in older age are related to the advancing of age, being a female, divorcement and widowhood, living alone, low education and economical level, insomnia, the co-existence of a chronic illness and use of multiple drugs ( Chang-Quan et al., 2010 ; Çınar & Kartal 2008 ; Weyerer et al., 2008 ).
Some studies suggest that eating a Mediterranean diet may help prevent depression. A main finding of the review was that there seemed to be a strong association between eating a Mediterranean-style diet and a reduced risk of developing symptoms of depression or being
Joanna Rog, Kaja Karakuła, Agnieszka Próchnicka and Hanna Karakula-Juchnowicz
Introduction: Schizophrenia is a chronic mental disease which significantly affects functioning and quality of life of patients. Lifestyle, including irregular eating habits, is a factor possibly intensifying symptoms of the disease and unwanted effects of pharmacotherapy. Due to positive effect on metabolic parameters demonstrated in numerous studies and participation in structure and functioning of central nervous system, omega-3 essential unsaturated fatty acids (EFAs) are the suggested form of schizophrenia cotheraphy.
Aim: The purpose of this paper was to evaluate EFAs (especially omega-3 family) consumption by individuals with schizophrenia and comparing contents of these acids in the diets of female and male patients.
Method: A study was conducted with the participation of 32 patients, recruited in the Psychiatric Outpatient Department of the Independent Public Clinical Hospital No. 1 in Lublin, with diagnosed schizophrenia. Data concerning the intake of EFAs was acquired in the course of 24-hour diet recall.
Results: Average intake of omega-3 EFAs in the examined population was 2.40 ± 2.85 g, of which only 201.6 ± 501.5 mg was constituted by EPA and DHA acids. The intake of omega-3 EFAs did not differ between men and women groups (p>0.05). Food rations of the 91% responders were characterised with the intake of EPA and DHA acids below the adequate intake level (AI).
Conclusions: Patients suffering from schizophrenia consume insufficient amounts of EPA and DHA acids. Evidence suggests that optimum intake of omega-3 EFAs could bring significant benefits for this group of patients. People suffering from schizophrenia should be attended with the care of a dietician, who will choose optimum strategy for supplying sufficient amount of nutrients in the diet.
phenomenon and thereafter attempting to quantify future risk as a public health issue, with implications for diagnosis (through awareness) and resources. The works also speak to factors contributing to risk e.g. culture, gender, dieting, religion etc. as well as describing aspects of treatment in relation to hospitalized patients which included both review of outcomes, novel interventions and complications. The most recent contribution (a chapter) related to an area of work that spoke to my research and consequent data/ publications i.e. documenting the emergence of eating
Ahmed Waqas, Aqsa Iftikhar, Zahra Malik, Kapil Kiran Aedma, Hafsa Meraj and Sadiq Naveed
Abdulghani HM AlKanhal AA Mahmoud ES Ponnamperuma GG Alfaris EA. Stress and its effects on medical students: a cross-sectional study at a college of medicine in Saudi Arabia. J Health Popul Nutr 2011;29:516–22. Abdulghani HM AlKanhal AA Mahmoud ES Ponnamperuma GG Alfaris EA Stress and its effects on medical students: a cross-sectional study at a college of medicine in Saudi Arabia J Health Popul Nutr 2011 29 516 22
Ahmad W Taggart F Shafique MS Muzafar Y Abidi S Ghani N et al. Diet, exercise and mental-wellbeing of healthcare
I start with an immanent critique of Husserls 5th Cartesian Meditation that reveals the weakness of the constitutional Analysis in this text, especially in the view of genetic phenomenology. First I argue for a methodically differentiation in concern to different privileged parts of our lived body. Hands and feet seems to be much more suitable for analogical apperception than facial expressions, because we do not know so much about our own mimics. My special interest is a specific genetic phenomenological analysis of our access to the other that is oriented on the function of the type. The type somehow carries all our experiences with others in it and I will argue that the layers of this history are also functioning in every apperception of an other.
