can be determined by the EPA’s Urban Dynamometer Driving Schedule (UDDS), Highway Fuel Economy Driving Schedule (HWFET) [ 2 ], and US06 driving schedules. Chevrolet Cruze is an automobile produced by the American manufacturer General Motors (GM), spanning two unrelated models. Under a joint venture with GM, Suzuki in Japan manufactured the original iteration – a subcompact hatchback – between 2001 and 2008 [ 3 , 4 ].
Since 2008, the “Cruze” nameplate has referred to a globally developed, designed, and manufactured four-door compact sedan, complemented by a five
Gheorghe Ion Gheorghe, Anghel Constantin and Iulian Ilie
The current scientific work show for the first time, (i) a new complex mixmechatronic concept of integration and fusion in the structures of smart technical and technological systems and (ii) the systems of electronic control for holistic physical-virtual assembly.
The content of the paper highlight some results of professional researches in Mechatronics and Cyber-Mix Mechatronics fields at the National Institute of Research and Development in Mechatronics and Measurement Technique– Bucharest and also at Politehnica University of Bucharest (PUB) from Romania. Some of these results are in the process of transfer and capitalization to the industry, economy and society.
Today’s automotive designers and material specialists regard lighter vehicles for less fuel consumption (economy and ecology) and higher safety to passengers. Metal matrix composites have been a large area of interest. Aluminium composite is potentially applied in automotive and aerospace industries, because it has a superior strength to weight ratio and is a light weight metal with high temperature resistance. Composites containing hard oxides and ceramics (such as alumina) are preferred for high wear resistance along with increased hardness. In this work, alumina and zinc are reinforced in Al-LM25 alloy through stir casting process, where alumina is varied 6% and 12% in Al-5%Zn. Various mechanical analyses were conducted and the effect of wear with different percentage of alumina reinforcement was studied. The resulting properties are imported in a piston, modelled using solid works, and analysed in ANSYS work bench. Imparting this new material for pistons could introduce deep design and improvements in engine operation of a vehicle.
Nastase-Dan Ciobota, Gheorghe Ion Gheorghe and Veronica Despa
Manufacturing (2013) p. 6
 Global Engineering and Additive Manufacturing -Bandyopadhyay A, Gualtieri T, Bose S - Additive Manufacturing, vol. 10 (2015) pp. 1-18 Published by CRC Press
 Anatomic modeling using 3D printing: quality assurance and optimization - Leng S, McGee K, Morris J, Alexander A, Kuhlmann J, Vrieze T, McCollough C, Matsumoto J -3D Printing in Medicine, vol. 3, issue 1 (2017) p. 6
 3D printing with biomaterials: Towards a sustainable and circular economy - van Wijk A, van Wijk I - 3D Printing with Biomaterials: Towards a Sustainable
Milan Škorupa, Tomáš Čechovič, Martin Kendra and Borut Jereb
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European Commission: Transport: EU