Rositsa V. Sandeva, Stanislava M. Mihaylova, Gergana N. Sandeva, Katya Y. Trifonova and Ruska D. Popova-Katsarova
. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2010;97(1):101-6.
10. Zarfeshani A, Sokhini M, Mutalib A, Khaza'ai H. Evaluating of high fructose diet to induce hyperglycemia and its inflammatory complications in rats. Pak J Nutr. 2012;11(1):21.
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12. Martines C, Gonzales E, Garcia RS, Salas G, Constantino-Casas F, Macias L et al. Effects on body mass of laboratory rats after
Pavlina L. Gidikova, Gergana N. Sandeva, Kamelia H. Haracherova and Rositsa V. Sandeva
A person's weight depends on major factors like genetics, diet, and physical activity. Physical activity in adults is defined mainly by workload – light, moderate or heavy. The aim was to explore associations between weight and chronic non-infectious diseases in workers with different physical activity. The subjects included in the study were 224 male and 249 female employees, divided by workload based on their job description. Body mass index (BMI) and disease incidence were calculated, and statistical analysis was performed. The highest percentage of overweight and obese subjects was found in men with light workload. The mean BMI for men (27.434.85) was significantly higher than that for women (25.875.06). Analysis of obesity-associated diseases showed that in workers with higher BMI there was a higher incidence of endocrine disorders, musculoskeletal and related neurological diseases. Diseases of the circulatory system were highly prevalent in both overweight/obese and underweight employees. In conclusion, physical activity at work contributes to changes in BMI in the working population. Obesity-associated circulatory, endocrine and musculoskeletal diseases were highly prevalent in the groups with higher BMI. The prevalence in employees without diseases was in inverse relation to BMI.
Daniela Y. Arabadzhieva, Zhaneta T. Georgieva, Ara G. Kaprelyan and Zdravko D. Slavov
The aim of the investigation was to analyze the correlation between myocardial infarction and ischemic heart disease, on the one hand, and acute ischemic stroke (AIS), on the other hand. We studied 258 AIS patients (mean age 70.9±7.22 years, range 49-92 years) hospitalized in 2007-2013 in the First Clinic of Neurology, St. Marina University Hospital of Varna. The diagnosis of acute ischemic stroke was confirmed by Doppler sonography and computed tomography of the cerebral circulation. Data were statistically processed by variation and correlation analysis. Our results proved a relatively strong correlation between effort angina pectoris and ischemic heart disease (Pearson's coefficient: r=0.643) as well as a weak correlation between ischemic heart disease and myocardial infarction (Pearson's coefficient: r=0.243) among acute ischemic stroke patients. The well-known risk factors for these cardiovascular diseases such as obesity, tobacco smoking, low physical activity and alcohol abuse were common among the patients with acute ischemic stroke, too. In conclusion, both myocardial infarction and ischemic heart disease are strongly associated with the development of acute ischemic stroke. Such patients require strict and regular control by general practitioners. They should observe an appropriate diet and adhere to a healthy life-style.
Katerina D. Simeonova, Krassimir D. Dimitrov and Nikolay D. Danchev
hypertension. Mol Aspects Med. 2003;24 (1-3):107-36.
5. Adrian M, Chanut E, Laurant P, Gaume V, Berthelot A. A long-term moderate magnesium-deficient diet aggravates cardiovascular risks associated with aging and increases mortality in rats. J Hypertens. 2008;26(1):44-52.
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Tsvetelina V. Petkova-Marinova, Boryana K. Ruseva and Bisera D. Atanasova
21. Bates CJ, Thane CW, Prentice A, Delves HT. Selenium status and its correlates in a British national diet and nutrition survey: people aged 65 years and over. J Trace Elem Med Biol. 2002;16(1):1-8.
22. Semba RD, Ferrucci L, Cappola AR, Ricks MO, Ray AL, Xue QL, et al. Low serum selenium is associated with anemia among older women living in the community: The Women’s Health and Aging Studies I and II. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2006;112(2):97-107. doi:10.1385/BTER:112:2:97.
23. Semba RD, Ricks MO, Ferrucci L, Xue QL, Guralnik JM, Fried
Rositsa V. Sandeva, Stanislava M. Mihaylova and Gergana N. Sandeva
, Perello M, Sakata I, Osborne-Lawrence S, Savitt JM, Lutter M, et al. Ghrelin mediates stress-induced food-reward behavior in mice. J Clin Invest. 2011;121(7): 2684-92.
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