Search Results

1 - 10 of 210 items :

  • Basic Medical Science, other x
Clear All
Effects of indoor cycling associated with diet on body composition and serum lipids

. Dekker Inc., NY. Christakis N.A., J.H. Fowler (2007) The spread of obesity in a large social network over 32 years. New Engl.J. Med. 357:370-379. Flocke S.A., A. Clark, K. Schlessman, G. Pomiecko (2005) Exercise, diet, and weight loss advice in the family medicine outpatient setting. Fam.Med. 37:415-421. Hubert H.B. M. Feinleib, P.M. Mcnamara, W.P. Castelli (1983) Obesity as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease: a 26-year follow-up of participants in the Framingham Heart

Open access
Enkephalinase activity is modified and correlates with fatty acids in frontal cortex depending on fish, olive or coconut oil used in the diet

-dye binding. Anal Biochem 72, 248–254, 1976. Chang GQ, Karatayev O, Ahsan R, Gaysinskaya V, Marwil Z, Leibowitz SF. Dietary fat stimulates endogenous enkephalin and dynorphin in the paraventricular nucleus: role of circulating triglycerides. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 292, E561–E570, 2007. Chang GQ, Karatayev O, Barson JR, Chang SY, Leibowitz SF. Increased encephalin in brain of rats prone to overconsuming a fat-rich diet. Physiol Behav 101, 360–369, 2010. Corder G, Castro DC, Bruchas MR, Scherrer G. Endogenous and exogenous opioids in pain. Annu Rev

Open access
The C-514T polymorphism of hepatic lipase gene modulates the impact of a high carbohydrate diet on lipid profile in healthy Chinese young adults

References 1. Margolis S, Dobs AS. Nutritional management of plasma lipid disorders. J Am Coll Nutr. 1989; 8 Suppl: 33S-45S. 2. Perez-Jimenez F, Lopez-Miranda J, Mata P. Protective effect of dietary monounsaturated fat on arteriosclerosis: beyond cholesterol. Atherosclerosis. 2002; 163:385-98. 3. Dreon DM, Fernstrom HA, Miller B, Krauss RM. Low-density lipoprotein subclass patterns and lipoprotein response to a reduced-fat diet in men. Faseb J. 1994; 8:121-6. 4. Kasim-Karakas SE, Almario RU

Open access
Evidence of growth hormone effect on plasma leptin in diet-induced obesity and diet-resistant rats

Center, Mahidol University, and individually housed in conventional hanging cages with stainless steel wire mesh floors (33 cm × 18 cm × 20 cm) under standard condition(12 h/12 h light/dark cycle, 22 ± 1°C). All rats were allowed to acclimatize to the experimental condition for at least 2 weeks before starting the experiment. The rats were fed standard diet rat chow (#082; Perfect Companion Group Ltd., Samutprakarn, Thailand; protein 24%, carbohydrate 42%, fat 4.5%, energy 3.04 kcal/g, energy from fat 13%) and water ad libitum . During the 6 weeks of obesity

Open access
Low-grade chronic inflammation perpetuated by modern diet as a promoter of obesity and osteoporosis

References 1. Cordain L, Eaton SB, Sebastian A, Mann N, Lindeberg S, Watkins BA, O’Keefe JH, Brand-Miller J. Origins and evolution of the western diet: Health implications for the 21st century. Am J Clin Nutr 2005;81:341-54. PMID: 15699220 2. Simopoulos AP. The importance of the omega-6/omega-3 fatty acid ratio in cardiovascular disease and other chronic diseases. Exp Biol Med (Maywood) 2008;233:674-88. doi: 10.3181/0711-MR-311 3. Simopoulos AP. Evolutionary aspects of diet, the omega-6/ omega-3 ratio and

