Maria Respondek-Liberska, Joanna Płużańska, Katarzyna Zych-Krekora, Ewa Czichos, Maciej Słodki and Jadwiga Moll
closure of fetal foramen ovale”. Birth Defects 23:433-442
14. Feit LR, JA Copel, CS Kleinman. 1991. “Foramen ovale size in the normal and abnormal human fetal heart: an indicator of transatrial flow physiology”. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 1:313-319
15. Phillipos EZ, MA Robertson, KD Still. 1994. “The echocardiographic assessment of the human fetal foramen ovale”. J Am Soc Echocardiogr 7:257-263
16. Kiserud T, S Rasmussen. 2001. “Ultrasound assessment of the fetal foramen ovale”. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 17:119-124. doi:10
Maria Respondek-Liberska, Łukasz Sokołowski, Maciej Słodki, Katarzyna Zych-Krekora, Iwona Strzelecka, Michał Krekora, Iwona Maroszyńska, Jadwiga Moll and Jacek Moll
Diagn Ther. 2002 Sep-Oct;17(5):298-301.
16. Kawazu Y, Inamura N, Shiono N, Kanagawa N, Narita J, Hamamichi Y, Kayatani F.’Post-LA space index’ as a potential novel marker for the prenatal diagnosis of isolated total anomalous pulmonary venous connection. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2014 Dec;44(6)
17. Volpe P, Campobasso G, De Robertis V, Di Paolo S, Caruso G, Stanziano A, Volpe N, Gentile M. Two- and four-dimensional echocardiography with B-flow imaging and spatiotemporal image correlation in prenatal diagnosis of isolated total anomalous pulmonary venous
components of Emblica officinalis extract by using an HPTLC-DPPH* method. J Sep Sci 2007, 30 (9): 1250-4
157. Zielinsky P, et al.: Maternal restriction of polyphenols and fetal ductal dynamics in normal pregnancy: an open clinical trial. Arq Bras Cardiol 2013, 101 (3): 217-225
158. Zielinsky P, et al.: Maternal consumption of polyphenol-rich foods in late pregnancy and fetal ductus arteriosus flow dynamics. J Perinatol 2010, 30 (1): 17-21
159. Zielinsky P, et al.: New insights on fetal ductal constriction: role of maternal
Joanna Płużańska, Jacek Więcek, Michał Krekora, Jolanta Kiełbasicz-Binikowska, Tomasz Talar, Maciej Słodki and Maria Respondek-Liberska
We present the case of aneurysm of the muscular intraventricular septum with accompanying cardiomegaly and abnormal venous flow patterns requiring emergency cesarean section and specialized neonatal treatment. At the age of 8 months our patient has no clinical symptoms with a 6 mm scar in intraventricular muscular septum..
Ewa Góra, Hanna Moczulska, Ewelina Litwińska, Maciej Słodki and Maria Respondek-Liberska
In prenatal cardiology center 3 cases of anomalous pulmonary venous return with pulmonary venous stenosis were diagnosed on the basis of continues Doppler blood flow (V max >100 cm/sec). In each of 3 cases left heart defect was diagnosed at 29th, 35th and 36th week of gestation. In each case newborn died on the 1st or 2nd day of life before qualification to cardiac surgery. At present, anomalous pulmonary venous return with pulmonary venous stenosis and complex heart defect in fetus seems to be lethal cardiac defect.
Attempts to adapt the classifications of pediatric congenital heart defects (CHD) to prenatal cardiology have been lasting for many years. The paediatric cardiology CHD classifications are mainly based on anatomic details and/or pulmonary blood flow and are not always useful in fetal medicine. Because of these reasons and also many more, adaptation attempts of congenital heart defects of children, from pediatric to prenatal cardiology have not brought desired effects.Clinical course in utero and at delivery can now be predicted, and as a consequence, fetal medicine specialists are being asked to consider the fetus as a patient and the transition to postnatal life is an important part of care. The new prenatal classifications of CHD shows new particular group of CHD, requiring emergent procedure after birth. Thanks to organizing special delivery room with special team of specialist we can much more improve the outcome, especially in severest CHD.