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Blood flow through stenotic arteries is a subject of recent investigation from the past few decades. Development of stenosis in the arteries is one of the leading causes of circulatory disorder. In medical terms, "narrowing of anybody passage" is called stenosis. This growth is abnormal and unnatural in the thickness of arterial wall that produces at different positions in the cardiovascular system under particular conditions. It has been observed that stenosis is due to the close association of the conditions of flow in the blood vessels
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P. Lakshminarayana, K. Vajravelu, G. Sucharitha and S. Sreenadh
Peristaltic transport is a mechanism of a fluid flow produced by propagation of wave trains along the channel walls. This phenomenon has wide range of practical applications in physiology and biomedical engineering such as swallowing of foodstuff, blood movement in blood vessels, lymph drive in lymphatic vessels, urine transport through ureter, chyme movement in intestinal tract, ovum transport, bile flow in bile duct, etc. Initially Latham [ 1 ] and Shapiro et al. [ 2 ] investigated the mechanism of peristalsis. Later many investigators have
Recently, the study of flow with periodic variations has attracted much attention of researchers due to its various physiological and engineering applications. It helps to understand the characteristics of the blood flow through arteries. Oscillatory motion of a viscous liquid in a thin-walled elastic tube is investigated by Womersley (1955) . Further, Womersley (1957) studied the elastic tube theory of pulse transmission and oscillatory flow in mammalian arteries. Rubinow and Keller (1972) analyzed the flow of a viscous fluid in an
The study of MHD boundary layer incompressible viscous fluid flow has many important applications in engineering and science, viz. power generator, the cooling reactors, design of heat exchangers and MHD accelerator. Na [ 1 ] discussed the hydrodynamic problem of Hiemenz flow and illustrates the solution of boundary value problem using finite difference method. The stagnation-point flows of electrically conducting fluids in the presence of large transverse magnetic field strengths have been discussed by Ariel [ 2 ]. The study of MHD flow in
Kuppalapalle Vajravelu, Ronald Li, Mangalagama Dewasurendra, Joseph Benarroch, Nicholas Ossi, Ying Zhang, Michael Sammarco and K.V. Prasad
As we know, a moving flat plate in a fluid medium infuses a boundary layer. This kind of flow appears in several technological industries, such as extrusion process, wire and fiber coating, polymer processing, food-stuff processing, design of heat exchangers, and chemical processing equipment. The pioneering work of Sakiadis [ 1 , 2 ] on the laminar boundary layer over a rigid surface moving in its own plane is quite different from the flow past a stationary surface (known as the classical Blasius [ 3 ] flow). Tsou et al. [ 4 ] examined the