Search Results

1 - 10 of 116 items :

Clear All
Low-Carbohydrate-High-Fat Diet: Can it Help Exercise Performance?

Introduction For the past several decades, the mainstream scientific opinion on healthy diets and the recommendations for dietary intake have favored high-carbohydrate and low-fat (HCLF) diets. This position has led most countries in the world to issue dietary guidelines in favor of lowering dietary fat and increasing starch and fiber intake ( Myers et al., 2013 ). These guidelines have largely been followed as dietary carbohydrate content has gradually increased at the expense of fat ( Johnston et al., 2014 ). Despite the scientific and dietary progress in

Open access
Ketogenic Diet and Skeletal Muscle Hypertrophy: a Frenemy Relationship?

balance’s factors stimulates protein synthesis, on the opposite an increase in negative protein balance’s factors stimulates protein degradation. The sum of these two parts of the scale defines the net protein balance (NPB). Considering the paramount importance of protein intake as a skeletal muscle protein synthesis stimulus, it is somewhat surprising that a relatively high protein diet such as the very low carbohydrate ketogenic diet, more simply called ketogenic diet (KD) ( Paoli, 2018 ), has been, till now, poorly investigated as far as its effects on skeletal

Open access
Adherence to the DASH-style Diet and the Presence of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Adults from Tîrgu Mureș

European Region. Available at: http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0008/185903/e96816.pdf . 4. World Health Organization. Global Health Observatory (GHO) data: Raised blood pressure. Available at: http://www.who.int/gho/ncd/risk_factors/blood_pressure_prevalence_text/en . 5. Blumenthal JA, Babyak, MA, Hinderliter, A et al. Effects of the DASH diet alone and in combination with exercise and weight loss on blood pressure and cardiovascular biomarkers in men and women with high blood pressure: the ENCORE study. Arch Intern Med . 2010

Open access
Seeking Optimal Nutrition for Healthy Body Mass Reduction Among Former Athletes

maintaining normal body mass and may lead to obesity, diabetes and many other diseases. A study conducted on a group of 100 former soccer players from Brazil showed that 78% of them were overweight and 4% suffered from obesity ( Arliani et al., 2014 ). The generally recommended diet associated with a decreased risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer and obesity is the Mediterranean diet (MD) ( Assmann et al., 1997 ). It has been shown that this type of diet can be recommended to all populations worldwide ( Kouris-Blazos et al., 1999 ). The beneficial effect of the MD is

Open access
Perception of Healthy Eating among Romanian Adults

REFERENCES 1. Mozaffarian D. Dietary and Policy Priorities for cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and obesity – a comprehensive review. Circulation . 2016;133:187-225. 2. World Health Organization. Diet, nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases. Report of joint WHO/FAO expert consultation. WHO Technical Report Series, No 916. https://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/publications/trs916/intro . (14 February 2019) 3. Stephenson J, Heslehurst N, Hall J, et al. Before the beginning: nutrition and lifestyle in the preconception period and

Open access
Effects of Exercise and/or Diet Programs on Kinanthropometric and Metabolic Parameters in Obese Children: a Pilot Study

References Barlow SE, Expert Committee. Expert committee recommendations regarding the prevention, assessment, and treatment of child and adolescent overweight and obesity: summary report. Pediatrics, 2007; 120(Suppl. 1): 164-192. Ben Ounis O, Elloumi M, Ben Chiekh I, Zbidi A, Amri M, Lac G, Tabka Z. Effects of two-month physical-endurance and diet-restriction programmes on lipid profiles and insulin resistance in obese adolescent boys. Diabetes Metab, 2008; 34(6 Pt 1): 595

Open access
Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry to Measure the Effects of a Thirteen-Week Moderate to Vigorous Aquatic Exercise and Nutritional Education Intervention on Percent Body Fat in Adults with Intellectual Disabilities from Group Home Settings

status and dietary patterns in disabled people. Nutr Metab Cardio Dis, 2006; 16: 100.-112. Croce RV. Effects of Exercise and Diet on Body Composition and Cardiovascular Fitness in Adults with Severe Mental Retardation. Educ Train Ment Retard , 1990; 25: 176-187. Casey AF, Rasmussen R, MacKenzie S, Glenn J. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry to measure the influence of a sixteen-week community-based swim training program on body fat in children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities. Arch Phys Med Rehab

Open access
No Modification in Blood Lipoprotein Concentration but Changes in Body Composition After 4 Weeks of Low Carbohydrate Diet (LCD) Followed by 7 Days of Carbohydrate Loading in Basketball Players

Introduction For years, athletes have been searching for a diet that would enhance performance while reducing body fat and the risk of other disorders ( Creighton et al., 2018 ; Greene et al., 2018 ; Maciejewska et al., 2017 ; McSwiney et al., 2017; Zajac et al., 2014 ). Till now athletes most often experiment with the low fat diets (LFD), low carbohydrate diets (LCD), and high protein diets (HPD) ( Creighton et al., 2018 ; Greene et al., 2018 ; McSwiney et al., 2018 ; Paoli et al., 2013 ; Zajac et al., 2014 ). However particular sport disciplines are

Open access
Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Complex Deficiency: An Unusual Cause of Recurrent Lactic Acidosis in a Paediatric Critical Care Unit

of 14.87. This was suggestive of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex deficiency (PDCD) ( Table 1 ). A skeletal muscle biopsy showed low levels of activated PDC and PDC/E3 ratio ( Table 1 ) as well as a pyruvate dehydrogenase and mitochondrial complex panel testing positive for pyruvate dehydrogenase alpha 1 (PDHA1) gene mutation confirming the diagnosis of PDCD. The patient was given a trial of a ketogenic diet (KD) which did not result in an elevation of lactate levels ( Figure 2 ). He remained on prolonged mechanical ventilation secondary to the development of acute

Open access
The Role of Healthy Diet and Lifestyle in Preventing Chronic Diseases

REFERENCES 1. World Health Organization. Global Health Estimates 2016: Deaths by Cause, Age, Sex, by Country and by Region, 2000–2016. Geneva: WHO, 2016. https://www.who.int/healthinfo/global_burden_disease/GHE2016_Deaths_WBInc_2000_2016.xls?ua=1 2. World Health Organization. Noncommunicable diseases country profiles 2018. Geneva: WHO, 2018. https://www.who.int/nmh/publications/ncd-profiles-2018/en/ 3. World Health Organization. Diet, nutrition and prevention of chronic diseases. Report of a Joint Expert Consultation. Geneva: WHO/FAO, 2003

Open access