longer forced to watch time-structured television schedules – they have other options. The analysis will show how the communicative behaviour of the four channels, in different ways, is part of what I call a traditional delay economy associated with linear television, which relies heavily on the patience of the implied viewers. The article then discusses how the delay economy might be challenged by what I call an emerging impatience culture . The article suggests that the experience of gaining instant access to desired audio-visual content and the proliferation of
A diachronic affordance analysis of Steam’s platformization strategy
critical investigations of the political economy of games (Dyer-Witheford & De Peuter, 2009; Kücklich, 2005 ).
Therefore, it is useful to consider Steam within the context of other “disruptive technologies”, a concept that is usually traced back to Bower and Christensen (1995) , who used it to compare the manner in which large companies like IBM, Xerox and Sears lost large market shares by ignoring new, often less performant but more flexible technologies that initially failed to meet the expectations and immediate needs of their mainstream consumer base. Within the
methods for analysing social media data. Contact: email@example.com.
KAREN DONDERS lectures on European media markets, the political economy of journalism, and policy analysis at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel. She is a PI at the Center for Studies on Media Innovation and Technology (a partner in imec) at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel. She specializes in public service media, private television, and the interplay between media economics and policies. She has published widely on these topics in peer-reviewed journals. Contact: Karen.Donders@vub.ac.be.
GUNN ENLI is
sector to ticket sales and cleaning in the exhibition sector. Tracking product and money flows implies that a model is transaction oriented. We are seeking to map not the economies of production, distribution or streaming companies but the exchange of films and money between these and consumers. The analysis follows John R. Commons (1934) and Roald H. Coase (1937) , who identified the transaction as the ultimate unit of economic activity.
Figure 1 below shows a schematic model for the current Norwegian film industry, based on a model developed by Hollywood
selection or curation of content ( Van Dijck et al., 2018 : 31-46). Increasingly, these platform mechanisms are disrupting the media content production economy that used to be based on advertising and direct payments for products, with the traditional news media in particular struggling to survive under these new conditions. However, all the media industries are affected by the dominant position of the big tech companies. Van Dijck and colleagues (2018) underline the importance of fighting the power of these few transnational companies and the need for civil society and
How private media managers talk about responsibility to society in an era of turmoil
Trine Syvertsen, Karen Donders, Gunn Enli and Tim Raats
in Norway, which have given Norway one of the best high-speed broadband networks in the world. This is an important social responsibility, which leads to value creation.
We have been delivering quality for broadband infrastructure for many years, especially in Flanders and Belgium. The speed of our infrastructure is among the highest in Europe. We create added value for society. The whole economy today is based on a very good telecom infrastructure, and we really took care of it.
When asked about societal responsibilities that extend beyond infrastructure, some
Outlining the figure of the entrepreneur–journalist in four French pure players
these newcomers were summarized as follows:
Pure players can’t compete with sites that rely on press companies supported by shareholders with greater financial capacity than their own. Moreover, they cannot produce the same economy of scale in terms of news production through the synergy of industrial, technological and editorial functions. Lastly, they do not benefit from the same recognition amongst financial investors, advertisers and sources. ( Damian-Gaillard et al., 2009 : 12-13)
Despite this diagnosis being shared by other scholars ( Ramrajsingh, 2011