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Rasa Smite, Creative Networks in the Rear-View Mirror of Eastern European History, Theory on Demand

References Kluitenberg, Eric 1999. “The Sovereign Experience of Media”. - NU: The Nordic Art Review, 1, 50-53. Lovink, Geert; Kluitenberg, Eric 2000. Tulipomania Dotcom: A Critique of the New Economy. Conference reader. Amsterdam. (16 October 2014). Schultz, Pit; Lovink, Geert 1996. ‘Go-paper’. - ZKP 95, Net Criticism. Version 1.0. Budapest: Nettime, 5. Smite, Rasa 2012. Creative Networks in the Rear-View Mirror of Eastern

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What Happened to Andres Lapeteus? An Upper-Class Homo Sovieticus Caught in the Gears of Soviet Modernity


This article looks at What Happened to Andres Lapeteus? (Mis juhtus Andres Lapeteusega, Estonia, 1966), a film that marked the directing debut of Russian-Estonian theatre and film director Grigori Kromanov, as a cinematographic narrative that follows the development of a homo sovieticus. The concept of homo sovieticus, initially simply an ironic reference to the “New Soviet Man” promoted in the official Soviet vocabulary, was elaborated in the 1980s and 1990s by several thinkers and writers from Eastern Europe into a concept allowing for a more analytical description of the bureaucratic human type that developed under the Soviet regime. The German- American philosopher Hannah Arendt in her renowned The Origins of Totalitarianism (1951) found that the juridical, the moral, and the individual in a man could most effectively be killed in concentration camps. The Russian philosopher Aleksandr Zinoviev and the Polish philosopher Józef Tischner, however, have seen the homo sovieticus syndrome as resulting from spiritual rather than physical imprisonment. Predisposed by the planned Soviet economy, which did not motivate Soviet people to make any creative, intellectual, or moral efforts, homo sovieticus soon started to represent a certain official ritualistic behaviour that maintained the symbolic legitimacy of power.

What Happened to Andres Lapeteus? tells the story of an ambitious young Estonian official during Stalinist and post-Stalinist years, but does it in a novel way for its time, tackling the popular criticism of the cult of personality in the Thaw era from the viewpoint of individual responsibility. Offering a charismatic black-and-white version of the novel The Case of Andres Lapeteus (Andres Lapeteuse juhtum, 1963) by the Estonian writer Paul Kuusberg, Kromanov’s new wave film still makes us ponder the often avoided and delicate issue of the Sovietisation of the Baltic states from the inside.

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Audiovisual Policymaking in Estonia at Times of Convergence: An ‘Innovation System’ as a Policy Rationale

Sport Council meeting. (5 October 2015). Cunningham, Stuart; Silver, Jon 2013. Screen Distribution and the New King Kongs of the Online World. London: Palgrave Pivot. Elmer , Greg; Gasher, Mike 2005. Contracting Out Hollywood: Runaway Productions and Foreign Location Shooting. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefi eld. Goldh aber, Michael H. 1997. ‘The Attention Economy and the Net’. - First Monday 2, 4. (5

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Tallinn Film Cluster: Realities, Expectations and Alternatives

, ERSA, Barcelona. Burmeister, K.; Neef, A.; Albert, B.; Glockner, H. 2002. Zukunftsforschung und Unternehmen. Praxis, Methoden, Perspektiven. Essen: Z punkt GmbH Büro für Zukunftsgestaltung. Castells, M. 1996. The Rise of the Network Society: The Information Age: Economy, Society, and Culture. Oxford: Blackwell. Davis, C. H.; Creutzberg, T.; Arthurs D. 2009. ‘Applying an innovation cluster framework to a creative industry: The case of screen-based media in Ontario.’ - Innovation: Management, Policy & Practice, 11, 201

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Pronoun omission and agreement: An analysis based on ICE Singapore and ICE India

-184. Scheibman, Joanne. 2000. I dunno: A usage-based account of the phonological reduction of don't in American English conversation. Journal of Pragmatics 32: 105-124. Schneider, Edgar W. 2007. Postcolonial English: Varieties around the world. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Speas, Margaret. 1994. Null arguments in a theory of economy of projection. In E. Benedicto and J. T. Runner (eds.). University of Massachusetts Occasional Papers in Linguistics 17: Functional projections, 179-208. Amherst: Graduate Linguistics Student Association

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Television News in the 1950s: New Medium in the Service of Soviet Power and Society

. ‘Kultuuriajakirjad sotsioloogi pilgiga’. - Keel ja Kirjandus, 1-2, 3-15. Lauristin, M.; Vihalemm, P.; Tallo, I. 1997. ‘Poliitilise kultuuri areng Eestis’. - Sirp, 17 and 24 October. Lõhmus, M. 2002. Transformation of Public Text in Totalitarian System: A Socio-Somiotic Study of Soviet Censorhip Practices in Estonian Radio in the 1980s.Turku: Turun Yliopisto. Markham, J. W. 1964. ‘Is advertising important in the Soviet economy?’ - Journal of Marketing, 28, 2, 31-37. Peep, H. 2009. Eesti Televisioon 1955-1990. http

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Transcending ‘Cold Intimacies’ in Veiko Õunpuu’s Works

:// (22 July 2016). Lige, Carl-Dag 2010/2011. ‘Arhitektuur filmis’. – Eramu & Korter Winter, 64–65. Luks, Leo 2013. ‘Priipidamisel vaevleja’. – La Strada , September. Marx, Karl 1844. Comments on James Mill, Éléments D’économie Politique . (21 July 2016). Marx, Karl [1887] 1976. Capital: A Critique of Political Economy, Volume One . Intro. Ernest Mandel, trans. Ben Fowkes. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, in association with New Left

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‘All the Necessary Information is Provided by Russia’s Channels’. Russian-language Radio and TV in Latvia: Audiences and Content

Golding, Graham Murdock (eds.), The Political Economy of Media . Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 120–150. Dimants, Ainars 2016. ‘Latvian Public Service Broadcasting (PSB) at a Media Policy Crossroads on the Path to Public Service Media (PSM)’. – Central European Political Studies 2, 155–165. Factum Group 2012. ‘Mediju lietošanas paradumu pētījums Latgales reģionā’. – NEPLP, 19 June. (2 March 2016). Gitlin, Todd 1998. ‘Public Sphere or Public Sphericules?’ – James Curran, Tamar Liebes (eds

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Talk talk, not just small talk. Exploring English contrastive focus reduplication with the help of corpora

. Identical constituent compounding - a corpus-based study. Folia Linguistica 38 (3-4): 297-332. Hohenhaus, Peter. 2007. How to do (even more) things with nonce words (other than naming). In J. Munat (ed.). Lexical creativity, texts and contexts, 15-38. Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins. Horn, Laurence R. 1993. Economy and redundancy in a dualistic model of natural language. In S. Shore and M. Vilkuna (eds.). SKY - Yearbook of the Linguistic Association of Finland, 33-72. Helsinki. Horn, Laurence R. 2008. Pragmatics

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