Inventory (EDI). Further, that the “drive for thinness” subscale of the EDI has a relatively high correlation with the “dieting” subscale of the EAT 26, a key factor in the development of eating disorders as will be discussed later. However, the latter finding by Szabo and Hollands (1997a) of similarity in profile between race groups where abnormal eating attitudes were documented was congruent with the earlier clinical findings reported by Szabo, Berk, Tlou & Allwood (1995) i.e. race did not appear to impact on clinical presentation. This sentiment was further
& Tunca Z. Prevalence and risk factors of depression among community dwelling elderly Arch Geron Ger 2014 59 1 150 154
Yesavage JA, Brink TL, Rose TL, Lum O, Huang V, Adey M, et al. Development and Validation of a Geriatric Depression Screening Scale: A Preliminary Report. J Psychiatric Research. 1983; 17: 37–49.
Yesavage JA Brink TL Rose TL Lum O Huang V Adey M et al Development and Validation of a Geriatric Depression Screening Scale: A Preliminary Report J Psychiatric Research 1983 17 37 49
Olga Padała, Sebastian Masternak, Agata Makarewicz, Agnieszka Biała-Kędra and Kaja Karakuła
Aim: The aim of the study was 1) to report the case of a 15-year-old boy who developed kleptomania symptoms during methylphenidate treatment and 2) to review the available therapeutic options for kleptomania based on a literature search of Medline and Google Scholar databases (2000–2018).
Case report: For the past seven years a 15-year-old boy had participated in counselling at a psychological counselling centre because of school problems and upbringing difficulties, and had a five-year history of psychiatric treatment for ADHD. He was admitted to the Department of Psychiatry because of recurrent stealing episodes that occurred during methylphenidate treatment. During the hospitalization, the patient did not observe the therapeutic contract – he stole items from other patients. Pharmacotheraputic and psychotherapeutic treatment resulted in a partial improvement in impulsive behaviour. At discharge, he spoke critically of his previous conduct and expressed readiness to continue treatment in an outpatient setting.
Kleptomania has a very negative impact on a patient's overall well-being.
In the reported case, kleptomania developed during methylphenidate treatment.
Kleptomania should always be taken into account as a possible cause of stealing during a psychiatric examination, to avoid stigmatization of patients as criminals.
Pharmacotherapy and cognitive-behavioural psychotherapy focused on the development of strategies, which can help the patient to control the urge to steal, are important components of kleptomania treatment.
S M Yasir Arafat, Konstantinos Papadopoulos, Mohammad S I Mullick and Md. Saleh Uddin
relation to health outcome
Life is full of stressors which have to be confronted efficiently to stay healthy. Eustress, such as learning a new skill, is an essential component of growth and development of a child. The child increases motivation and resiliency from each positive stress response ( Franke, 2014 ). However, every individual reacts differently to deal with similar stressors. Vulnerable persons poorly adjust to stressors and express inappropriate responses, while the resilient persons can distinguish the adversity as less stressful and practice adaptive
Katja Koelkebeck, Maja Pantovic Stefanovic, Dorota Frydecka, Claudia Palumbo, Olivier Andlauer, Florian Riese, Nikolina Jovanovic and Mariana Pinto da Costa
Research is a fundamental part of every medical discipline as it enables progress in the understanding of underlying factors for disease development, diagnostic tests and treatments of disorders ( Bhugra et al., 2015 , Dellis, Skolarikos & Papatsoris, 2014). Importantly, psychiatry is a discipline with unparalleled unmet clinical needs (Abrams, Patchan & Boat, 2003). Previous studies, however, highlight how psychiatric trainees engage in research activities less often when compared to those of other medical disciplines ( Gorwood, 2010 , Burke
combination treatment with antipsychotics, ECNP Consensus Meeting, March 2008, Nice. Eur Neuropsychopharmacol. 2009;19:520–532. 19411165 Goodwin G Fleischhacker W Arango C Baumann P Davidson M de Hert M et al Advantages and disadvantages of combination treatment with antipsychotics, ECNP Consensus Meeting, March 2008, Nice Eur Neuropsychopharmacol 2009 19 520 – 532
Gören JL, Beck SE, Mills BJ, Shtasel DL, Dufresne RL. Development and delivery of a quality improvement program to reduce antipsychotic polytherapy. J Manag Care Pharm. 2010
Moher David Oxman Andrew D Savović Jelena Schulz Kenneth F Weeks Laura Sterne Jonathan A C Cochrane Bias Methods Group Cochrane Statistical Methods Group ‘The Cochrane Collaboration’s tool for assessing risk of bias in randomised trials’ BMJ 2011 343 d5928
Keith A. Wesnes 2000 ‘The value of assessing cognitive function in drug development’ 2000 Sep; 2(3): 183–202. Dialogues Clin. Neurosci. Wesnes Keith A. 2000 ‘The value of assessing cognitive function in drug development’ 2000 Sep 2 3 183 202 Dialogues Clin. Neurosci
Ahmed Waqas, Aqsa Iftikhar, Zahra Malik, Kapil Kiran Aedma, Hafsa Meraj and Sadiq Naveed
persistently increasing stress levels over a long period of time can give rise to chronic depression. Therefore, by taking into consideration the stress buffering effects of social support in the face of both acute and chronic stress, we believe that promotion of adequate social support measures would prevent the risk of development of depression in medical students by improving sleep quality and mitigating stress levels.
Previous evidence for the indirect effects of social support is not conclusive and many studies favour the hypothesis of a direct association between