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A Theoretical Interpretation of Policy Evaluation in the Context of Lithuanian Public Sector Reform

A Theoretical Interpretation of Policy Evaluation in the Context of Lithuanian Public Sector Reform

Why do some policy evaluations have national and worldwide recognition? Those evaluations make an impact on states' modernization; they change the paradigms, values, stereotypes, programming transformation and reforms. Other evaluations do not have any significant influence and are likely put on the e-shelves of the governments and universities computers. Evaluation researches are defined as reformistic, which aim to develop an alternatives for the social improvement. One of the functions of evaluation is an improvement by assessing policy output and outcome. Most outcomes are jointly determined and controlled by plurality of the actors. Evaluation helps to change a policy agenda, policy formulation and implementation strategies. Modern scientific and technological achievements provide governments with real and noticeable military, economic, political, diplomatic power. Under such circumstances, a critical question emerge: is the influence of policy evaluations determined by the qualifications of the evaluators, the political-economic situation or the efforts of the international donors community to export values, knowledge, ideas which have either direct or indirect interest to the development efforts?

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Plea Bargaining as an Example of the Recent Changes in the Finnish Ciriminal Procedural Paradigm

-72. 6. Ervo, Laura. “Changing Civil Proceedings - Court Service or State Economy”: 51-71. In: Recent Trends in Economy and Efficiency of Civil Procedure. Vilnius University Press, 2013. 7. Ervo, Laura. “Scandinavian Trends in Civil Pre-Trial Proceedings.” Civil Justice Quarterly (October 2007): 466 - 483. 8. Ervo, Laura: “The Reform of Civil Procedure in Finland.” Civil Justice Quarterly (January 1995): 56-64. 9. Ervo, Laura. “Tie totuuteen”: 1-16. In: Juhlajulkaisu Pekka Viljanen 60 vuotta. Turun yliopisto, 2012

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"Legislative Inflation" - An analysis of the Phenomenon in Contemporary Legal Discourse

Historical-ideological Aspects). Gosudarstvo i Pravo (State and Law) 8 (1993): 52-58 [in Russian]. Uusitalo, Liisa. "Efficiency and Legitimation: Criteria for the Evaluation of Norms." Ratio Juris 2 (2) (1989): 194-201. Varlamova, Natalja Vladimirovna. "Pravovoi nigilism: prosloje, nastojascee… i budusceje Rosiji?" (Legal Nihilism: past, present… and future of Russian?). Konstitucionnoje pravo: vostocnoevropeiskoje obozrenije 1 (30) (2000): 90-93 [in Russian]. Vyhláška ze dne 11. července

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Administrative Processes as an Anti-Corruption Tool? A View from Public Employees in the Baltic States

Abstract

Many studies have documented the negative effect of corruption on development, economic growth, and democracy. Independent anti-corruption agencies are often recommended as the tool to curb corruption. However, their efficiency depends on the political will to allocate authority, powers, and resources. Moreover, setting up new institutions is always costly and accordingly problematic to low and middle income countries. The present study suggests that public administration processes in their own right are a tool to combat corruption. The article uses a survey with responses from 1706 public employees in Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. Using OLS regression, the study confirms others findings that strengthening meritocracy is an important factor in curbing corruption. It adds to this that enhancing monitoring is a factor just as effective against corruption as meritocracy. It adds attention to the reverse effect associated with hierarchical organizations, norms accepting rule bending, and network decisions. Finally, addressing salaries’ and performance payment’s impact on corruption the study finds no relation.

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Legal Impediments in the EU to New Technologies in the Example of E-Residency

Abstract

Estonia has created of itself the image of an e-state that is being supported with novel ICT-solutions, the perhaps most renowned of which is e-residency. However, created as a governmental start-up in the national best interest, e-residency could be of marginal relevance in light of global digital identity management. Purely national digital identity or an e-residency grants its holder several rights unknown to, or at least unapplied in a majority of the EU Member States and in the world more generally. But currently it lies on a vacillating legal pedestal which has resulted in copious administrative issues and proposed legal amendments already during its first year of implementation. Concerns, such as the administrative capacity of Estonia to handle potentially 10 million customers of national e-services, arise due to contingent legal footing. On this basis, efficiency of e-residency is critically analysed from the perspective of an autoschediastic regulatory framework presuming high-level administrative competence yet leaving the scope and limits of the functions of the public authorities legally unfurnished and isolated from the EU legal space.

