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Enkephalinase activity is modified and correlates with fatty acids in frontal cortex depending on fish, olive or coconut oil used in the diet

-dye binding. Anal Biochem 72, 248–254, 1976. Chang GQ, Karatayev O, Ahsan R, Gaysinskaya V, Marwil Z, Leibowitz SF. Dietary fat stimulates endogenous enkephalin and dynorphin in the paraventricular nucleus: role of circulating triglycerides. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 292, E561–E570, 2007. Chang GQ, Karatayev O, Barson JR, Chang SY, Leibowitz SF. Increased encephalin in brain of rats prone to overconsuming a fat-rich diet. Physiol Behav 101, 360–369, 2010. Corder G, Castro DC, Bruchas MR, Scherrer G. Endogenous and exogenous opioids in pain. Annu Rev

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The bone hormones and their potential effects on glucose and energy metabolism

References Alwahsh SM, Xu M, Seyhan HA, Ahmad S, Mihm S, Ramadori G, Schultze FC. Diet high in fructose leads to an overexpression of lipocalin-2 in rat fatty liver. World J Gastroenterol 20, 1807–1821, 2014. Bouillon R, Bex M, Van Herck E, Laureys J, Dooms L, Lesaffre E, Ravussin E. Influence of age, sex, and insulin on osteoblast function: osteoblast dysfunction in diabetes mellitus. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 80, 1194–1202, 1995. de Liefde II, van der Klift M, de Laet CE, van Daele PL, Hofman A, Pols HA. Bone mineral density and fracture risk in

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Sex and salt intake dependent renin-angiotensin plasticity in the liver of the rat

human liver disease and has antifibrotic activity in the bile-duct-ligated rat. Clin Sci (Lond) 117, 375–386, 2009. Lyngso C, Erikstrup N, Hansen JL. Functional interactions between 7TM receptors in the renin-angiotensin system--dimerization or crosstalk? Mol Cell Endocrinol 302, 203–212, 2009. Mao C, Liu R, Bo L, Chen N, Li S, Xia S, Chen J, Li D, Zhang L, Xu Z. High-salt diets during pregnancy affected fetal and offspring renal renin-angiotensin system. J Endocrinol 218, 61–73, 2013. Matsusaka T, Niimura F, Shimizu A, Pastan I, Saito A, Kobori H

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The effect of peptide tyrosine tyrosine (PYY3–36), a selective Y2 receptor agonist on streptozotocin-induced diabetes in albino rats

of the Y2-receptor promotes secretion of GLP-1 and improves glucose tolerance. Mol Metab 2, 142–152, 2013. Chao PT, Yang L, Aja S, Moran TH, Bi S. Knockdown of NPY expression in the dorsomedial hypothalamus promotes development of brown adipocytes and prevents diet-induced obesity. Cell Metab 13, 573–583, ‏ 2011. Chatree S, Churintaraphan M, Nway N, Sitticharoon C. Expression of Y2R mRNA expression in subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissues compared between normal weight and obese female subjects. Siriraj Medical Journal 65, 163–167, 2017

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Resistance training alone or combined with leucine supplementation improves the serum lipid profile of diabetic rats, whereas leucine alone does not

polyherbal formulation in steptozotocin induced hyperglycemic rats. Anc Sci Life 34, 23–32, 2014. Ghanbari-Niaki A, Saghebjoo M, Hedayati M. A single session of circuit-resistance exercise effects on human peripheral blood lymphocyte ABCA1 expression and plasma HDL-C level. Regul Pept 166, 42–47, 2011. Guido S, Joseph T. Effect of chemically different calcium antagonists on lipid profile in rats fed on a high fat diet. Indian J Exp Biol 30, 292–294, 1992. Hinault C, Mothe-Satney I, Gautier N, Van Obberghen E. Amino acids require glucose to enhance

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Magnesium upregulates insulin receptor and glucose transporter-4 in streptozotocin-nicotinamide-induced type-2 diabetic rats

insulin resistance in a sample of young, nondiabetic Black Americans. Am J Hypertens 12, 747-756, 1999. Irondi EA, Oboh G, Akindahunsi AA. Antidiabetic eff ects of Mangifera indica Kernel Flour-supplemented diet in streptozotocin-induced type 2 diabetic in rats. Food Sci Nutr 4, 828-839, 2016. Joshi RL, Lamothe B, Cordonnier N, Mesbah K, Monthioux E, Jami J, Bucchini D. Targeted disruption of the insulin receptor gene in the mouse results in neonatal lethality. Embo J 15, 1542-1547, 1996. Kisters K, Gremmler B, Kozianka J

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Darapladib inhibits atherosclerosis development in type 2 diabetes mellitus Sprague-Dawley rat model

YP. Inhibition of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 ameliorates inflammation and decreases atherosclerotic plaque formation in ApoE-deficient mice. PLoS ONE 6, e23425, 2011. Wihastuti TA, Sargowo D, Tjokroprawiro A, Permatasari N, Widodo MA, Soeharto S. Vasa vasorum anti-angiogenesis through H2O2, HIF-1α, NF-κB, and iNOS inhibition by mangosteen pericarp ethanolic extract (garcinia mangostana linn) in hypercholesterol-diet-given rattus norvegicus wistar strain. Vasc Health Risk Manag 10, 523–531, 2014. Wihastuti TA, Heriansyah H, Soraya M

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Alternative renin-angiotensin system pathways in adipose tissue and their role in the pathogenesis of obesity

C, Taira CA, Gironacci MM, Turyn D, Dominici FP. Chronic infusion of angiotensin-(1-7) improves insulin resistance and hypertension induced by a high-fructose diet in rats. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 296, E262–271, 2009. Gupte M, Boustany-Kari CM, Bharadwaj K, Police S, Thatcher S, Gong MC, English VL, Cassis LA. ACE2 is expressed in mouse adipocytes and regulated by a high-fat diet. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 295, R781–788, 2008. Harrison DG, Cai H, Landmesser U, Griendling KK. Interactions of angiotensin II with NAD(P)H oxidase

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One-month of high-intensity exercise did not change the food intake and the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus proopiomelanocortin and neuropeptide Y expression levels in male Wistar rats

: The Endocrine System in Sports and Exercise (Eds. Kraemer WJ, Rogol AD), pp. 134–155, Blackwell publishing, 2005. Levin BE, Dunn-Meynell AA. Chronic exercise lowers the defended body weight gain and adiposity in diet-induced obese rats. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 286, R771–R778, 2004. Medici Lorenzeti F, Seixas Chaves DF, Giannini Artioli G, Nicastro H, Lancha AH Jr. Does resistance training modulate food intake and hypothalamic neuropepetides mRNA expression in rats? Clinical and Experimental Medical Sciences 1, 299–308, 2013

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Central and peripheral control of food intake

431-R438, 2015. Boey D, Lin S, Enriquez RF, Lee NJ, Slack K, Couzens M, Baldock PA, Herzog H, Sainsbury A. PYY transgenic mice are protected against diet-induced and genetic obesity. Neuropeptides 42, 19-30, 2008. Boguszewski CL, Paz-Filho G, Velloso LA. Neuroendocrine body weight regulation: integration between fat tissue, gastrointestinal tract, and the brain. Endokrynol Pol 61, 194-206, 2010. Bray GA, York DA. Studies on food intake of genetically obese rats. Am J Physiol 223, 176-179, 1972. Bray GA

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