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Race, Femininity and Food: Femininity and the Racialization of Health and Dieting

Abstract

‘Femininity as Portrayed within Western Society’ is a research study that explored the ways in which femininity, what Moi (1989) defined as a set of cultural attributes assigned to the female sex, is racialized within western culture. To uncover black and white women’s racialized perceptions of femininity a total of 42 women, 22 black and 20 white women were interviewed for this research. This paper will highlight the ways in which the discipline of diet is practised within the homes of white and black women in their endeavours reflect and perform femininity. With the white respondents, the message that is communicated within their homes, through the everyday practice of their mother’s eating, was that dieting was perceived and learnt as the ‘normal’ way to eat. Within the homes of the black respondents, however, food, rather than being something that was restricted, was about sociability, something to be shared out and enjoyed.

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And That is Where the Fun Ends – General Practitioners’ Conceptualisation of the Line between Recreational and Problem Gambling

Abstract

AIMS – Problem gambling is normally identified by fixed criteria of harm adapted from those of substance abuse and by focusing on the individual gambler. However, rigid definitions neglect institutional variations of gambling practices within different legislative configurations. This study proposes analysing the line between recreational and problem gambling by focusing on gambling behaviour and looking at the corruption of the defining factors of play (Caillois, 1958) in three different institutional contexts. DESIGN – A stimulated focus-group method (Reception Analytical Group Interview) was applied to seven groups of Finnish and French general practitioners each and three groups of German ones to study the variations of conceptualising the defining factors of play as introduced by Caillois. RESULTS – Corruption of play was distinguished by participants from all three countries as the dividing line between recreational and problem gambling, but cultural variations were found: the French and German GPs emphasised the loss of the exceptionality of gambling, whereas the Finnish GPs highlighted the invasion of the home by online gambling. Furthermore, the Finnish and German participants were more concerned about the use of gambling as an emotional regulator, while French GPs echoed the French medical model in discussing the adrenaline rush of problem gamblers. CONCLUSIONS – Caillois’ defining factors of play can be used to distinguish recreational from problem gambling and to offer a more encompassing definition of problem gambling. The perception of the line between recreational and problem gambling also seems to depend on the institutional and cultural context.

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And that is Where the Fun Ends - General Practitioners' Conceptualisation of the Line Between Recreational and Problem Gambling

Abstract

AIMS - Problem gambling is normally identified by fixed criteria of harm adapted from those of substance abuse and by focusing on the individual gambler. However, rigid definitions neglect institutional variations of gambling practices within different legislative configurations. This study proposes analysing the line between recreational and problem gambling by focusing on gambling behaviour and looking at the corruption of the defining factors of play (Cail-lois, 1958) in three different institutional contexts. DESIGN - A stimulated focus-group method (Reception Analytical Group Interview) was applied to seven groups of Finnish and French general practitioners each and three groups of German ones to study the variations of conceptualising the defining factors of play as introduced by Caillois. RESULTS - Corruption of play was distinguished by participants from all three countries as the dividing line between recreational and problem gambling, but cultural variations were found: the French and German GPs emphasised the loss of the exceptionality of gambling, whereas the Finnish GPs highlighted the invasion of the home by online gambling. Furthermore, the Finnish and German participants were more concerned about the use of gambling as an emotional regulator, while French GPs echoed the French medical model in discussing the adrenaline rush of problem gamblers. CONCLUSIONS - Caillois' defining factors of play can be used to distinguish recreational from problem gambling and to offer a more encompassing definition of problem gambling. The perception of the line between recreational and problem gambling also seems to depend on the institutional and cultural context.

