Vita Līcīte, Elmīra Boikova, Uldis Botva, Dace Grauda and Linda Buholce
Aberle, N., Lengfellner, E. K., Sommer, E. U. (2007). Spring bloom succession, grazing impact and herbivore selectivity of ciliate communities in response to winter warming. Oecologia, 150, 668-681.
Anonymous (1992). Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. 18th ed. APHA, AWWA, WPCEF. Washington, DC. 952 pp.
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Azam, F. T., Fenchel, J. G., Field, J. S., Gray, L. A., Thingstad, F. (1983
Dace Grauda, Lada Bumbure, Inga Lyashenko, Alexei Katashev, Yuri Dekhtyar and Isaak Rashal
oxidative stress in sand-grown wheat. J. Nanoparticle Res., 14 (9), 1-15.
Djaković, T., Jovanoviã, Z. (2003). The role of cell wall peroxidase in the inhibition of leaf and fruit growth. Bulgarian J. Plant Phys., Special Issue, 264-272.
Dožel, J., Greilhuber, J., Suda, J. (2007). Flow cytometry with plants: An overview. In: Doležel, J., Greilhuber, J., Suda J. (eds.). Flow cytometry with plant cells. WILEY- VCH Verlag Gmb H&Co, KGaA, pp. 41-65.
Eenschooten, C., Guillaumie, F., Kontogeorgis, G. M., Stenby, E. H., Schwach
Dainis Ruņģis, Anna Korica, Agnese Gailīte, Ilze Pušpure and Ilze Veinberga
Common ash (Fraxinus excelsior L.) has a widespread distribution throughout Europe, and Latvia is almost at the north eastern edge of the distribution range. In Europe, ash is threatened by ash dieback, a disease caused by the introduced ascomycete Hymenoscyphus fraxineus. Chloroplast and nuclear DNA markers have been used to study the genetic diversity and population structure of ash both in a broader pan-European context as well as in more restricted regions. Some of the markers analysed in these previously published reports were also utilised in this study, enabling comparisons of the genetic parameters calculated from the nuclear SSR marker data and of the haplotypes identified with the chloroplast markers. Analysis of chloroplast markers revealed one dominant haplotype in Latvian stands, which corresponds to the haplotype previously found in Eastern Europe and Scandinavia. A second haplotype, corresponding to a previously reported central European haplotype was found in all individuals from the Ķemeri stand, indicating that this stand was naturally established from introduced germplasm, which was planted in a neighbouring park. The nuclear SSR markers revealed low levels of differentiation of Latvian F. excelsior stands, probably due efficient pollen flow between stands. The analysis of both chloroplast and nuclear DNA markers has revealed different aspects of the structure and provenance of Latvian F. excelsior populations.
Dace Grauda, Anton Kolodynski, Inta Belogrudova, Lada Bumbure and Isaak Rashal
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Eom, H.-J., Choi, J. (2011). SiO2 nanoparticles induced cytotoxity by oxidative stress in human bronchial epithelial cell, Beas-2b. Available at: http://dx.dol.org/10.5620/eht.2011.26.e201013.
Espinosa, J. M., Liberti, M., Lagroye, I., Veyret, B. (2006). Exposure to AC and DC magnetic fields induces changes in 5-HT1B receptor binding parameters in rat brain
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Lizuma, L., Kļaviņš, M., Briede, A., Rodinovs, V. (2007). Long-term changes of air temperature in
Andrejs Timuhins, Valērijs Rodinovs and Māris Kļaviņš
Amarasekera, K.N., Lee, R.L., Williams, E.R., Eltahir, E.E.B. (1997). ENSO and the natural variability in the flow of tropical rivers. J. Hydrol. , 200 , 24-39.
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Inga Januškevica, Baiba Rozentāle, Elvīra Hagina, Jeīena Eglīte, Tatjana Kolupajeva, Jeīena Storozenko, Ludmila Guseva and Aivars Lejnieks
Th1 to Th2 cytokine shift during the course of HIV-1 infection using cytoplasmic cytokine detection on single cell level by flow cytometry. AIDS, 11, 1111-1118.
