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Continuous or discontinuous? Empirical study on animated maps

choropleth maps. “Cartographica” Vol. 44, Issue 3, pp. 201-215. Harrower M., 2003, Tips for designing effective animated maps. “Cartographic Perspectives” No. 44, pp. 63-65. Harrower M., 2007, The cognitive limits of animated maps. “Cartographica” Vol. 42, Issue 4, pp. 349-357. Johnson H., Nelson E.S., 1998, Using flow maps to visualize time-series data: Comparing the effectiveness of a paper map series, a computer map series, and animation. “Cartographic Perspectives” No. 30, pp. 47-64. Köbben B., Yaman M

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The problem of the availability of nautical charts and publications on the Northern Sea Route

niedostatecznego zabezpieczenia transportu morskiego . „Prace Wydziału Nawigacyjnego Akademii Morskiej w Gdyni” Nr 26, pp. 43–60. Peresypkin F., Yakovlev A., 2008, The Northern Sea Route’s role in the system of International Transport Corridors . Focus-North 2-2008, 6 pp. PRIMAR, 2011, Chart Catalogue . Version 4.5 Offline, Revision 10499, 03.05.2011. Ragner C.L., 2000, Northern Sea Route cargo flows and infrastructure – Present State and Future Potential . The Fridtjof Nansen Institute, Report 13/2000, 124 pp. UKHO, 2011, T he United Kingdom

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The Transport Revolution on Land and Sea: Farming, Fishing, and Railways in Great Britain, 1840-1914


The introduction and expansion of rapid rail transportation in Great Britain helped transform sea fishing and make fresh fish a new commodity of mass consumption. In agriculture the rail network greatly facilitated the shift from mixed cereal farming to dairy farming. To demonstrate the timing and extent of these changes in food production this article blends history and geography to create a spatial history of the subject. Using the computational tools of GIS and text mining, spatial history charts the expanding geography and size of the fresh fish industry and documents the growing concern among fishermen of over-fishing. In agricultural, huge flows of cheap wheat from the United states caused a crisis in British wheat farming, forcing many farmers to convert arable land to pasture for use in dairy farming. Given the growing demand for fresh milk in cities and increased availability of rapid rail transport in rural areas, dairy farming replaced wheat farming in outlying counties such as Wiltshire, the example examined here.

Open access