In this paper, I suggest an alternative form of periodization of Romanian history. My aim is not to move around historical posts; rather I propose a different way of understanding Romanian history as such. This is the research agenda. I seek to write a world history from the perspective of a peripheral place like Romania has been. Therefore, this is not simply an attempt to insert a local, neglected, silenced or distorted history into a wider, European, global story (that is, to discover the history of “people without history”), just as it is not another attempt to “provincialize Europe” in favour of a view from its repressed margins. Instead, following Coronil (2004), I believe it is indispensable to globalize the periphery, to understand its worldwide formation. My investigation draws upon the conceptual toolkit of world-system theory and its underlining philosophy of history (Wallerstein, 2011). In the same vein, the guiding principles of my periodization elaborate on Andre Gunder Frank’s insight that the exchange (or rather direct transfer) of surplus between societies is what links regions and societies as whole (Frank, 1978). The focus then shifts from a given society/state and its internal relations to the wider world-system, or world-economy, in which it is embedded. The unit of analysis is not a geographical location, but relations and networks and their historical development.
Semiproletarian Household over the Longue Durée of the Modern World-System. In Lee, Richard E. (ed.). Longue Durée and World-Systems Analysis, State University of New York Press. pp. 97-136.
Erdei, F. (1943). A magyar paraszttársadalom, Franklin Társulat, Budapest.
Erdei, F. (1973). Parasztok. Akadémiai, Budapest.
Erdei, F. (1974). Magyar város. Akadémiai, Budapest.
Gábor R, I. (1979). The second/secondary/economy. Earning activity and regrouping of income outside the socially organized production and distribution
Becker, G. (1960) An economic analysis of fertility , Universities-National Bureau of Economic Research Conference, Series 11, pp. 209-231.
Becker, G. & Lewis, H. (1973) On the interaction between the quantity and quality of children, Journal of Political Economy , Vol. 81 (2), pp. 279-288.
Bongaarts, J. (2006) How long will we live? Population and Development Review , Vol. 32 (4), pp. 605-628.
Caldwell, J. C., & Schindlmayr, T. (2003) Explanations of the fertility crisis in modern societies: A search for commonalities
Bockman, J., and Eyal, G. (2002). Eastern Europe as a Labouratory for Economic Knowledge: The Transnational Roots of Neoliberalism1. American Journal of Sociology, 108(2): 310-352.
Bohle, D., and Greskovits, B. (2012). Capitalist Diversity on Europe’s Periphery . Itacha and London: Cornell University Press.
Brenner, R. (2006). An Alternative Approach to the Long Downturn The Economics of Global Turbulence: the Advanced Capitalist Economies from Long Boom to Long Downturn, 1945-2005 . London: Verso, pp. 27-40.
Burawoy, M. (2001
Barbrook, Richard (2000). Cyber-Communism: How the Americans are Superseding Capitalism in Cyber Space. Science as Culture. 9 (1): 5-40.
Barbrook, Richard (1998). The Hi-Tech Gift Economy. First Monday, 3 (12).
Bastani, Aaron (2019). Fully Automated Luxury Communism. London, New York: Verso.
Bauwens, Michel (2005). The Political Economy of Peer Production. 100 Days of Theory. www.ctheory.net/articles.aspx?id=499 .
Castells, Manuel (1996). The Rise of the Network Society. The Information Age: Economy, Society and
Greene, W. H., Econometric Analysis (seventh ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, New York University 2012.
Alesina A., Perotti R., Tavares J., The Political Economy of Fiscal Adjustments, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 1:1998.
Cangiano M., Lazare M.; Curristine T., Public Financial Management and Its Emerging Architecture, IMF, Washington 2013.
Dell’Erba, Mattina, Roitman., Pressure or Prudence? Tales of Market Pressure and Fiscal Adjustment, IMF Working Paper WP/13/170, Washington 2013.
. (1978). Investment Cycles in Planned Economies. Acta Oeconomica, 21(3): 243-260.
Bockman, J. (2011). Markets in the Name of Socialism: The Left-Wing Origins of Neoliberalism. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Bogdan, T., Cernea, M. M., Constantinescu, M., and Cristea, P. (1970). Procesul de urbanizare în România: zona Brașov. București: Editura Politică.
Bosomitu, Șt. (2011). Notes and Remarks on the (Re) Institutionalization of Sociology in Communist Romania in the 1960s. History of Communism in Europe, 2(1): 169
., & Suresh, V. (2013). Multiple shocks and slum household economies in South India. Economy and Society, 42(3): 398-429.
Kumar, S.V. (2003). Economic security for the elderly in India: An overview. Journal of Aging and Social Policy, 15(2-3): 45-65.
Mander, H (2014) Ash in the Belly: India’s Unfinished Battle Against Hunger, New Delhi: Penguin
Mander, H (2015) Modi’s social security schemes are an eyewash - the poor will be the last to benefit from them, Scroll.in, June 22nd.
Mehrotra, S and H Mander (2009