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Civil Service and Civil Servants in Lithuania: Issues of Regulation and Status

Civil Service and Civil Servants in Lithuania: Issues of Regulation and Status

This paper analyses two issues: first, the possibilities for corrections of Lithuanian civil service legal regulation, deliberating on a more flexible regulation perspective. It discusses whether the narrowing of civil service legal regulation could become a potential way to increase the efficiency of public administration with respect to the Lithuanian legal system. It also evaluates the possibilities of discretionary power use in the civil service. Another issue is the possibility of Lithuanian civil servants and public sector employees' statuses change, emphasizing existing problems and alternative considerations that may lead to the correction of the concept of servant in the future. The need for special civil servant status and responsibilities are discussed, as well as the possibilities to extend, narrow or eliminate the corps of civil servants. The paper is based on the data from qualitative research carried out in 2011 in the form of semi-structured interviews with more than fifty of the highest level Lithuanian civil servants, politicians responsible for civil service, and other experts-practitioners of the field.

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The Disciplinary Liability of Lithuanian Lawyers: a Comparative Approach

References 1. Evaluation Report on European Judicial Systems (completed version). The European Commission for the Efficiency of Justice (CEPEJ). 2012 // http://www.coe.int/t/dghl/cooperation/cepej/evaluation/2012/Rapport_en.pdf (accessed October 15, 2014). 2. Kiršienė, Julija, and Charles F. Szymanski. “Vertybinių nuostatų ugdymo, rengiant teisininkus universitete, galimybės” [A Value-Based Approach to Teaching Legal Ethics]. Jurisprudencija-Jurisprudence 19 (4) (2012): 1327-1342. 3. Lastauskienė, Giedrė

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Interrelations between Energy Security Economics and Social Cohesion: Analysis of a Lithuanian Case

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. Ang, B. W., W. L. Choong, and T. S. Ng. “Energy security: Definitions, dimensions and indexes.” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 42 (2015): 1077–1093. 2. Ang, B. W., A. R. Mu, and P. Zhou. “Accounting framework for tracking energy efficiency trends.” Energy Economics 32 (2010): 1209–1219. 3. Bassi, Andrea M., Joel S. Yudken, and Matthias Ruth. “Climate policy impacts on the competitiveness of energy-intensive manufacturing sectors.” Energy Policy 37 (2009): 3052–3060. 4. Belke, Ansgar, Frauke Dobnik, and

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Anonymization of Court Decisions: Are Restrictions on the Right to Information in “Accordance with the Law”?

efficiency of the Kazakh justice system. Report on the Accessibility to Judicial Decisions through Publication Standards.” Joint Programme between the European Union and the Council of Europe (2015) // https://www.coe.int/t/dghl/standardsetting/cdcj/co-operation_projects/criminal_justice_reform_kazakhstan/Press-Release-18-01-2016/EN_CoE%20%20Kazakhstan%20Report_11%2001%202016.pdf . 18. Versmissen, Koen. Expert Report on Access to Court Decisions and Protection of Personal Data in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia . Skopje: OSCE Mission to Skopje, 2011

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The Transformation of Energy Risk in the Baltic States

.ecoheatcool.org. 16. Ecoheetcool. Guidelines for assessing the efficiency of district heating and cooling systems. Work package 3. A Europe Heat and Power Initiative. Final Report. Brussels (2006) // available at www.ecoheatcool.org. 17. Ecoheetcool. Possibilities with more district heating in Europe. Work package 4. A Europe Heat and Power Initiative. Final Report. Brussels (2006) // available at www.ecoheatcool.org. 18. Elliott, Anthony. “Beck’s sociology of risk: a critical assessment.” Sociology Vol. 36, No. 2 (2002 May): 293

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