Adolescents are trying to show a new challenging behavior that influences their growth and development, particularly, in adolescent reproductive health issues. 1 This situation has placed adolescents to become a vulnerable population who needs special attention from parents 2 and schools 3 to prevent the risk behaviors. Meanwhile, in its development, the behavior of adolescent reproductive health is strongly influenced by the peer group: descriptive norms (peer sexual behaviors), injunctive norms (peer sexual attitudes), and peer pressure to
medical students’ final examinations. Medical Teacher. 2001; 23:357-36.
5. Gallgher P. An evaluation of a standards based portfolio. Nurse Education Today.2001; 21: 409-16.
6. O’Sullivan PS, Reckase MD, McClain T, Savidge MA, Chardy JA. Demonstration of portfolios to assess competency of residents. Adv Health Sci Educ. 2004; 9:309-23.
7. Clay AS, Petrusa E, Harker M, Andolsek K. Development of a web-based, specialty-specific portfolio. Medical Teacher. 2007; 29:311-6.
8. Jarvis RM, O’ Sullivan PS, McClain T
Introduction. Young graduates of nursing have a number of opportunities. This is mainly due to the staff shortages in the health sector.
Aim. The aim of the thesis was the review of the literature related to the career paths of nurses, the migration of nursing staff, their motivation and the nursing staff field analysis.
Conclusions. The article also deals with issues related to the image of a nurse in Poland. Polish nursing is currently grappling with many problems, and one of them is the migration of Polish nurses. Another one is a possibility of the development of nurses. Young nursing graduates are aware of the fact that the world is their oyster. They are awaiting the encouragement from the Polish employer. In addition, development opportunities should also be provided by employers, allowing their employees free courses and training. However, the reality is different.
Summary. The thesis includes dilemmas and problems with which young graduates of nursing deal with, and raises the question what opportunities are provided for them not only by the employer but also by the whole health system.
Tian Zhang, Xiu-Ni Gan, Wei Tang, Min Zou and Ying Zhang
tubes. The infusion fluid that is carried with the patient will also be recorded: out time and in time. Postdialysis information such as “treatment, the patient’s vital signs, consciousness state, and postoperative conditions: skin, internal arteriovenous fistula, double vena cava catheter, drainage tube, with the patient with infusion fluid, with data, dialysis medication, and dialysis time to ward time.” The transfer sheet pays more attention to preoperative and postoperative conditions and nursing and internal fistula development and improves nurses’ attention to
Ya-Qian Liu, Yu-Feng Li, Meng-Jie Lei, Peng-Xi Liu, Julie Theobald, Li-Na Meng, Ting-Ting Liu, Chun-Mei Zhang and Chang-De Jin
following questions: what are the primary resources and research development of studies are in which the FC teaching method was used to improve self-directed learning in nursing education; how the quality of the included studies is; what is the effect of the FC teaching method is on development of self-directed learning in nursing education, and whether this evidence could be applied to guide nursing education.
Self-directed learning (SDL) is a teaching method that can be defined in terms of the quantity of responsibility accepted by learner’s own learning and
Recent decades have seen tremendous developments in midwifery, particularly in developed countries in Europe and North America. With continuous improvements in the proficiency of midwives and increases in the scope of practice, midwives have become increasingly more skillful and independent. Midwives play a critical role in the medical care system, especially in maternal and child healthcare. They are the backbone that ensures the health of mothers and children. Currently, most countries recognize midwives as professional healthcare providers
Noppol Kiatsopit, Ouyporn Panamonta, Chatchai Suesirisawat and Manat Panamonta
The age of onset of puberty varies between ethnic groups and depends on genetic and environmental factors. Normally girls enter puberty approximately two years earlier than boys. The normal ranges of pubertal onset came from the studies of British children from the 1960s by Tanner and Marshall [ 1 , 2 ]. Based on these studies, the traditional cut-offs for precocious puberty are development of secondary sex characteristics before the age of 9 years in boys and 8 years in girls. Enlargement of the testes (gonadarche) is the first sign of pubertal development in
Introduction. Interdisciplinarity and interprofessional networking are important basis for a successful, recognizable and innovative research. Nursing research is at the intersection of health, biomedical and social sciences. Demographic trends in developed countries require integration of health and social services.
Aim. To examine the trend of interdisciplinary approach in terms of addressing social care in connection with nursing care and especially in the field of nursing care of the elderly, we analyzed scientific publications in this field over the period 1998-2018 in the PubMed database.
Discussion. The analysis showed that the number of scientific publications considering social care aspect is growing relatively faster in comparison to those addressing nursing care, especially when addressing elderly population. Development of study programmes should follow the needs of the society so that universities will educate professionals that will be able to tackle emerging problems and issues. Involvement of students in the research projects, dealing with relevant health and social care issues can significantly contribute to gaining required competences.
Conclusions. The obtained publication data are reflecting the current trends of integration of health and social care services in practice and research. Interdisciplinary study programmes as well as engagement of students into relevant research projects are important for the efficient and quality development of care services.
Introduction. Transplantation (from Latin transplantare – transplant and plantare – plant), also called organ transplantation, is a safe, effective, and in some cases the only available treatment method giving hope for recovery for patients with end-stage organ failure (such as failure of heart, liver, lungs, kidneys, pancreas). It involves replacement of a diseased organ or tissue with healthy one obtained from another person. It is a specific treatment that requires social acceptance. Despite the efforts being made by the Polish transplantation community, low public awareness and lack of knowledge on organ donation are still significant barriers to the development of transplantation program in Poland .
Objective. Recognition of knowledge and attitudes of Subcarpathian Province’s inhabitants towards organ transplantation.
Material and methods. The survey conducted in 2018 included 187 inhabitants of urban and rural areas of the Subcarpathian Province with non-medical background. A method of diagnostic survey with a questionnaire was used. The research tool was a proprietary questionnaire containing mostly single-choice questions. The questions in the survey were closed-ended.
Results and conclusons. The level of knowledge of most respondents (56.9% of the respondents from urban areas and 57.4% of the respondents from rural areas) was moderate. High level of knowledge was presented by fewer respondents: 34.7% of those from urban areas and 31.3% of those from rural areas. Low level of knowledge was reported by 8.3% and 11.3% of the respondents from urban and rural areas, respectively. No significant differences in knowledge of organ transplantation were seen between the respondents from urban and rural areas. The results of this research show insufficient knowledge concerning organ transplantation in the surveyed population. Most respondents declare their willingness to donate organs when needed. Both our research presented in this paper and reports by other authors suggest the need for educating the public in order to encourage broad social acceptance for transplant medicine.
Since 2015, China has entered the stage of rapid development of the aging population. At the end of 2016, the population of 60-year-olds and older has reached 231 million, accounting for 16.7% of the total population. 1 The increase in the elderly population and the “421” family model have led to a sharp increase in the demand for aged care. As the reserve army of the future elderly nursing talents, as the main caregivers of the elderly in many fields, such as hospitals, communities, and pension institutions, the nursing students’ attitude to