Li, J. C. B., Au, K., Fang, J., Yim, H. C. H., Chow, K., Ho, P., Lau, A. S. Y. (2011). HIV-1 trans-activator protein dysregulates IFN-g signaling and contributes to the suppression of autophagy induction. AIDS, 25, 15-25.
Modjarrad, K., Vermund, S. H. (2010). Effect of treating co-infections on HIV-1 viral load: A systematic review. Lancet Infect. Dis., 10, 455
Immanuels Taivans, Gunta Strazda, Nora Porīte, Indulis Vanags, Juris Lejnieks, Romāns Lācis and Eva Strīķe
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Baile, E. M., Godden, D. J., Pare, P. D. (1988). Non
Nora Porīte, Eva Striķe, Mihails Bekers-Ančipolovskis, Larisa Semčenko, Inguna Krustiņa and Pēteris Stradiņš
Assessment of Tissue Perfusion During Cardiopulmonary Bypass
Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) remains essential for all valvular operations and the vast majority of coronary bypass surgeries. Inadequate CPB results in tissue underperfusion, activation of anaerobic metabolism and increased lactate production. The goal of the study was to determine the factors influencing oxygen delivery to and consumption in tissue. Fifty-six patients (41 male and 14 female patients of 27 to 84 years of age) scheduled to undergo cardiac surgery with CPB were enrolled in this prospective study. No operation-based selection was applied. The following data have been collected and analysed: demographics, preoperative cardiovascular profile. Arterial and venous blood gas tests, including blood glucose and lactate concentrations were obtained. We have assessed DO2 (mL/min/m2) and VO2 (mL/min/m2), venous oxygen content (CvO2) (mL/dL), arterial oxygen content (CaO2) (mL/dL) calculated according to standard equations based on haemoglobin concentration and saturation in arterial blood, cardiac output or pump flow. The main factors of organ dysoxia during CPB are the haemodilution degree and low peripheral oxygen delivery (DO2). Our study confirmed that hematocrit on pump and systemic flow rate determine the amount of oxygen delivery to the body, i.e. DO2 decrease is correlated with decrease of both hematocrit (Ht) and pump flow.
Elīna Ligere, Inguna Lubaua, Inga Lāce, Inta Bergmane, Vita Knauere, Valts Ozoliņš, Lauris Šmits, Normunds Sikora and Lācis Aris
Coarctation of the aorta (AoCo) accounts for 6–10% of congenital heart diseases in infants. We analysed echocardiographic findings of patients operated on for AoCo in the University Hospital for Children in Riga during the first year of life to evaluate the long-term findings. Fifty-nine children underwent surgical correction of AoCo at the age of 55 ± 61 days. The methods of surgical correction were anastomosis end-to-end (ETE) in 29% (n = 17), subclavian flap aortoplasty (SFA) in 64% (n = 38) and extended anastomosis end-to-end (EETE) in 7% (n = 4). Recoarctation developed in 15 patients (25%) with no difference between surgical techniques (P > 0.05). The recoarcation patients had left ventricle hypertrophy (left ventricle mass index (LVMi) 76 ± 19 g/m2.7) normalising after angioplasty (LVMi 42 ± 7 g/m2.7). Patients with recoarctation had a decreased pulsed wave (PW) Doppler systolic/diastolic ratio in abdominal aorta 2.3 ± 0.4 versus patientswithout recoarctation 5.3 ± 1.2 and the control group 6.3 ± 1.4 (P < 0.05). A high incidence of recoarctation exists in patients operated on for AoCo as small infants. Life-long surveillance is required to monitor and to intervene in a timely way. Supplementation of the echocardiographic protocol with an evaluation of PW Doppler flow pattern in abdominal aorta can provide additional information about the presence of obstruction.