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Comorbid drug use disorders and eating disorders - a review of prevalence studies

. & Pletcher, M. J. & Liu, K. & Hulley, S. B. & Sidney, S. (2006): Marijuana use, diet, Body Mass Index, and cardiovascular risk factors. American Journal of Cardiology 98 (4): 478-484 Root, T. L. & Pinheiro, A. P. & Thornton, L. & Strober, M. & Fernandez-Aranda, F. & Brandt, H. & Crawford, S. & Fichter, M. M. & Halmi, K. A. & Johnson, C. & Kaplan, A. S. & Klump, K. L. & La Via, M. & Mitchell, J. & Woodside, D. B. & Rotondo, A. & Berrettini, W. H. & Kaye, W. H. & Bulik, C. M. (2010a): Substance use disorders in women with anorexia nervosa

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School Principals’ Work Stress in an Era of New Education Governance

Research. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology 1(1): 9–26. Weber, Andreas, Dieter Weltle, and Peter Lederer. 2005. Ill Health and Early Retirement Among School Principals in Bavaria. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 78(4): 325–331. Welmers John A. 2005. Predicting Principal’s Stress . Doctoral dissertation, Educational Leadership. East Carolina University, Greenville, NC. Whitaker, Kathryn S. 1992. The Elusive Phenomenon of Principal Burnout. NASSP Bulletin 76(547), 112–116. Whitaker, Kathryn S. 2003

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Beer, wine and distilled spirits in Ontario: A comparison of recent policies, regulations and practices

, Vancouver, British Columbia Tjonneland, A. & Gronbaek, M. & Stripp, C. & Overvad, K. (1999): Wine intake and diet in a random sample of 48763 Danish men and women. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 69: 49-54 Wine Council of Ontario. (2008): Buying Ontario wine makes cents. Retrieved from http://winecountryontario.ca/sites/default/files/pressrelease/kpmgstudy08.pdf Zimmerman, P. R. & Benson, B. L. (2007): Alcohol and rape: an "economics-of-crime" perspective. International Review of Law and

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Use of doping agents and symptoms of eating disorders among male and female patients in drug addiction treatment

-1775. Pope, H. G., Kanayama, G. & Hudson, J. I. (2012). Risk factors for illicit anabolic-androgenic steroid use in male weightlifters: A cross-sectional cohort study. Biological Psychiatry, 71 (3), 254-261. Rodondi, N., Pletcher, M. J., Liu, K., Hulley, S. B. & Sidney, S. (2006). Marijuana use, diet, Body Mass Index, and cardiovascular risk factors. American Journal of Cardiology, 98 (4), 478-484. Rohman, L. (2009). The relationship between anabolic androgenic steroids and muscle dysmorphia: A review. Eating Disorders, 17 (3), 187

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“America is the dream of so many things”
Images and experiences of German speaking au pairs in the United States

big dimensions of the country (including geography and cultural diversity) to an oversized, and hence, a criticized dimension of ‘the’ American lifestyle of an ‘affluent society’. 3 Food and eating habits Not surprisingly, as food is a very crucial part of one’s daily life and culture, this topic was very prominent throughout the whole study period. This concerned both the daily diet and social aspects, such as eating habits and table manners. This topic was often raised when the soon-to-be au pairs are asked what changes they expected in their new

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Ambivalent food experiences: Healthy eating and food changes in the lives of Ikojts with diabetes

with the Dakota: Reflections on Diabetes, Foods, and Culture’ In Ferreira, M.L. and G.C. Lang (eds.) Indigenous Peoples and Diabetes: Community Empowerment and Wellness, pp. 203-230. Durham, N.C.: Carolina Academic Press. OECD (2014) OECD Economic Surveys Mexico. January 2015 Overview. Roy, B. (2006) ‘Diabetes and Identity: Changes in the Food Habits of the Innu -- A Critical Look at Health Professionals’ Interventions Regarding Diet’ In Ferreira, M.L. and G.C. Lang (eds.) Indigenous Peoples and Diabetes: Community Empowerment and

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Prolegomena to the Romanian Sociology and Historiography of Food

-Dunăre, T. (1939) ‘Pescarii din Turtucaia’. SociologieRomânească, 4(4-6): 243-252. McIntosh, W.A. (1996) Sociologies of Food and Nutrition. New York [USA]: Plenum Press. Mennell, S., Murcott, A. and van Otterloo, A.H. (1992) The sociology of food: eating, diet, and culture. London [UK]: Sage. Moldovan, R.E. (1942) ‘Vieaţa economică a comunei Suseni’. Sociologie Românească, 4(7-12): 445-457. Morariu, T. (1942) ‘Păstoritul in Alpii francezi şi in Carpaţi’. Sociologie Românească, 4(7-12): 375

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