Yeltay Rakhmanov, Paolo Enrico Maltese, Stefano Paolacci, Carla Marinelli and Matteo Bertelli
sclerosing glomerulopathy), diabetesmellitus ( 2 ), varicose veins, cleft palate, extradural cysts, congenital heart defects (tetralogy of Fallot, ventricular septal defects), ocular findings, such as photophobia, exotropia, droopy eyelids (ptosis), ectropion and cataracts ( 3 , 4 ).
The estimated prevalence of LD is currently unknown.
The clinical diagnosis of LD is based on: primary lymphedema (chronic swelling of the extremities caused by intrinsic dysfunction of the lymphatic vessels); distichiasis (aberrant and/or extra row of eyelashes originating from the
Antonio Malvasi, Andrea Tinelli, Domenico Baldini, Rossana G. Iannitti and Bernard Fioretti
, neural tube closure and the prevention of neural tube defects Birth Defects Res 2017 Jan 30 109 2 68 80
7 Farren M, Daly N. The Prevention of Gestational DiabetesMellitus With Antenatal Oral Inositol Supplementation: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Diabetes Care. 2017 Jun;40(6):759-763. 10.2337/dc16-2449 28325784
Farren M Daly N The Prevention of Gestational DiabetesMellitus With Antenatal Oral Inositol Supplementation: A Randomized Controlled Trial Diabetes Care 2017 40 6 759 763
8 Brown J, Crawford TJ. Dietary supplementation with myo
Samuel O. Onoja, Glory C. Onyebuchi, Ifeoma I. Ijeh and Maxwell I. Ezeja
practice with suspected anti-inflammatory activity ( 7 ).
Helianthus annuus Linn. belong to the family Asteraceae. It has wide folkloric uses in the ethnomedical practice of South Eastern Nigeria, India and Pakistan ( 8 ). The plant is used in the treatment of pyrexia, inflammation, worm infestation, diabetesmellitus and other stomach problems ( 9 ). The phytochemical screening of the leaf have reported the presences of alkaloids, saponins, glycosides, terpenes, sterols, tannins and flavonoids ( 10 , 11 ). Bioactive compounds such as Helivypolide G, annuionones a, b
Peter M. Eze, Joy C. Nnanna, Ugochukwu Okezie, Happiness S. Buzugbe, Chika C. Abba, Chidimma R. Chukwunwejim, Festus B. C. Okoye and Charles O. Esimone
plants in the search for biologically active molecules.
Newbouldia laevis (Bignoniaceae), Ocimum gratissimum (Lamiaceae), and Carica papaya (Caricaceae) are medicinal plants commonly found in Nigeria. These plants have been used ethnomedicinally in the treatment of several disease conditions including ulcers, burns, diarrhea, bleeding, haemorrhoids, dysentery, abdominal pains, cough, colds, pruritus, stress, headache, pneumonia, conjunctivitis, diabetesmellitus, epilepsy and convulsions ( 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 , 12 ).
At present, one of the major reasons of death in the world is cardiovascular disease (CVD), related to the epidemiological transition of unhealthy lifestyles such as smoking habits, diabetesmellitus and obesity [ 1 , 2 ]. Atrial and ventricular arrhythmias are two important factors in cardiovascular disease of which cardiac rhythm disorder and heartbeat abnormalities are great public challenges in developed countries. It can be said that the variations in the heart cellular electrophysiology are the main cause for arrhythmias, as common causes
Leslie D. Montgomery, Richard W. Montgomery, Wayne A. Gerth, Marty Loughry, Susie Q. Lew and Manuel T. Velasquez
circulatory changes for individual patients during HD we provide the results of two very different patients below. The results of BIS and CritLine® along with simultaneous BP and hemodynamic (blood flow) measurements were obtained in the two ESKD patients:
1) Patient Type A, a 57-yr old male with long-standing hypertension and past medical history of congestive heart failure and
2) Patient Type B, a 26 year old male with long-standing type-1 diabetesmellitus complicated by severe diabetic autonomic neuropathy, diabetic retinopathy, and diabetic nephropathy.
and clinical implications of red cell aggregation. Clin Hemorheol Microcirc. 1987;7(1): 71-91.
 Cho YI, Mooney MP, Cho DJ. Hemorheological Disorders in DiabetesMellitus. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2008;2(6):1130-1138.
 Yu FTH, Armstrong JK, Tripette J, et al. A local increase in red blood cell aggregation can trigger deep vein thrombosis: evidence based on quantitative cellular ultrasound imaging. J Thromb Haemost. 2011;9(3): 481-488.
 Baskurt OK, Uyuklu M, Ozdem S, Meiselman HJ. Measurement of red blood cell aggregation in disposable
Natália T. Bellafronte, Marina R. Batistuti, Nathália Z. dos Santos, Héric Holland, Elen A. Romão and Paula G. Chiarello
fasting period of 12 h [ 8 ]. For the HD group, the fasting period was of 2 h. Measurements were always made with a drained abdominal cavity and up to 15 minutes after HD mid-week session.
Clinical data from non-CKD and CKD groups were obtained through interviews and medical records, respectively. Patients in the PD group were under automated PD (60%) or continuous ambulatory PD (40%). Patients in HD were treated through arteriovenous fistula, three times a week with 4-h sessions. The criteria used for diagnosis of CKD, diabetesmellitus (DM), and systemic arterial