Jiangeng Han, Xin Wang, Zheng Chen, Ning Gao and Chen Wang
D., Kanavidis P., Machairas A., Current concepts in the management of necrotizing fasciitis, Front. Surg., 2014, 1, 36-45. 25593960 Misiakos E. Bagias G. Patapis P. Sotiropoulos D. Kanavidis P. Machairas A. Current concepts in the management of necrotizing fasciitis Front. Surg 2014 1 36 – 45
 Ogawa A., Shikata K., Uchida H.A., Shinoura S., Yokomichi N., Ogawa D., Case of emphysematous cholecystitis in a patient with type 2 diabetesmellitus associated with schizophrenia, J. Diabetes Investig., 2012, 3(6), 534-535. 10.1111/j
Diabetesmellitus (DM) is a metabolic disease characterised by hyperglycaemia because of insulin resistance or pancreatic β-cell failure ( 10 ). Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is an incretin hormone that mainly stimulates insulin secretion after oral food intake ( 11 ). It is a polypeptide synthesised from proglucagon, which is encoded by the glucagon or proglucagon gene (GCG). In addition to being used for synthesising GLP-1, proglucagon, which contains 160 amino acids, is used for synthesising glucagon, glicentin, oxyntomodulin, glicentin
Samuel Okwudili Onoja, Samuel Chukwuneke Udem and Aruh Ottah Anaga
The development and progression of diabetes and its complication are linked to chronic inflammatory conditions. Increased expressions of systemic inflammatory markers are associated with the pathogenesis of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes ( 12 ). Macro- and microvascular complications of diabetes are mediated by inflammatory processes, thus prevention or treatment of inflammation will inhibit, retrogress, and/or ameliorate the complications of diabetesmellitus (DM) ( 14 ). Most antidiabetic drugs have been reported to possess anti
Jiangeng Han, Xin Wang, Weiyi Chai, Kunbin Liu and Chen Wang
), cardiovascular diseases (13 cases), drug poisoning (3 cases), multi-organ function failures (2 cases), and other diseases (1 case). The inclusion criteria included (1) length of stay at the ICU ≥2 days and (2) age of patient >20 years. The exclusion criteria were (1) diabetesmellitus and (2) invasive fungal infection prior to admission to the ICU. We obtained fasting venous blood samples from the patients to determine their BGLs in the morning. The patients were grouped as follows: (1) Group A: BGL ≤ 6.1 mmol/L; (2) Group B: 6.1 mmol/L W BGL ≤ 10.0 mmol/L; and (3) Group C
is less likely to occur with only a few cases reported [ 6 , 11 ], and the third accounts for 5% of all the cases with active TB after an organ transplant [ 8 ]. The risk factors for an infection of active TB in SOT patients mainly involve [ 1 , 5 ] whether the patients are aged, AB blood type, non-white, or complicated with other diseases, such as chronic renal failure, hematodialysis, chronic liver disease, diabetesmellitus, graft rejection, and have received immunosuppressants [ 12 ]. Purified protein derivative (PPD)-positive before and after transplant and
Jin-qian Zhang, Li-cheng Zhang, Na Ren, Ming Zhang, Li-min Guo, Xing-wang Li and Jun Cheng
Objective Patients with H1N1 virus infection were hospitalized and quarantined, and some of them developed into acute respiratory failure, and were transfered to the medical intensive care unit of Beijing Ditan Hospital, Capital Medical University in Beijing, China.
Methods The clinical features and preliminary epidemiologic findings among 30 patients with confirmed H1N1 virus infection who developed into acute respiratory failure for ventilatory support were investigated.
Results A total of 30 patients (37.43 ± 18.80 years old) with 2009 influenza A (H1N1) related acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) received treatment with mechanical ventilation, 15 cases of whom were male and 17 cases died of ARDS. Fatal cases were significantly associated with an APACHE Ⅱ score (P = 0.016), but not with PaO2/FIO2 (P = 0.912) and chest radiograph (P = 0.333). The most common complication was acute renal failure (n = 9). Five patients received extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), 3 of whom died and the others survived. The major causes of death were multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) (39%), intractable respiratory failure (27%) and sepsis (20%).
Conclusions Most patients with respiratory failure due to influenza A (H1N1) virus infection were young, with a high mortality, particularly associated with APACHE ∥ score, secondary infection of lung or type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Ha-lida Xiaerfuhazi, Hai-lin Ma, Xiu-jiang Shi, Xiao-tang Fan, Xi-ernayi Abuduheilili and Fang-ping He
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Katarzyna Michlik, Agnieszka Noszczyk-Nowak, Urszula Pasławska, Izabela Janus and Józef Nicpoń
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Monika Cendrowska-Pinkosz, Iwona Łuszczewska-Sierakowska, Wojciech Dworzański, Marek Tomaszewski, Magdalena Krauze, Agnieszka Magdalena Grzebalska, Barbara Madej-Czerwonka and Franciszek Burdan
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Renli Jiang, Li Gao, Guanying Wang, Xinran Li, Yue Li, Xiaojing Fan, Xu Liu, Jinglu Wang, Yu Zhang, Xiangxing Kong and Jianhua Xiao
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