The history of pirate, illegal television stations in Poland is presented here against the broader background of systemic transformations (both political and legal). According to the author of the article, it was an inevitable phenomenon, closely linked to the creation of the foundations of a democratic, lawful state with free-market economy. They were a factor which enforced acceleration of political change, legislative works and affected the change of the programming offer. Although pirate television stations were a short-lived phenomenon, they had huge impact on the later development of electronic media in Poland.
Zafiropoulou Maria and Papachristopoulos Konstantinos
vulnerable groups of the population, Social Cohesion and Development , 9(2), 99-115.
PETROPOULOU, C. (2013). Alternative Networks of Collectivities’ and ‘Solidarity Cooperative Economy’ in Greek cities: Exploring their theoretical origins, Journal of Regional Socio-Economic Issues , 3(2), pp. 61-85.
PICARD R.G. (2014). Panel I: The Future of the Political Economy of Press Freedom, Communication Law and Policy , 19(1): 97-107.
SIMITI M. (2015). Social Need’ or ‘Choice’? Greek Civil Society during the Economic Crisis, Discussion Paper no. 95, Hellenic
Kitson M., Howells J., Braham J., & Westlake S. (2009). The Connected University Driving Recovery and Growth in the UK Economy. Retrieved from: www.nesta.org.uk
Kline, S. J. & Rosenberg, N. (1986) An overview of innovation, in R. Landau and N. Rosenberg, The positive sum strategy, Washington DC: National Academy Press.
Lasagni, A. (2012), "How can external relationships enhance innovation in SMEs? New evidence for Europe", Journal of Small Business Management, 50, 2, 310-339.
Lockett, N., Kerr, R., Robinson, S. (2008
Pontificio Consiglio per la Famiglia (2003). Lexicon. Termini ambigui e discussi su famiglia, vita e questioni etiche. Milano: EDB.
Remotti, F. (2010). L’ossessione identitaria . Roma-Bari: Laterza.
Rivoltella, P.C. (2001). Media education. Modelli, esperienze, profilo disciplinare . Roma: Carocci.
Rubin, G. (1975). The traffic in women: Notes on the ‘Political Economy’ of Sex. In R. Reiter (Ed), Towards an anthropology of women (pp. 157-210). New York: Monthly Review Press.
Saporiti, M. (2015). The Catholic Metamorphosis in France: from
& Turner International. (2012). The new generations 2012 survey, Manila, Philippines. Retrieved from http://www.serdef.org/archives/847
Castells, M. (2010). End of millennium: the information age: economy, society, and culture. MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
Castells, M. (2000). The rise of the network society .MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
Cohen, L., Manion, L.& Morrison, K. (2011). Research methods in education . London; NY: Routledge.
Comstock, G. (1978). The impact of television on American institutions. Journal of Communication , 28(2), 12-28.