for such intercity research, all encapsulated in the call for the study of agency:
To embrace innovation in the conceptual approach of studying inter-city relations by moving away from the firm and office/subsidiary as the main unit of analysis by considering the agency of the individual and the ways in which firms penetrate new markets through more flexible modes of ‘non-presence’ (e.g. strategic alliances/networks; franchises; business travel) rather than 100% wholly-owned subsidiaries and office complexes.
To accept the qualitative approach as a means of
dauerhaft an ihre Arbeitseinheit gebunden, von der sie am Ende in nahezu allen Lebensbereichen abhängig waren.
Die städtischen Arbeitseinheiten (D anweis)
Die Arbeitseinheit wurde damit die grundlegende gesellschaftliche Einheit in den Städten, deren interne zellulare Struktur auch heute noch räumlich zu fassen ist. Nahezu alle Arbeitseinheiten sind durch Mauern abgeschlossen; die Eingangstore werden kontrolliert. Lü/Perry formulierten: „Perhaps the most distinctive feature of the danwei is its encapsulation as a community and social cell. In some cases, the
socioeconomic processes that support major urban centres and facilitate the thickening and stretching of an urban fabric across territories. [...] Everyday life refers to the social routines, everyday practices and forms of life that emerge (a) as diverse places, territories and landscapes are operationalized in relation to agglomerations, and (b) as a broader urban fabric is thickened and stretched across territories and scales” ( Brenner/Schmid 2015 : 171).
This idea encapsulates the notion of post-suburban transformation extending to the municipalities that are wedged
commanding position and making use of the master's discourse. As a result, the 'master' subject-planner emerges and, due to their disregard for the production of knowledge (as long as it serves their purpose), bypasses research to directly encapsulate the exercise of planning in a standardising manner. Think, for example, of the principles emanated from the Congrés International d'Achitecture Moderne (CIAM) putting forward the idea that social problems could be, first, reverted and, in the long run, prevented by impinging a 'perfect' geometrical form upon societies. This