Open access
Differences in Peak Bone Density Between Male and Female Students

Clin Nutr 1985;42:270-4. Heaney RP, Weaver CM, Fitzsimmons ML. Soybean phytate content: effect on calcium absorption. Am J Clin Nutr 1991;53:745-7. Barbosa JC, Shultz TD, Filley SJ, Nieman DC. The relationship among adiposity, diet, and hormone concentrations in vegetarian and nonvegetarian postmenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr 1990;51:798-803. New SA, Bolton-Smith C, Grubb DA, Reid DM. Nutritional influences on bone mineral density: a cross-sectional study in premenopausal women. Am J

Open access
The Effect of Diet Supplemented with Dandelion’s (Taraxacum Officinale) Extract on the Productive and Blood Parameters of Common Carp (Cyprinus Carpio L.), Cultivated in the Recirculation System

, growth performance and whole body composition of common carp, Cyprinus carpio fed on diet containing wood betony, Stachys lavandulifolia extract. J Agr Sci Tech. 16, 1565-1574. 14. Tan, X., Sun, Z., Chen, S., Chen, S., Huang, Z., Zhou, C., ... Ye, C. (2017). Effects of dietary dandelion extracts on growth performance, body composition, plasma biochemical parameters, immune responses and disease resistance of juvenile golden pompano Trachinotus ovatus. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 66, 198-206. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2017.05.028 PMid:28499965 15. Park, C

Open access
Ageing, Arterial Blood Pressure, Body Mass Index, and Diet

Ageing, Arterial Blood Pressure, Body Mass Index, and Diet

For three decades we followed up for longevity indicators, including diet, arterial blood pressure, and body mass index 379 mobile, long-living persons from Croatia, now aged 70 to 92 years, of whom 167 men aged (78.6±4.0) years and 212 women aged (77.9±4.1) years. One hundred and ninety-five were from the continental and 184 from the coastal Croatia. The participants were examined in 1972, 1982, and again in 2006/7. Changes in body mass index (BMI), arterial blood pressure (ABP), and in answers to our Food Frequency Questionnaire about dietary habits were analysed using log-linear models. Over the last 24 years of aging (age 55 to 78 years) the subjects showed a statistically significant decrease in body mass and height and a significant increase in the systolic blood pressure. Diastolic blood pressure and BMI showed no significant changes over this period. Consumption of preserved and fresh meat, bread, and starch (potato, pastry and rice) dropped significantly with age, while the consumption of fish, fresh and cooked vegetables, fruit, and dairy products significantly increased. These dietary changes were not associated with changes in the systolic and diastolic ABP. About 80 % were overweight (BMI >25 kg m-2) throughout the follow-up, even though their body mass dropped significantly after the age of 55. However, their survival suggests that BMI may not be the best indicator of longevity or healthy aging.

Open access
A high-MUFA diet alone does not affect ketone body metabolism, but reduces glycated hemoglobin when combined with exercise training in diabetic rats

levels of ketone bodies may evoke a serious metabolic complication known as diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) [ 1 ]. Lifestyle interventions for the management of diabetes mellitus fundamentally involve exercise and diet. Exercise training is broadly known to have beneficial effects on glycemic control in diabetic patients by improving glucose tolerance, decreasing pancreatic β cell workload and improving insulin sensitivity [ 2 ]. Exercise training can improve glucose homeostasis and fatty acid and ketone metabolism in animal models of diabetes. These include decreased

Open access
Sex and salt intake dependent renin-angiotensin plasticity in the liver of the rat

human liver disease and has antifibrotic activity in the bile-duct-ligated rat. Clin Sci (Lond) 117, 375–386, 2009. Lyngso C, Erikstrup N, Hansen JL. Functional interactions between 7TM receptors in the renin-angiotensin system--dimerization or crosstalk? Mol Cell Endocrinol 302, 203–212, 2009. Mao C, Liu R, Bo L, Chen N, Li S, Xia S, Chen J, Li D, Zhang L, Xu Z. High-salt diets during pregnancy affected fetal and offspring renal renin-angiotensin system. J Endocrinol 218, 61–73, 2013. Matsusaka T, Niimura F, Shimizu A, Pastan I, Saito A, Kobori H

Open access