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The effects of flubendazole and its metabolites on the larval development of Haemonchus contortus (Nematoda: Trichostrongylidae): an in vitro study

pharmacokinetics. Acta Tropica, 86: 141–159 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0001-706X(03)00031-7 [5] Dobson, R. J., Griffiths, D. A., Donald, A. D., Waller, P. J. (1987): A genetic model describing the evolution of levamisole resistance in Trichostrongylus colubriformis, a nematode parasite of sheep. IMA J. Appl. Math., 4: 279–293 http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/imammb/4.4.279 [6] Hubert, J., Kerboeuf, D. (1992): A microlarval development assay for the detection of anthelmintic resistance in sheep nematodes. Vet. Rec., 130: 442–446 http

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Description of the development of the attachment and copulatory apparatus of Dactylogyrus extensus from Cyprinus carpio var. koi

[1] Bauer, O. N. (1951): A question about pathogenicity Dactylogyrus solidus Achmerov. Doklady AN SSSR 78,4: 825–827 (In Russian) [2] Bauer, O. N. (1959): Ecology of freshwater parasites. Izv Gos Nauč Issled Instituta Ozern i Rečn Hoz 49: 1–206 (In Russian) [3] Bauer, O. N., Nikolskaja, N. P. (1954): Dactylogyrs solidus Achm., its biology, development and economic significance. Tr Problemnych i Tematičeskih Soveŝčanii Zool Inst AN SSSR, 4: 99–109 (In Russian

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Postembryonic development of tapeworms — source of novel phylogenetic characters for analysis of cestode evolution: comparative TEM studies

.1051970305 [6] Conn, D. B. (1990): The rarity of asexual reproduction among Mesocestoides tetrathyridia (Cestoda). J. Parasitol., 76: 453–455 http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3282690 [7] Conn, D. B. (1993): The biology of flatworms (Platyhelminthes): parenchyma cells and extracellular matrices. Trans. Amer. Microsc. Soc., 112: 241–261 http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3226561 [8] Conn, D. B. (2000): Atlas of Invertebrate Reproduction and Development, 2 nd

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Experimental Paper. The effect of different development stages on the quantity and quality of the essential oil of Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swingle in Iran

: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2008.01.016 11. Ebadati Esfahani R, HajiAkhondi A, Moradi P. Effect of different stages of fruit development on essential oil composition of Mexican lime skin (Citrus aurantifolia (Christm) Swingle) in Darab Eco-Phytochemical J Med Plants 2015; 2(10):65-72. 12. Bhuyan N, Barua PC, Kalita P, Saikia A. Physico-chemical variation in peel oils of Khasi mandarin (Citrus reticulata Blanco) during ripening. Indian J Plant Phys 2015; 20(3):227-231. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40502

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Research progress on human microecology and infectious diseases

approximately 1013–1014, which is 10 times the number of human somatic cells, and has about 3.3 million genes, which are more than 150 times the number of human genes [ 2 , 3 ]. The human flora plays important physiological functions and participates in various processes, such as metabolism of substances, formation of mucosal barriers, development and maturation of the immune system, and protection of hosts from pathogen attacks [ 4 ]. The microbiome acts as the “second set of genomes” of the human body and contains rich data information, which can reflect certain health and

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Review on the laboratory diagnosis of Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection

or more diagnostic methods should be used together to improve the accuracy of diagnosis [ 29 ]. In the future, we will analyze the inconsistencies in the results of different diagnostic methods, make the necessary adjustments, and comprehensively consider the clinical, economic, and operable issues. Exploration and development of a rapid, accurate, and economical diagnostic method that is suitable for clinical practice will certainly promote the further development of clinical diagnosis and treatment of MP infection. In conclusion, other diagnostic methods that

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Progress of research on the immune tolerance of chronic HBV infection

The history of human survival and development considerably involves fighting against pathogenic micro-organisms. Pathogenic microorganisms cause a series of reactions after infecting the body through various routes. The human body can completely return to normal after most pathogens have been affected by the immune clearance of the body or active treatment. However, a small number of pathogens cause recessive infections, carrier states, or latent infections attributed to weak immune response or immune tolerance, as well as decreased pathogens and weak

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From influenza infection to anti-ADAMTS13 autoantibodies via cross-reactivity

of ADAMTS13 protease are a risk factor for the development of myocardial infarction [ 58 , 59 ], stroke [ 59 , 60 , 61 ], preeclampsia [ 61 ], disseminated intravascular coagulation [ 62 ], cerebrovascular disease [ 63 ], etc. Acknowledgment This research received no specific grants from any funding agency in public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. Competing interests : The author declares no conflicts. References [1] Moschcowitz, E., An acute febrile pleiochromic anemia with hyaline thrombosis of the terminal arterioles and

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Prevention of patch infection after abdominal external hernia repair

is of lower infection rate than open surgery, possibly because of the less contact of the patch with the surgeon and the skin of the patients [ 15 , 19 ]. 6.5 Timely treatment of the superficial infection at the surgical site Although the superficial infection at the surgical site does not involve the patch, a risk of further development of patch infection still exists. Clinically, superficial infection has not received considerable attention because of its relatively high incidence and relatively mild symptoms. In view of its potential risk of inducing

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Influenza and sudden unexpected death: the possible role of peptide cross-reactivity

], leukoencephalopathy [ 25 ], and neurological disorders and schizophrenia [ 26 ]. Moreover, the reports [ 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 ] that suggest a role of autoimmune processes in the development of influenza lesions in the myocardium are relevant in an immunological context. Based on the abovementioned data, in this study, the possible immune link was analyzed by posing the following question: Do influenza antigens and human SUD-related proteins share peptides that might underlie autoimmune pathogenic cross-reactions? As a matter of fact, since 2010, this lab reported on an awesome

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