L'udovit Hüttner, L'udovit Jurčacko, Ferdinand Valent, Arnd Ehrhardt, Stefanie Schreiter and Michael Rock
Basic Problems and Solution of the Encapsulation of a Low-Voltage Spark Gap with Arc Splitter Chamber
The main disadvantage of horn spark gaps resulting from the blow-out of hot ionised gases in case of lightning impulse and follow currents is discussed for modern and compact DIN rail mounted arresters. The technical problems of fully encapsulated horn spark gaps are revealed. Based on technical specifications, basic calculations for the required arc voltages and the thermal loads were made in advance for dimensioning the arc splitter chamber and the arc area of the spark gap. A method to fully encapsulate such spark gaps is proposed and its efficiency is described based on experiments with different arrangements and loads.
Lidia Radu, Nastasia Saca, Claudiu Mazilu, Maria Gheorghe and Ionela Petre
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. Sugaya, A., Tanaka, K., Akutsu, S. (2011). Cement Based Encapsulation Experiments for Low
energy storage: Systems and Applications . John Wiley & Sons, Chichester.
Hawes, D. W. – Feldman, D. (1992) Absorption of phase change materials in concrete . In: Solar Energy Mater Solar Cells, pp. 91-101.
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Lane, G. A. (1976) Encapsulation of heat of fusion storage materials . In: Proceedings of 2nd Southeastern Conference on Application of Solar Energy, pp
I.V. Kolesnikov, V.V. Bardushkin and Ph.V. Myasnikov
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 O dintsov , A. V. Capsulation of Mineral Fertilizer Granules in Composite Shells, Thesis of Cand. Tech. Sciences 05.17.08. Ivanovo, 2010, 130 p. (in Russian).
 L opanov , A. N., K. V. T ikhomirova . Physical and Chemical Aspects of Encapsulation Engineering, Belgorod, Belgorod State Technical University Press, 2015, 294 p. (in Russian).
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 [ITU-R M.1371-3] ITU Recommendation M.1371-3: Technical characteristics for an automatic identification system using time division multiple access in the VHF maritime mobile band.
 [LLI] lloydslistintelligence.com, status of April 2012.
 [NMEA 0183] Standard for Interfacing Marine Electronic Devices, AIS VHF Data Link Message VDM Sentence Encapsulation.
 [SOLAS] Safety of Life at Sea Conventions (SOLAS), Chapter V, Regulation 19.
Çiğdem Akduman, Işık Özgüney and E. Perrin Akçakoca Kumbasar
Incorporation of cyclodextrins (CDs) into electrospun nanofibrous materials can be considered as potential candidates for functional medical textile applications. Naproxen (NAP) is a type of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug commonly administered for the treatment of pain, inflammation and fever. Drug-inclusion complex formation with CDs is an approach to improve the aqueous solubility via molecular encapsulation of the drug within the cavity of the more soluble CD molecule. In this study, NAP or different NAP-CD inclusion complexes loaded nanofibres were successfully produced through electrospinning and characterised. The inclusion complex loaded mats exhibited significantly faster release profiles than NAP-loaded thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) mats. Overall, NAP-inclusion complex loaded TPU electrospun nanofibres could be used as drug delivery systems for acute pain treatments since they possess a highly porous structure that can release the drug immediately.
In the field of process control engineering, network-based systems enable extensive, flexible and scalable applications in industrial automation and control. However, network-induced problems are influencing the stability and performance and they are introducing constraints in the system design and operation. While most of the existing design methodologies are searching for the specific solution within the domain of the control theory, we propose the comprehensive architectural approach that addresses wide range of the network-related issues and copes with them in the effective way. Presented solution combines several architectural styles encapsulating the actuating, sensing and control functionality into the unified service-oriented components, while the data transport is supported through event-triggered distributed middleware components. Given architectural approach decouples the design of process control functionality from the properties of the control network infrastructure. The effectiveness of the proposed solution is verified through the analysis of the system operation in the given case-study.
Omar Lengerke, Max Dutra, Felipe França and Magda Tavera
Automated Guided Vehicles (AGV): Searching a Path in the Flexible Manufacturing Systems
Manufacturing systems are undergoing a noticeable evolution due to an intense technological progress in industrial robotics. Serial production has evolved into the concept of Flexible Manufacturing Systems (FMS), which encapsulate processes in automatic equipment that are capable of executing different operations, that before be performed in several stages and diverse equipments. Automated Guided Vehicle (AGV) systems have been frequently used as material handling equipment in manufacturing systems since the last two decades. Particularly, AGV's with trailers are, and will continue to be, the backbone of the material transport industry. The use of these systems has taken the attention of experts and researchers. They are numerous studies concerning AGV with trailers systems in literature; few of them deal with the adaptation of these systems into FMS. In this paper, a study of the trajectories and a simulation model of a hypothetical system, which included a FMS environment, were developed. In addition, a potential field's method was explored in order to improve the ability of detecting obstacles in AGV's with trailers moving through stations.
Organization for Standardization, Geneva.
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KRATOCHVÍL, M.; KRATOCHVÍL, V. (2007).: Fire service equipment . 1 st . ed., Praha: MV-generální ředitelství Hasičského záchranného sboru ČR, 2007. 152 s. ISBN 978-80-86640-86-0. (in Czech).
McLELLAN, T.M.; DAANEN, H.A.M.; CHEUNG, S.S. (2013).: Encapsulated Environment. Comprehensive Physiology , 2013, vol. 3, p. 1363-1391. DOI: 10.1002/cphy.c130002.
MONTAIN, S.J.; SAWKA, M.N.; CADARETTE, B.S.; QUIGLEY, M.D.; McKAY
Bu-Geun Paik, Seong-Rak Cho, Beom-Jin Park, Dongkon Lee and Byung-Dueg Bae
. Jensen, J.J. andPetersen, E.S., 2006. Sea sense: real-time onboard decision support. Annual Report, Force Technology.
4. Paik, B.G. Cho, S.R. Park, B.J. Lee, D.K. Bae, B.D. and Yun, J.H., 2009. Characteristics of wireless sensor network for full-scale ship application. J. Marine Science & Technology, 14(1),pp. 115-126.
5. Hakem, N. andMisson, M., 2002.Study of the throughput of the wireless home automation network using the encapsulation of two medium-access methods.Proceedings of Communication Systems and Networks. 9-12 September 2002