Joanna Tomaka, Hanna Karakuła-Juchnowicz, Justyna Morylowska-Topolska, Michał Dzikowski, Dariusz Juchnowicz, Marta Flis, Aleksandra Siek and Michał Próchnicki
al. Diagnosis of Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity (NCGS): The Salerno Experts' Criteria. Nutrients. 2015;7(6):4966-77.
28. Cooper BT., Holmes GK., Ferguson R., Thompson RA., Allan RN., Cooke WT. Gluten-sensitive diarrhea without evidence of celiac disease. Gastroenterology. 1980; 79: 801-806
29. Digiacomo, D.V., Tennyson, C.A., Green, P.H., & Demmer, R.T. Prevalence of gluten-free diet adherence among individuals without celiac disease in the USA: Results from the continuous national health and nutrition examination survey 2009
., Ibarra Jato M., Barroso García A., González Tejón S., Tajada Vitales C., Díaz Mújica B., Viñas Cabrera L., Sanchís Catalán R., Salvador Barbarroja T. The effectiveness of a program of physical activity and diet to modify cardiovascular risk factors in patients with severe mental illness after 3-month follow-up: CAPiCOR randomized clinical trial. Eur Psychiatry. 2015; 30(8): 1028-36.
7. Kraeuter A.K., Loxton H., Lima B.C., Rudd D., Sarnyai Z. Ketogenic diet reverses behavioral abnormalities in an acute NMDA receptor hypofunction model of schizophrenia. Schizophr
Małgorzata Futyma-Jędrzejewska, Hanna Karakuła-Juchnowicz and Ewelina Drzał
Pregnancy, childbirth and motherhood are new situations for women and require adjustment. Women suffering from schizophrenia require special attention due to the course of the disease. Physiological changes that occur in the body during pregnancy may be unacceptable for women suffering from schizophrenia. They may delusively deny the existence of the pregnancy, lead an unhealthy lifestyle (stimulants, poor diet, lack of gynaecological check-ups), which in turn causes an increased risk of complications. In the research conducted so far, it has been proven that three kinds of complications are associated with schizophrenia: complications concerning pregnancy itself (bleeding, diabetes, Rh-incompatibility, pre-eclampsia), intrauterine growth restriction (low birth weight, congenital malformations, small head circumference) and complications regarding labour (uterine atony, asphyxia, emergency Caesarean section). The course of the labour itself in this specific group of patients has not yet been sufficiently examined. It has also been proven that perinatal complications are one of the factors determining an increased risk of schizophrenia.
Ewelina Dziwota, Urszula Fałkowska, Katarzyna Adamczyk, Dorota Adamczyk, Alena Stefańska, Justyna Pawęzka and Marcin Olajossy
Rett syndrome is a neurodevelopmental genetic disorder and, because of some behavioral characteristics, individuals affected by the disease are known as silent angels. Girls with Rett syndrome perform stereotyped movements, they have learning difficulties, their reaction time is prolonged, and they seem alienated in the environment. These children require constant pediatric, neurological and orthopedic care. In the treatment of Rett syndrome physical therapy, music therapy, hydrotherapy, hippotherapy, behavioral methods, speech therapy and diet, are also used. In turn, psychological therapy of the syndrome is based on the sensory integration method, using two or more senses simultaneously. In 80% of cases, the syndrome is related to mutations of the MECP2 gene, located on chromosome X. The pathogenesis of Rett syndrome is caused by the occurrence of a non-functional MeCP2 protein, which is a transcription factor of many genes, i.e. Bdnf, mef2c, Sgk1, Uqcrc1. Abnormal expression of these genes reveals a characteristic disease phenotype. Clinical symptoms relate mainly to the nervous, respiratory, skeletal and gastrointestinal systems. Currently causal treatment is not possible. However, researchers are developing methods by which, perhaps in the near future, it will be possible to eliminate the mutations in the MECP2 gene, and this will give a chance to the patient for normal functioning.
The paper presents the etiology and pathogenesis of the disease, genetic, clinical, pharmacological aspects and other forms of Rett syndrome treatment.