ostáriz E, Casado-Arroyo R, Caballero-Navarro AL, Legaz-Arrese A. Cardiac biomarker response to intermittent exercise bouts. Int J Sports Med. 2011 May;32(05):327-31. DOI: 10.1055/s-0030-1263138
12. Rahnama N, Faramarzi M, Gaeini AA. Effects of intermittent exercise on cardiac troponin I and creatine kinase-MB. Int J Prev Med. 2011 Jan;2(1):20-3.
13. Hosseini SM, Azizi M, Samadi A, Talebi N, Gatterer H, Burtscher M. Impact of a soccer game on cardiac
Cryptosporidium infections has been reported in several avian species including chickens, pigeons and game birds where these infections had been identified to cause either enteric or respiratory diseases. However, little data exists on the molecular characterization of Cryptosporidium species in ducks, especially those in frequent contact with humans. The aim of this study was to detect the Cryptosporidium species infecting domestic ducks in two major live bird markets. A total of 109 fresh faecal samples were collected from all the ducks available on sale in the two markets. The detection of Cryptosporidium species was conducted by microscopy. All positive samples were confirmed by the nested PCR amplification and the nucleotide sequencing of the 18S rRNA genes. The results demonstrated that the prevalence of Cryptosporidium infection in ducks using microscopy was 11.0 % (12/109). There was a higher prevalence 14.0 % (7/50) in ducks from Ibadan compared with those 8.5 % (5/59) obtained from Oyo town. All positive samples by microscopy were also positive using the nested PCR and the DNA sequencing of the secondary PCR products from the 18S rRNA genes which revealed the presence of Cryptosporidium parvum. This study revealed that natural infections of C. parvum may occur in ducks in close contact with humans and other domestic animals and therefore suggests that cryptosporidiosis in ducks may be of public health importance.
Marian Flis, Eugeniusz R. Grela and Dariusz Gugała
8. Flis M.: Wild boar population management vs. damage conditions in economical and social grasps. Ann Warsaw Univ Life Sci – SGGW 2011, 50, 43–50.
9. Flis M.: The problem of game damage in terms of land ownership, hunting rights, and environmental determinants. Przegl Hod 2016, 2, 28–29.
10. Flis M.: Game as a food source – legal and economic aspects of its introduction to the market. Przegl Hod 2016, 6, 29–31.
11. Gawor J.: Trichinellosis in wild boars and wild carnivores as growing threat for human infection in Poland. Życie
The research aimed at evaluating the epizootic and epidemiological situation of trichinosis during the last 8 years in Lublin province on a background of progressing increase in wild boar population within the region and in the whole country. Data for the study were taken from the report on the results of the official examination of slaughter animals and meat, poultry, game, lagomorphs and aquaculture animals and six reports on the number of trichinosis cases found at wild boars and domestic swine. In order to evaluate the trichinosis epidemiological situation within the region, reports of the National Institute of Public Health-National Institute of Hygiene on the number of identified trichinosis cases in people, as well as the number of hospitalised patients were presented. In addition, information on the population and hunting achievement of wild boars in hunting circuits of Lublin province during the last 8 years was enclosed. The number of identified trichinosis cases in meat of wild boars from Lublin region increased 9 times, while the percentage of trichinosis occurrence in reference to the number of examined carcasses almost 3-fold. At the same period, the number of porcine carcasses, in which trichinosis was found, decreased by over 4 times. Over double increase in wild boar population on the studied area was observed during the evaluation. Dynamic increase in the population size - in an aspect of the species population interaction with the living habitat, and in the form of the increase in the number of damages of crops and cultivation fields - contributed to intensified hunting pressure towards the species expressed as almost 3-fold increase of wild boar hunting. Analysis of epizootic and epidemiological situation of Poland indicates that wild boar meat was the principal source of trichinosis during the studied period. Considering Lublin province, the number of identified trichinosis cases is still high as compared to eastern and central provinces. Meanwhile, when compared to western and northern Poland, the level of trichinosis invasion can be considered as low. Furthermore, the trichinosis morbidity among people, that does not exceed 0.18/100 thousand inhabitants, can be regarded as low. Nevertheless, the fact of underestimating the necessity of both wild boar’s and swine’s meat examination seems to be alarming
samples from the eastern part of the Main Ridge of the Flysch Carpathians. J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. , 299, 1313—1320.
10. Latini, T., 2011: Occurrence of radioactivity in wild boars (In Czech). Maso (Meat), 5, 24—26.
11. Nimis, P. L., 1996: Radiocesium in plants of forest ecosystems. Studia Geobotanica , 15, 3—49.
12. Obzina, J., 2002: Radiocaesium Findings in Meat of Game Shot in the Period of 1992—2002 in the Districts Šumperk and Jeseník (In Czech). Attestation thesis. Veterinary and Pharmaceutical University in Brno, 35 pp.
Andrada Elena Urda-Cîmpean, Sorana Daniela Bolboacă, Andrei Achimaş-Cadariu and Tudor Cătălin Drugan
. Learning to play the game: Student publishing as an indicator of future scholarly success. Technol Forecast Soc Change. 2014;81:56-66. DOI: 10.1016/j.techfore.2012.09.008.
7. McGrail M, Rickard C, Jones R. Publish or perish: a systematic review of interventions to increase academic publication rates. High Educ Res Dev. 2006;25(1):19-35. DOI: 10.1080/07294360500453053.
8. Dragoş C, Dragoş S. O evaluarestatistica a pozitieiRomaniei in Europa privindpublicarea in reviste ISI. Rev Polit Stiint Sci. 2007;3:130-3.
9. Gu J, Lin Y
Dominika Guzek, Dominika Głąbska, Paweł Plewa, Karolina Kozań, Jacek Pietras, Rafał Plewa, Ewelina Pogorzelska, Grzegorz Pogorzelski, Jędrzej Trajer and Agnieszka Wierzbicka
4. Hoffmann L.C., Kritzinger B., Ferreira A.V.: The effects of region and gender on the fatty acid, amino acid, mineral, myoglobin and collagen contents of impala ( Aepyceros melampus ) meat. Meat Sci 2005, 69, 551-558.
5. Hoffmann L.C., Wiklund E.: Game and venison - meat for the modern consumer. Meat Sci 2006, 74 , 197-208.
6. Istrati D., Simion Ciuciu A.M., Ionescu A., Vizireanu C., Dinică R.: Influence of spice and wine based marinades on bovine Biceps femoris muscle tenderness. Afr J Biotechnol 2012, 79 , 14461
Jacek Sroka, Zygmunt Giżejewski, Angelina Wójcik-Fatla, Krzysztof Stojecki, Ewa Bilska-Zając, Jacek Dutkiewicz, Tomasz Cencek, Jacek Karamon, Violetta Zając, Paweł Kusyk, Joanna Dąbrowska and Maciej Kochanowski
://www.pzh.gov.pl/oldpage/epimeld/2014/INF_14_12A.pdf (access: 2014.12.21).
17. Paz e Silva F.M., Monobe M.M., Lopes R.S., Araujo J.P. Jr.: Molecular characterization of Giardia duodenalis in dogs from Brazil. Parasitol Res 2011, 110, 325-334.
18. Paziewska A., Bednarska M., Niewęgłowski H., Karbowiak G., Bajer A.: Distribution of Cryptosporidium and Giardia spp. in selected species of protected and game mammals from North- Eastern Poland. Ann Agric Environ Med 2007, 14, 265-270.
19. Santin M., Trout J.M., Xiao L., Zhou L., Greiner E., Fayer R