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Death, Innocence, and the Cyborg: Theorizing the Gynoid Double-Bind in Mamoru Oshii’s Ghost in the Shell II: Innocence

Abstract

In Donna Haraway’s “A Cyborg Manifesto” (1983), the author presents a discussion of the concept and praxis of the cyborg in emancipatory terms. Haraway presents the cyborg as a transgressive and latently mercurial figure that decouples and contravenes numerous exploitative ideological frameworks of repressive biopower that repress human being and reproduce the conditions of said repression. Using Mamoru Oshii’s Ghost in the Shell II: Innocence (2004) as a dialogic case study, this essay explores the manner in which the cyborg, particularly its figuration as female-gendered anthropic machine or gynoid in 20th- and 21st-century science fiction, simultaneously confirms and contradicts Haraway’s assessment of the concept of the cyborg. As to its methodology, this essay opens with a contextualizing excursus on the cyber-being in contemporary Western society and sociopolitics, with a view to offering a framework analysis of the figuration of the gynoid in Oshii’s Ghost in the Shell II: Innocence as a recent example of contemporary science fiction’s representation of the issues and debates inherent to the concept of the gynoid. Lastly, this essay performs a detailed close reading of Oshii’s text in relation to its exploration of themes of the conceptual emancipatory potential of the cyber-being and the paradoxically exploitative patriarchal power relations that re-inscribe said potential within what this essay refers to as ‘the gynoid double-bind.’

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The suffering of existence in Kazuo Ishiguro’s Never Let Me Go

. 2011. “Human Rights Storytelling and Trauma Narrative in Kazuo Ishiguro’s Never Let Me Go” In Journal of Human Rights , 10:1, 1-16 Sartre, J. P. 1946. Existentialism is Humanism . From a public lecture given in 1946. Translated by Philip Mairet. Available at: < http://www.mrsmoser.com/uploads/8/5/0/1/8501319/english_11_ib_-_no_exit__existentialism_is_a_humanism_-_sartre.pdf > Schopenhauer, A. 1891. On Suicide In Studies in Pessimism . Translated by T. B. Saunders. Adeliade: The University of Adelaide Library. eBook file. Available at: < https

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The Remediation of the Epic in Digital Games: The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim

Realities, Gaming, and the Player Experience . Detroit: Wayne State UP, 2015. Bukatman, Scott. Terminal Identities: The Virtual Subject in Postmodern Science Fiction . Durham: Duke UP, 1993. Bournham, Douglas, and George Papandreopoulos. “Existentialism.” The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy . Web. 15 Apr. 2018. Calleja, Gordon. “Revising Immersion: A Conceptual Model for the Analysis of Digital Game Involvement.” Situated Play: DiGRA Conference (2007): 83-90. Web. 15 Apr. 2018. Cantor, Paul. “The Politics of the Epic: Wordsworth, Byron, and

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Being “completely half afraid to think”: Confronting the Absurd in Flann O’Brien’s The Third Policeman

Abstract

In order to demonstrate an aspect in which the novel is relatable to the canon of absurdism and enrich the view of dimensions in which it functions, the purpose of the following article is a reading of Flann O’Brien’s The Third Policeman in relation to the Absurd as an ontological category of existentialism and absurdism. Firstly, some assumptions already made on account of the novel are introduced. Secondly, the relevant and chosen characteristics of the Absurd are summarized in relation to Kierkegaard’s and Camus’s conceptions of the Absurd. Then, the novel is interpreted in relation to the insufficiency of human knowledge and rational thought in terms of achieving comprehension transcending existence. Lastly, the novel is interpreted in relation to the narrator’s fear of death, with death as an element transcending existence and adding to its irrationality. Overall, the way in which the novel depicts a specific contraction resulting in the Absurd is illustrated.

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Scham. Phänomenologische Überlegungen zu einem sozialtheoretischen Begriff / Shame. Phenomenological Reflections on a Socio-Theoretical Concept

, Schuld und Notwendigkeit. Eine Wiederbelebung antiker Begriffe der Moral. Mit einem Vorwort des Autors zur deutschsprachigen Ausgabe. M. Hartmann (Übers.). Berlin: Akademie Verlag). Wurmser, L. (1990). Die Maske der Scham. Psychoanalyse von Schamaffekten und Schamkonflikten. Berlin: Springer. Zahavi, D. (2010). Shame and the exposed self. In J. Webber (Hrsg.). Reading Sartre: On Phenomenology and Existentialism (S. 211-226). London: Routledge

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