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Non-alcoholic fatty pancreas disease – practices for clinicians

. TAJIMA K, SHIRAKAWA J, OKUYAMA T, KYOHARA M, YAMAZAKI S, TOGASHI Y et al. Effects of metformin on compensatory pancreatic β-cell hyperplasia in mice fed a high-fat diet. Am. J. Physiol. Metab. 2017; 313 (3): E367-E380. 91. REIMER R.A., GROVER G.J., KOETZNER L., GAHLER R.J., LYON M.R., WOOD S. Combining sitagliptin/metformin with a functional fiber delays diabetes progression in Zucker rats . J. Endocrinol. 2014; 220 (3): 361-373. 92. LEBOVITZ H.E., BANERJI M.A. Insulin resistance and its treatment by thiazolidinediones. Recent Prog. Horm. Res.2001

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Liraglutide exerts an anti-inflammatory action in obese patients with type 2 diabetes

., Yuan M. Inflammation and the IKK beta/I kappa B/NF-kappa B axis in obesity and diet-induced insulin resistance . Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 2003; 27 (Suppl 3):S49-52. 12. DEFRONZO RA., RATNER RE., HAN J., KIM DD., FINEMAN MS., BARON AD. Effects of exenatide (exendin-4) on glycemic control and weight over 30 weeks in metformin-treated patients with type 2 diabetes . Diabetes care 2005; 28 (5):1092-1100. 13. ROSENSTOCK J., BRAZG R., ANDRYUK PJ., LU K., STEIN P. Efficacy and safety of the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor sitagliptin added to ongoing

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Complementary and alternative medicine for rheumatic diseases

therapies (e.g., chiropractic, massage, reflexology), mind-based interventions and spiritual medicine (e.g., prayer, hypnotherapy, yoga, Tai Chi, Qi Gong), biologically based therapy (e.g., diet supplement and Herbs), energy therapies (e.g., magnets, Reiki, pulsed electric field), procedures (e.g., acupuncture, colon cleansing, mineral baths, chelation, hydrotherapy), and miscellaneous (e.g., copper bracelets, snake oil, leech therapy, dimethyl sulfoxide, venoms, exercise). A few of them are based on evidence. The manuscript reviewed evidence on CAM in various rheumatic

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Noninvasive Markers of Improvement of Liver Steatosis Achieved by Weight Reduction in Patients with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

, BORENGASSER SJ, BOOTH FW, IBDAH JA. Daily exercise increases hepatic fatty acid oxidation and prevents steatosis in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty rats. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2008; 294: G619-G626. 28. ROCHA R, COTRIM HP, CARVALHO FM, SIQUEIRA AC, BRAGA H, FREITAS LA. Body mass index and waist circumference in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. J Hum Nutr Diet 2005; 18: 365-370. 29. DESPRES JP, LEMIEUX I, BERGENON J, PIBAROT P, MATHIEU P, LAROSE E, RODÉS-CABAU J, BERTRAND OF, POIRIER P. Abdominal obesity and the metabolic

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Rheumatologic manifestations in celiac disease: what should we remember?

Gastroenterological Association medical position statement: Guidelines on osteoporosis in gastrointestinal diseases . Gastroenterology. 2003; 124 (3):791–4. 13. VILPPULA A, KAUKINEN K, LUOSTARINEN L, KREKELÄ I, PATRIKAINEN H, VALVE R, et al. Clinical benefit of gluten-free diet in screen-detected older celiac disease patients . BMC Gastroenterol. 2011; 11 (1):136. 14. BIBBÒ S, PES GM, USAI-SATTA P, SALIS R, SORO S, QUARTA COLOSSO BM, et al. Chronic autoimmune disorders are increased in coeliac disease: A case-control study . Medicine (Baltimore). 2017; 96 (47):e

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Iron deficiency anemia and megaloblastic anemia in obese patients

, BALFE A, MCMAHON C. Evaluation of serum transferring receptor assay in a centralized iron screening service . Clin Lab Haem. 2005; 27 : 190–4. 8. WISH JB. Assessing iron status: beyond serum ferritin and transferrin saturation . Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2006; 1 (Suppl): S4–S8. 9. MENZIE CM, YANOFF LB, DENKINGER BI, et al. Obesity-related hypoferremia is not explained by differences in reported intake of heme and nonheme iron or intake of dietary factors that can affect iron absorption . J Am Diet Assoc. 2008; 108 :145–148. 10. YANOFF LB, MENZIE

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Immunology in Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis

generalized urticaria and facial angioedema around 30 minutes afterwards. Of note, he had tolerated the same type of bread before without any problems and was on an unrestricted diet previously. Since then, he experienced similar episodes (>10 in the past 20 years) of variable severity after eating different types of foods. However, his reactions seemed to occur inconsistently and no consistent allergen was identified. He usually self-treated himself with over-the-counter anti-histamines. Most memorably, he recalled more severe reactions (generalized urticaria with wheeze

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Role of Microbiome in Rheumatic Diseases

in their gut flora [ 4 ]. Feeding with breast-milk containing different milk microbiota and maternal antibodies is another way that may affect the development of their gut flora [ 4 ]. During growth, the composition of the gut microbiota are affected by individual’s lifestyle, diet, and medication use [ 4 ]. Westernized diet with high-saturated fatty acids and sucrose, and low fiber, promote epithelial inflammation and stimulate the pathogenic bacterial growth inside the gut [ 6 ]. Frequent use of the antibiotics further affects the healthy commensals growth and

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The Assessment of short-term effect of L-Citrulline on endothelial function via FMD to NMD ratio in known CAD patients: A randomized, cross-over clinical trial (Clinical trial number: NCT02638727)

N., FROMENTIN G., et al . Metabolic evidence for adaptation to a high protein diet in rats. J Nutr. 2001; 131 (1):91-8. 12. JEREMY RW., MCCARRON H., SULLIVAN D. Effects of dietary L-arginine on atherosclerosis and endothelium-dependent vasodilatation in the hypercholesterolemic rabbit. Response according to treatment duration, anatomic site, and sex. Circulation. 1996; 94 (3):498-506. 13. SANCHEZ-GONZALEZ MA., KOUTNIK AP., RAMIREZ K., WONG A., FIGUEROA A. The effects of short term L-citrulline supplementation on wave reflection responses to

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Profiles of peptide YY and ghrelin, levels of hunger and satiety, and ad libitum intake in obese and non-obese Indonesian women

: Thomson, Belmont; 2010, p. 641-59. 10. BLUNDELL JE., FINLAYSON G., HALFORD J. Biology of Obesity: Eating behaviour. In: Kopelman PG, Caterson ID, Dietz WH, editors. Clinical Obesity in Adult and Children . 2 ed. Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishing; 2005, p. 137-48. 11. TRITOS NA., KOKKOTOU EG. The physiology and potential clinical applications of ghrelin, a novel peptide hormone . Mayo Clin Proc. 2006; 81 (5):653-60. 12. CUMMINGS DE., WEIGLE DS., FRAYO RS., BREEN PA., MA MK., DELLINGER EP., et al. Plasma ghrelin levels after diet-induced weight loss

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