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The development of innovation and entrepreneurship in the voivodeship of Kuyavia and Pomerania

[Innovation and entrepreneurship in Poland]. Schumpeter J., Teoria rozwoju gospodarczego, Warszawa 1960 [The theory of economic development] Strategia Innowacyjności i Efektywności Gospodarki [Strategy for Innovation and Economic Efficiency](project issued on 17-05-2012), Ministerstwo Gospodarki [Ministry of Economy]2012. Zarządzenie Kanclerza WSG w Bydgoszczy nr 3/2008/2009 12.11.2008 z Regulaminem funkcjonowania AIP., jako Załącznikiem do zarządzenia [The order of WSG in Bydgoszcz’s chancellor with the regulations of

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Right to energy? The protection of vulnerable recipients on national and international level

–136. Directive 2012/27/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on energy efficiency, amending Directives 2009/125/EC and 2010/30/EU and repealing Directives 2004/8/EC and 2006/32/EC, OJ L 315, 14.11.2012, p. 1–56. Regulation (EU) No 994/2010 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 October 2010 concerning measures to safeguard security of gas supply and repealing Council Directive 2004/67/EC, OJ L 295, 12.11.2010, p. 1–22. Ustawa z dnia 10 kwietnia 1997 r. – Prawo energetyczne, t.j. Dz.U. z 2012 r. poz. 1059 ze zm. [The Act of

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Translation memory and computer assisted translation tool for medieval texts


Translation memories (TMs), as part of Computer Assisted Translation (CAT) tools, support translators reusing portions of formerly translated text. Fencing books are good candidates for using TMs due to the high number of repeated terms. Medieval texts suffer a number of drawbacks that make hard even “simple” rewording to the modern version of the same language. The analyzed difficulties are: lack of systematic spelling, unusual word orders and typos in the original. A hypothesis is made and verified that even simple modernization increases legibility and it is feasible, also it is worthwhile to apply translation memories due to the numerous and even extremely long repeated terms. Therefore, methods and algorithms are presented 1. for automated transcription of medieval texts (when a limited training set is available), and 2. collection of repeated patterns. The efficiency of the algorithms is analyzed for recall and precision.

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The guild and the swordsman

: Merchant Guilds 1000-1800. 1st ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Ogilvie, S, 1997. State Corporatism and Proto-Industry: The Württemberg Black Forest, 1580-1797 (Cambridge Studies in Population, Economy and Society in Past Time). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Ogilvie S. C. 2004. “Guilds, efficiency, and social capital: evidence from German proto-industry”, Economic History Review, 57, 286-333. Puhle, Matthias, 1994, Die Vitalienbruder: Klaus Stortebecker unde de Seerauber der Hansezeit, (2nd ed), Campus

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