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Progress in clinical research complicated infection with diabetes mellitus

D., Kanavidis P., Machairas A., Current concepts in the management of necrotizing fasciitis, Front. Surg., 2014, 1, 36-45. 25593960 Misiakos E. Bagias G. Patapis P. Sotiropoulos D. Kanavidis P. Machairas A. Current concepts in the management of necrotizing fasciitis Front. Surg 2014 1 36 – 45 [21] Ogawa A., Shikata K., Uchida H.A., Shinoura S., Yokomichi N., Ogawa D., Case of emphysematous cholecystitis in a patient with type 2 diabetes mellitus associated with schizophrenia, J. Diabetes Investig., 2012, 3(6), 534-535. 10.1111/j

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GLP-1 localisation and proglucagon gene expression in healthy and diabetic mouse ileum

Introduction Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disease characterised by hyperglycaemia because of insulin resistance or pancreatic β-cell failure ( 10 ). Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is an incretin hormone that mainly stimulates insulin secretion after oral food intake ( 11 ). It is a polypeptide synthesised from proglucagon, which is encoded by the glucagon or proglucagon gene (GCG). In addition to being used for synthesising GLP-1, proglucagon, which contains 160 amino acids, is used for synthesising glucagon, glicentin, oxyntomodulin, glicentin

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Ameliorative effects of Helianthus annuus against nephrotoxic, cardiac, and haematological disorders in alloxan-induced hyperglycaemia in albino rats

Introduction The development and progression of diabetes and its complication are linked to chronic inflammatory conditions. Increased expressions of systemic inflammatory markers are associated with the pathogenesis of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes ( 12 ). Macro- and microvascular complications of diabetes are mediated by inflammatory processes, thus prevention or treatment of inflammation will inhibit, retrogress, and/or ameliorate the complications of diabetes mellitus (DM) ( 14 ). Most antidiabetic drugs have been reported to possess anti

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Correlation between the invasive fungal infection among and their blood glucose levels

), cardiovascular diseases (13 cases), drug poisoning (3 cases), multi-organ function failures (2 cases), and other diseases (1 case). The inclusion criteria included (1) length of stay at the ICU ≥2 days and (2) age of patient >20 years. The exclusion criteria were (1) diabetes mellitus and (2) invasive fungal infection prior to admission to the ICU. We obtained fasting venous blood samples from the patients to determine their BGLs in the morning. The patients were grouped as follows: (1) Group A: BGL ≤ 6.1 mmol/L; (2) Group B: 6.1 mmol/L W BGL ≤ 10.0 mmol/L; and (3) Group C

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Treatment of tuberculosis infection complicated with liver transplant

is less likely to occur with only a few cases reported [ 6 , 11 ], and the third accounts for 5% of all the cases with active TB after an organ transplant [ 8 ]. The risk factors for an infection of active TB in SOT patients mainly involve [ 1 , 5 ] whether the patients are aged, AB blood type, non-white, or complicated with other diseases, such as chronic renal failure, hematodialysis, chronic liver disease, diabetes mellitus, graft rejection, and have received immunosuppressants [ 12 ]. Purified protein derivative (PPD)-positive before and after transplant and

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Factors Associated with Death Due to 2009 Influenza A (H1N1) Virus Infection and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Beijing, 2009 - 2011


Objective Patients with H1N1 virus infection were hospitalized and quarantined, and some of them developed into acute respiratory failure, and were transfered to the medical intensive care unit of Beijing Ditan Hospital, Capital Medical University in Beijing, China.

Methods The clinical features and preliminary epidemiologic findings among 30 patients with confirmed H1N1 virus infection who developed into acute respiratory failure for ventilatory support were investigated.

Results A total of 30 patients (37.43 ± 18.80 years old) with 2009 influenza A (H1N1) related acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) received treatment with mechanical ventilation, 15 cases of whom were male and 17 cases died of ARDS. Fatal cases were significantly associated with an APACHE Ⅱ score (P = 0.016), but not with PaO2/FIO2 (P = 0.912) and chest radiograph (P = 0.333). The most common complication was acute renal failure (n = 9). Five patients received extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), 3 of whom died and the others survived. The major causes of death were multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) (39%), intractable respiratory failure (27%) and sepsis (20%).

Conclusions Most patients with respiratory failure due to influenza A (H1N1) virus infection were young, with a high mortality, particularly associated with APACHE ∥ score, secondary infection of lung or type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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Clinical Characteristics in Patients with Liver Cirrhosis Induced by HBV Infection and Combined with Mild Alcohol Intake

References 1. Bruix J, Boix L, Sala M, Llovet JM. Focus on hepatocellular carcinoma. Cancer Cell 2004;5(3):215-219. 2. Hassan MM, Hwang LY, Hatten CJ, Swaim M, Li D, Abbruzzese JL, et al. Risk factors for hepatocellular carcinoma: Synergism of alcohol with viral hepatitis and diabetes mellitus. Hepatology 2002;36(5):1206-1213. 3. Matsuzaki Y. Alcohol abuse and occult HBV-a risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma. Hepatol Res 2005;32(1):66-70. 4. Baglin MC, Bernot JL, Bremond JL, Lamy J, Leroux

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Physiological Values of P-Wave Dispersion in Silesian Breed Horses and Polish Primitive Horses

., Duzenli M.A., Vatankulu M.A., Soylu A., Ulgen M.S.: The Effect of diabetes mellitus on the P-wave dispersion. Circ J 2007, 71 , 880-883. 26. Yücel O., Yıldız M., Altınkaynak S., Sayan A.: P-wave dispersion and P-wave duration in children with stable asthma bronchiale. Anadolu Kardiyol Derg 2009, 9 , 118-122.

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Influence of caffeine used at various temperature ranges on the concentrations of glucose and total serum protein as well as body weight gain in pregnant rats

health. Food Addit Contam 2003, 20, 1-30. 18. Nehlig A.: Are we dependent upon coffee and caffeine? A review on human and animal data. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 1999, 23, 563-676. 19. Pereira M.A., Parker E.D., Folsom A.R.: Coffee consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus: an 11-year prospective study of 28 812 postmenopausal women. Arch Intern Med 2006, 166, 1311-1316. 20. Zhang Y., Tuft R.A., Lifshitz L.M., Fogarty K.E., Singer J.J., Zou H.: Caffeine-activated large-conductance plasma membrane cation channels in

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Role of insulin during the development of oligofructose (OF)-induced equine laminitis

endothelin-1 expression in the equine digit. Equine Vet J 2013, 45, 613-8. 8. Ivy J.L.: Role of exercise training in the prevention, treatment of insulin resistance and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Sports Med 1997, 24, 321-336. 9. Jong W.Y., Seung K.S.: The production of high-content fructooligosaccharides from sucrose by the mixed-enzyme system of fructosyltransferase and glucose oxidase. Biotechnol Lett 1993, 15, 573-576. 10. Katz L.M., Bailey S.R.: A review of recent advances and current hypotheses on the

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