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Selected Ethical Issues in Artificial Intelligence, Autonomous System Development and Large Data Set Processing

Abstract

Due to information technology development and its industrial adaptation, the dilemmas so far specific to philosophical speculations and science-fiction literature and films have become the real problems of the contemporary world. On one hand, these issues are related to an unprecedented scale on which computational algorithms are currently used as well as a level of complexity of mutual connections; on the other hand, these are linked to their autonomous behavior. States, industry, and users themselves demand formulation of understandable ethical categories and determination of transparency standards and legal norms for these algorithms’ functioning in the near future.

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Developments in the Syntax and Logic of the Talmudic Hermeneutic Kelal Uferaṭ Ukelal

References 1. Botterweck, G. J., and H. Ringgren (eds.). Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament , trans. by J. T. Willis, (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdemans Publishing Company, 1975, revised edition 1977), vol. 2, s.v. בית. 2. Chernick, M. The Development of Kelal u-Ferat u-Kelal Hermeneutics , Tarbiz (Hebrew), v. LII, (Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 1982). 3. Chernick, M. לחקר מידות בלל ופר וכלל וריבוי (Eng., Hermeneutical Studies ), Lod: Haberman Institute, 1984. 4. Bar Ilan Digitalized Responsa Project, version 24+, Enzyklopedia

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The Genesis of Arabic Logical Activities: From Syriac Rhetoric and Jewish Hermeneutics to āl-Šāfi‘y’s Logical Techniques

: Pennsylvania University Press, 2004. 28. Badawi, A. Arisṭuṭālīs: āl-Khiṭaba . Dar āl-Qalam: Beirut, 1979. 29. Berg, H. The Development of Exegesis in early Islam , London and New York: Routledge-Curzon, 2000. 30. Biesen, K. D. Simple and Bold: Ephrem's Art of Symbolic Thought , New Jersey: Gorgias Press, 2006. 31. Bravmann, M. M. The Spiritual Background of Early Islam , Leiden: Brill, 1972. 32. Brock, S. P. A Brief Outline of Syriac Literature , India: Deepka Offset Printers, 1997. 33. Cadler, N. Ikhtilâf and Ijmâ' in Shâfi'î 's

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Philosophical Problems of Foundations of Logic

calculus”, Reports of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR 181.1 (1968): 33-34 (in Russian). 65. Jeffery, R., Formal Logic: its Scope and its Limits. 3rd ed. McGraw Hill, 1990. 66. Karpenko, A.S., Logic on the Boundary of Millenia”, Logical Investigations [Logicheskie issledovania] 7 (2000): 7-60 (in Russian). 67. Karpenko, A.S., “Subject of Logic in the Light of the Main Trends of its Development”, Logical Investigations [Logicheskie issledovania] 11 (2004): 149-171 (in Russian). 68. Karpenko, A.S., “Modern

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AI Case Studies: Potential for Human Health, Space Exploration and Colonisation and a Proposed Superimposition of the Kubler-Ross Change Curve on the Hype Cycle

Neuroscience 14, 2012, pp. 1475-1479. 28. Hecht, D. The neural basis of optimism and pessimism, Experimental Neurobiology 22, 2013, pp. 173-199. 29. Stankevicius, A., Huys, Q. J. M., Kaira, A., Series, P. Optimism as a prior belief about the possibility of future reward, PLoS Computational Biology 10, 2014, e1003605. 30. Tufts center for the study of drug development, retrieved on February 17 th 2019, https://csdd.tufts.edu/ . 31. Hughes, J. P., Rees, S., Kalindjian, S. B, et al. Principles of early drug discovery, British Journal of

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De Bello Robotico. An Ethical Assessment of Military Robotics

. Sharkey, N. The Ethical Frontiers of Robotics, Science 322 (5909), December 19, 2008, pp. 1800-1801. 32. Singer, P. W. Robots at War: The New Battlefield, The Wilson Quarterly, Winter 2009. 33. Singer, P. W. Wired for War: The Robotics Revolution and Conflict in the 21 st Century , New York: The Penguin Press, 2009. 34. Sloggett, D. Drone Warfare. The Development of Unmanned Aerial Conflict , Barnsley: Pen & Sword Aviation, 2014. 35. Sparrow, R. Killer Robots, Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (1), February 2007, pp. 62-77. 36

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Neurobiology of Consciousness: Current Research and Perspectives

-519. 58. Kanwisher, N., “Functional specificity in the human brain: a window into the functional architecture of the mind”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 107(25), 2010, pp. 11163-1170. 59. Keysers, C., Gazzola, V., “Expanding the mirror: vicarious activity for actions, emotions, and sensations”, Current Opinions in Neurobiology 19(6), 2009, pp. 666-671. 60. Kiefer, M., Pulvermüller, F., “Conceptual representations in mind and brain: theoretical developments, current evidence and future

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Nature or Nurture – Will Epigenomics Solve the Dilemma?

. W., Crews, D. Epigenetics in comparative biology: why we should pay attention. Integrative and Comparative Biology 54(1), 2014, pp. 7-20. 18. Button, T. M., Lau, J. Y., Maughan, B., Eley, T. C. Parental punitive discipline, negative life events and gene-environment interplay in the development of externalizing behavior. Psychological Medicine 38(1), 2008, pp. 29-39. 19. Cacabelos, R., Torrellas C. Epigenetics of aging and Alzheimer's disease: Implications for pharmacogenomics and drug response. International Journal of Molecular

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Research Approaches in the Study of Religion

Abstract

Despite development of secular ideas and concepts in the Western world, we can observe increasing interest in the study of religion. However, this popularity of the study of religion and different research approaches has caused that in some sense scholars that were studying religion came to a dead point. Here I show that the most optimal research approach in the study of religion is pluralistic, integral paradigm which connects old traditional methods with naturalistic, cognitive and sometimes experimental approach.

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