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Effects of indoor cycling associated with diet on body composition and serum lipids

. Dekker Inc., NY. Christakis N.A., J.H. Fowler (2007) The spread of obesity in a large social network over 32 years. New Engl.J. Med. 357:370-379. Flocke S.A., A. Clark, K. Schlessman, G. Pomiecko (2005) Exercise, diet, and weight loss advice in the family medicine outpatient setting. Fam.Med. 37:415-421. Hubert H.B. M. Feinleib, P.M. Mcnamara, W.P. Castelli (1983) Obesity as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease: a 26-year follow-up of participants in the Framingham Heart

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Female sex hormones and the recovery from exercise: Menstrual cycle phase affects responses

Summary

Study aim: Evidence supports female sex hormones have an influencing effect on amultitude of physiological and psychological systems related to exercise. Little is known, however, whether is effect persist into the recovery from exercise. Our objective was to examine aspects of muscle damage/inflammation process during recovery in healthy, exercise-trained women following endurance activity at the mid-follicular (MF; low sex hormone level) and mid-luteal (ML; elevated sex hormone levels) phases of their menstrual cycle.

Material and methods: The MF and ML exercise sessions consisted of running for 90 minutes at 70% VO2max on atreadmill in a controlled laboratory environment. Menstrual cycle phase was hormonally confirmed, diet and physical activity was control throughout the study. Outcome measures were: blood creatine kinase (CK) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) assessed at immediate-post exercise (IP), 24-hour and 72-hour into recovery. Statistics involved ANOVA procedures.

Results: At 24-hours and 72-hour into recovery CK activity was greater in MF than ML (p < 0.05) while for IL-6 at IP, 24-hour and 72-hour responses were significantly greater at MF than at ML (p < 0.05).

Conclusions: Amore robust recovery CK and IL-6 response occur in the MF of the menstrual cycle when female sex hormones are reduced. This finding suggests female sex hormone changes due to menstrual cycle phase affect the physiologic responses during the extended recovery period from intensive exercise in eumenorrheic women.

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Different levels of physical activity and anthropometric profile in patients infected with hepatitis C virus

da síndrome metabólica em indivíduos obesos classe III. Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras., 58: 288-293. DOI: 10.1590/S0104-42302012000300007. 3. Clark J.E. (2015) Diet, exercise or diet with exercise: comparing the effectiveness of treatment options for weight-loss and changes in fitness for adults (18-65 years old) who are overfat, or obese; systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disor­ders, 14(1): 31. DOI: 10.1186/s40200-015-0154-1. 4. De Sousa Fernandes M.S., e Silva L.dL.S., Santos G.C.J., de Siqueira É

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The Associations Between Socioeconomic Status and Lifestyle Factors in European Adolescents: A Population-based Study

. BIBILONI, M. M., J. PICH, A. CÓRDOVA, A. PONS & J. A. TUR, 2012. Associations between sedentary behaviour and socioeconomic factors, diet and lifestyle among the Balearic Island adolescents. BMC Public Health. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-12-718. 4. BONACCIO, M. A. E. BONANNI, A. DI CASTELNUOVO, F. DE LUCIA, M.B. DONATI, G. DE GAETANO & L. IACOVIELLO, 2012. Low income is associated with poor adherence to a Mediterranean diet and a higher prevalence of obesity: Cross-sectional results from the Moli-sani study. BMJ Open. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2012-001685. 5

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Historical Experience of Usin Preventive Medicine in Physical Education of Different Population Groups

Abstract

The main attention in this article is devoted to the question of the influence of generally recognized measures of preventive medicine on the process of physical education of different categories of the population in the historical aspect. In this case, such conditions ensure the effectiveness of work on physical training, mainly young people as a character and level of their physical activity, qualitative and quantitative characteristics of the diet, the presence of bad habits, and so on. The necessity of formation of the appropriate infrastructure, which will allow specialists working in the field of physical culture and sports, is substantiated, to focus on the priority directions of organization of physical activity for children and adolescents with the purpose of positive influence on their health.

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Anthropometric and Cardiovascular Variables of Elite Athletes

, FE Johnston, B Zemel, PB Eveleth, eds. Smith-Gordon, London; pp. 273-280. 12. CLAESSENS, A. L., 2007. Growth and maturity status of elite female gymnasts: State of the art. Lecture, the 10th Sport Kinetics Conference, Belgrade, Serbia; 24-26 August. 13. D'ALESSANDRO, C., E. MORELLI, I. EVANGELISTI, F. GALETTA, F. FRANZONI, D. LAZZERI, M. PIAZZA & A. CUPISTI, 2007. Profiling the diet and body composition of subelite adolescent rhythmic gymnasts. Pediatr. Exer. Sci. 19(2): 215-27, 2007. 14. DOUDA, H. T., A. G. TOUBEKIS

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Sociocultural Influences of Parents on Body Dissatisfaction in Adolescents

–4 (2015): 833–839. 30. N. Horesh, E. Sommerfeld, M. Wolf, E. Zubery and G. Zalsman, „Father–daughter relationship and the severity of eating disorders“, European Psychiatry 30–1 (2015): 114–120. 31. Elizabeth K. Towner, Jennifer Reiter-Purtill, Richard E. Boles And Meg H. Zeller, „Predictors Of Caregiver Feeding Practices Differentiating Persistently Obese From Persistently Non-Overweight Adolescents“, Appetite 84 (2015): 120–127. 32. Julia Fredrickson „Weight perception in overweight adolescents: Associations with body change intentions, diet and

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Dietary intake of energy and selected nutrients and plasma lipid profile in young women and men with different levels of physical activity

women aged from 16 to 72 years. Br. J. Nutr ., 32: 77-97. 7. Durstine J.L., P.W. Grandjean, P.G. Davis, M.A. Ferguson, N.L. Alderson, K.D. DuBose (2001) Blood lipid and lipoprotein adaptations to exercise: a quantitative analysis. Sports Med ., 31: 1033-1062. 8. Erkkila A.T., A.H. Lichtenstein (2006) Fiber and cardiovascular disease risk: how strong is the evidence? J.Cardiovasc.Nurs ., 21: 3-8. 9. Fayet F., P. Petocz, S. Samman (2012) Prevalence and correlates of dieting in college women: a cross-sectional study

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Female athletes and health

-095735. 25. Kaiserauer S., A.C. Snyder, M. Sleeper, J. Zierath (1989) Nutritional, physiological, and menstrual status of distance runners. Med. Sci Sports Exec., 21: 120-125. 26. Klungland-Torstveit M., J. Sundgot-Borgen (2005) The female athlete triad exists in both elite athletes and controls. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., 37: 1449-1459. 27. Koehler K., H. Braun, S. Achtzen, U. Hilderbrandt, H.G. Predel, J. Mesyer, W. Schänzer (2012) Iron status in elite young athletes: gender-dependent influences of diet and exercise. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol., 112: 513-523. 28. Lamon

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Nutritional habits of female university students in relation to selfperception of body

school-aged children: a World Health Organization Cross-National Study. Research protocol for the 2001.02 survey. University of Edinburgh. Edinburgh. Daee A., P.Robinson. M.Lawson. J.A.Turpin. B.Gregory. J.D.Tobias (2002) Psychologic and physiologic effects of dieting in adolescence. South.Med.J., 95:1032-1041. DeLee M.L., T.L.Hughes, J.A.Miller, A.Hipwell, L.A.Theodore L.A (2009) Prevalence of eating disturbance and body image dissatisfaction in young girls: an examination of the variance across racial and

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