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The Economic Efficiency of the Romanian Higher Education at the End of the 1960s. A Demographical Perspective

Abstract:

With the development of demography and population studies in the second half of the 1960s in Romania, a special attention was given to the economic efficiency of the Romanian education system, as education was considered ‘the main factor of economic growth’. Several demographic and economic studies reveal a special concern for the developmental effectiveness of the higher education system. This article examines several key concepts (such as ‘intellectual capital’ as opposed to ‘physical capital’, or ‘education stocks’), used by Romanian demographers for the evaluation of the economic efficiency of the Romanian higher education system at the end of the 1960s.

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Efficiency and Social Impact of Public Policies and Third Sector Practices in Bulgaria

References Afonso, A. and Fernandes, S. (2005), ‘Local government spending efficiency: DEA evidence for the Lisbon Region’, Regional Studies , 40(1), 39-53. Athanassopoulos, A. and Triantis, K. (1998), ‘Assessing aggregate cost efficiency and related policy implications for Greek local municipalities’, Information Systems and Operational Research , 36(3), 66-83. Balaguer-Coll, M. Prior, J. and Vela-Bargues, J. (2002), Efficiency and quality in local government management. The case of Spanish local authorities , Universitat Autonoma de

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The Relationship between Higher Education and the Workforce in Romanian Socialist Industry Case-study of the ‘23 August’ Factory

Abstract:

This article presents the mechanisms used to integrate higher education graduates in socialist economic units. The case-study referring to the ‘23 August’ factory in Bucharest mainly relies on the files of Securitate, and those of the economic section of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party. It also outlines the practical difficulties faced by various groups of higher education graduates – engineers, economic staff, human sciences graduates – as well as their efficiency within the communist industrial framework. The study combines the description and analysis of numerical allocation, the responsibilities and the results of the activities carried out by higher education graduates.

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The Concept and Practice of Social Enterprise. Lessons from the Italian Experience

Abstract:

Social enterprises are increasingly regarded as successful mechanisms for reconciling equity and efficiency with the creation of economic and social value, and they can be interpreted as concrete expressions of a growing sense of social responsibility on the part of citizens. Research conducted in various geographical contexts corroborates that social enterprises are a structural trend, which cuts across countries with diverse characteristics. Following a historical contextualization of the social enterprise, the article focuses on a conceptual analysis. Next, attention is paid to the diffusion of social enterprises in the enlarged Europe, including countries where social enterprises have been acknowledged; countries where social enterprises are increasingly regarded as a unique way whereby unmet needs can be addressed; and countries where social enterprise-like initiatives happen to emerge despite the predominance of unfavourable conditions. Finally, attention is paid to social enterprises in Italy and specifically to the key factors explaining their success.

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The change of organizational structure of higher education institutions in Hungary: a contingency theory analysis

Abstract

The management of higher education institutions has changed considerably over the last few decades. Most analyses in Europe usually focus on how the autonomy of institutions evolved, how the governance structure developed, and what kind of management roles and techniques appeared. Less attention has been paid to the change of formal organizational structure which, according to the contingency theory, has a significant impact on the efficiency and effectiveness of organizations. There is even less research on these issues in Central and Eastern European higher education. In this paper, the evolution of the organizational structure of Hungarian institutions is analyzed from a contingency theory perspective. The relationship between environmental factors (such as size, complexity, and stability of environment) and organizational responses (e.g., centralization and decentralization) is examined.

