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Logical Ideas of Jan Łukasiewicz

Abstract

This paper discusses the main logical ideas put forward by Jan Łukasiewicz within their historical context and further development.

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The Analogy in Decision-Making and the Implicit Association Bias Effect

References 1. Breuning, M. The Role of Analogies and Abstract Reasoning in Decision-Making: Evidence from the Debate over Truman’s Proposal for Development Assistance, International Studies Quarterly 47 (2), 2003, pp. 229-245. 2. Brunel, F., Tietje, B., Greenwald, A. Is the Implicit Association Test a Valid and Valuable Measure of Implicit Consumer Social Cognition? 2003. 3. Gentner, D., & Loewenstein, J. Learning: Analogical Reasoning. Encyclopedia of Education, Second Edition , New York: Macmillia, 2003. 4. Gentner, D. & Maravilla

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Evolutionary Perspectives on Unbelief: An Introduction from the Editor

Can Tell Us More About Religion than Cognitive Accounts Can, In H. van Eyghen, G. van den Brink, & R. Peels (eds.), New Developments in the Cognitive Science of Religion , Cham: Springer, 2018, pp. 93-108. 30. Urgesi, C., Aglioti, S. M., Skrap, M., & Fabbro, F. The Spiritual Brain: Selective Cortical Lesions Modulate Human Self-Transcendence, Neuron 65 (3), 2010, pp. 309-319. 31. Van Eyghen, H. Religious Belief is Not Natural. Why Cognitive Science of Religion does not show that Religious Belief is Trustworthy, Studia Humana 5 (4), 2016, pp. 34

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How the Non-Religious View the Personality of God in Relation to Themselves

Assessment 4 (1), 1992, pp. 5–13. 19. Davis, E. B., Moriarty, G. L., & Mauch, J. C. God images and god concepts: Definitions, development, and dynamics, Psychology of Religion and Spirituality 5 (1), 2013, pp. 51–60. 20. Davis, M. H., Conklin, L., Smith, A., & Luce, C. Effect of Perspective Taking on the cognitive Representation of Persons: A Merging of Self and Other, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 70 (4), 1996, pp. 713–726. 21. De Raad, B. The replicability of the Big Five personality dimensions in three word-classes of the Dutch

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Religious Intuitions and the Nature of “Belief”

References 1. Aarnio, K., Lindeman, M. Religious people and paranormal believers: Alike or different? Journal of Individual Differences 28 (1), 2007, pp. 1-9. 2. Bagozzi, R. P., Tybout, A. M., Craig, C. S., & Sternthal, B. The construct validity of the tripartite classification of attitudes, Journal of Marketing Research 16 (1), 1979, pp. 88-95. 3. Banerjee, K., Bloom, P. “Everything happens for a reason”: Children’s beliefs about purpose in life events, Child Development 86 (2), 2015, pp. 503-518. 4. Bargh, J. A., Chartrand, T. L

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Selected Ethical Issues in Artificial Intelligence, Autonomous System Development and Large Data Set Processing

Abstract

Due to information technology development and its industrial adaptation, the dilemmas so far specific to philosophical speculations and science-fiction literature and films have become the real problems of the contemporary world. On one hand, these issues are related to an unprecedented scale on which computational algorithms are currently used as well as a level of complexity of mutual connections; on the other hand, these are linked to their autonomous behavior. States, industry, and users themselves demand formulation of understandable ethical categories and determination of transparency standards and legal norms for these algorithms’ functioning in the near future.

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Developments in the Syntax and Logic of the Talmudic Hermeneutic Kelal Uferaṭ Ukelal

References 1. Botterweck, G. J., and H. Ringgren (eds.). Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament , trans. by J. T. Willis, (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdemans Publishing Company, 1975, revised edition 1977), vol. 2, s.v. בית. 2. Chernick, M. The Development of Kelal u-Ferat u-Kelal Hermeneutics , Tarbiz (Hebrew), v. LII, (Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 1982). 3. Chernick, M. לחקר מידות בלל ופר וכלל וריבוי (Eng., Hermeneutical Studies ), Lod: Haberman Institute, 1984. 4. Bar Ilan Digitalized Responsa Project, version 24+, Enzyklopedia

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The Genesis of Arabic Logical Activities: From Syriac Rhetoric and Jewish Hermeneutics to āl-Šāfi‘y’s Logical Techniques

: Pennsylvania University Press, 2004. 28. Badawi, A. Arisṭuṭālīs: āl-Khiṭaba . Dar āl-Qalam: Beirut, 1979. 29. Berg, H. The Development of Exegesis in early Islam , London and New York: Routledge-Curzon, 2000. 30. Biesen, K. D. Simple and Bold: Ephrem's Art of Symbolic Thought , New Jersey: Gorgias Press, 2006. 31. Bravmann, M. M. The Spiritual Background of Early Islam , Leiden: Brill, 1972. 32. Brock, S. P. A Brief Outline of Syriac Literature , India: Deepka Offset Printers, 1997. 33. Cadler, N. Ikhtilâf and Ijmâ' in Shâfi'î 's

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Philosophical Problems of Foundations of Logic

calculus”, Reports of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR 181.1 (1968): 33-34 (in Russian). 65. Jeffery, R., Formal Logic: its Scope and its Limits. 3rd ed. McGraw Hill, 1990. 66. Karpenko, A.S., Logic on the Boundary of Millenia”, Logical Investigations [Logicheskie issledovania] 7 (2000): 7-60 (in Russian). 67. Karpenko, A.S., “Subject of Logic in the Light of the Main Trends of its Development”, Logical Investigations [Logicheskie issledovania] 11 (2004): 149-171 (in Russian). 68. Karpenko, A.S., “Modern

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