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The Quest for the Spiritual Self: Anti-Capitalist and Neo-Liberal Forms of Spirituality in Contemporary Romania

Abstract

In line with socio-anthropological theories meant to deconstruct the secularization teleology (Berger, 1997; Luckmann, 1967; Shah, 2015), this paper aims to document recent transformations in the field of Spirituality and Religion. Inheriting the analytical dichotomy between neo-liberal and anti-capitalist forms of spirituality, introduced by Carette and King (2005), I aim to emphasize both the common points and the ruptures between the subjectification technologies used within transformative self-development and self-help programmes, on the one hand, and a form of alternative Neo-Pagan spirituality, which opposes the capitalist way of organizing social, economic, political and cultural life, on the other hand. The rupture between anti-capitalist and neo-liberal forms of spirituality rests on identifying the extent to which the spiritual domain is colonized by an economically mundane ideology, in which the subject is invited to look upon spirituality as an internal resource meant to satisfy all the tropes of the neo-liberal economic imagery: optimization, efficiency, amplified productivity, abundance and prosperity. In addition to the ethnographic justification of this theoretical construct that supports the existence of two opposed poles of constituting a spiritual self, I will adjoin the cultural relationship between spirituality and capitalism to the wider problem of secularization, by arguing that spirituality is a byproduct of late modernity and a leitmotif of the power technologies through which the neo-liberal subject is produced. 2

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Knowledge on Climate Change and Energy Saving Renovations by Apartment Owners in Bulgaria and Latvia. A Qualitative Study

(ed.) Energy Efficiency First: The Foundation of a Low-Carbon Society, pp. 67-78. ( www.eceee.org/conference_proceedings/eceee/ - consulted on 22 August 2011) Bartiaux, F., G. Vekemans, K. Gram-Hanssen, D. Maes, M. Cantaert, B. Spies and J. Desmedt (2006) Socio-Technical Factors Influencing Residential Energy Consumption. Brussels: Belgian Science Policy Office. ( www.belspo.be/belspo/home/publ/pub_ostc/CPen/rappCP52_en.pdf - consulted on 22 August 2011) Beck, U. (2010) ‘Climate for Change, or How to Create a Green Modernity?’ Theory, Culture

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Innovation Policy as a New Development Driver of the Regions in Slovakia: Does Activity of Regional Self-government Matter?

Workshop , March 19, 2009. Hollanders, H., and F. C. Esser (2007) Measuring innovation efficiency , http://proinno.tuxe.es/node/admin/uploaded_documents/eis_2007_Innovation_efficiency.pdf (31, January, 2014) Hollanders, H., A. Loschky and S. Tarantola (2009) Regional Innovation Scoreboard 2009. Brussel: PRO INNO Europe. Hollanders, H., L. Rivera Léon and L. Roman (2012) Regional Innovation Scoreboard 2012. Brussel: PRO INNO Europe. Hollanders, H. and A. Van Cruysen (2008) ‘Rethinking the European Innovation Scoreboard: A revised methodology

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Environmental Attitudes and Household Electricity Use among Budapest Residents

References Baird, J. C. and J. M. Brier (1981) ‘Perceptual awareness of energy awareness of of familiar objects’. Journal of Applied Social Psychology , 66 (1): 90-96. Becker, L. J., C. Seligman, R. H. Fazio and J. M. Darley (1981) ‘Relating attitudes to residential energy use’. Environment and Behavior , 13 (5): 590-609. Bihari, P. G. Gróf, and I. Gács (2010) ‘Efficiency and cost modelling of thermal power plants’. Thermal Science , 14 (3): 821-834. Blocker, T. J. and P. R. Koski (2007) ‘Household income, electricity use, and rate

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Steps on Life Change and Spiritual Transformation: The Project of the Self

. Sharma, R. (2013). Călugărul care și-a vândut Ferrari-ul [The Monk Who Sold His Ferrari]. București: Vidia. Szasz-Soares, L. (2014). De la grădinar la business coach. [From gardener to business coach]. Cluj-Napoca: Lorand Szasz-Soares. Tolle, E. (2009). Un nou pământ: Trezirea conștiinței umane [A New Earth: Awakening to Your Life’s Purposes] . București: Curtea Veche. Tolle, E. (2012). Puterea Prezentului [The Power of Now] . București: Curtea Veche. Zărnescu, D. (2014). Esenta Eficienței [The Essence of Efficiency] . București: Stepout

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