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The Facilitation of Child Development in a Japanese Nursery School

Hashimoto, Hiroko: Haha to ko nodöji hoshö no tame [Female Labour and Childcare: For the Concomitant Safety of Mother and Child]. Tokyo: Domesu Shuppan. 1992 Hayashi. Akiko, Mayumi Karasawa, and Joseph Tobin. "The Japanese Preschool's Pedagogy of Feeling: Cultural Strategies for Supporting Young Children's Emotional Development." In Ethos, 37/1, 2009, pp. 32-49 Hendry, Joy. Becoming Japanese: The World of the Pre-School Child. Manchester: Manchester University Press. 1986a Hendry, Joy. "Kindergartens and the Transition from

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The Theory and Empirics of Financial Development in the East Asian Bond Markets

References ADB Asian Bonds Online. “Asia Bond Monitor - November 2011.” 2011, http://asianbondsonline.adb.org/documents/abm_nov_2011.pdf, accessed May 2012 Agénor, Pierre-Richard, and Peter K. Montiel. Development Macroeconomics. Third Edition. New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2008 Aizenman, Joshua, and Reuven Glick. “Sterilization, Monetary Policy, and Global Financial Integration.” In Review of International Economics, 17/4, 2009, pp. 777-801 Aizenman, Joshua, Menzie D. Chinn, and Hiro

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The Relation between Economic Development and International Trade: A Comparative Analysis of East Asian and Southeast Asian Economies

References Adams, Gerard F. and Yochanan Shachmurove. “Trade and Development Patterns in the East Asian Economies.” In Asian Economic Journal, 11/4, 1997, pp. 345-360 Adelman, Irma. “Development Economics - A Reassessment of Goals.” In The American Economic Review, 65/2, 1975, pp. 302-309 Adelman, Irma. “Beyond Export-led Growth.” In World Development, 12/9, 1984, pp. 937-949 Akamatsu, Kaname. “A Theory of Unbalanced Growth in the World Economy.” In Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, 86, 1961, pp. 196

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Development of Aspect and Tense in Semitic Languages: Typological Considerations

Development of Aspect and Tense in Semitic Languages: Typological Considerations

A survey of pertinent literature reveals that many studies of aspect in Semitic languages do not pay a due attention to the crucial theoretical distinction of perfect and perfectivity. In this paper I will adopt the ‘chronogenetic' model of the morphosyntactic development of tense and aspect tested for the Indo-European languages (Hewson & Bubenik 1997) that allows five major aspectual categories to be distinguished (prospective, inceptive, imperfective, perfective, perfect) within ‘Event Time’. I will argue that the appearance in Arabic of the analytic double-finite perfect (of the type kun-tu katab-tu ‘I had written’) was the most significant innovation during the New Stage not to be found in the other Central Semitic languages. During the Middle Stage in Mishnaic Hebrew and Middle Aramaic the canonical progressive aspect was paradigmatized while Classical Arabic created its double-finite counterpart (kān-a ya-ktub-u ‘he was writing’). The significance of this approach to the study of the universals of tense and aspect will be evaluated.

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Theater Without a Script—Improvisation and the Experimental Stage of the Early Mid-Twentieth Century in the United States

Abstract

It was in the mid-twentieth century that the independent theatrical form based entirely on improvisation, known now as improvisational/improvised theatre, impro or improv, came into existence and took shape. Viola Spolin, the intellectual and the logician behind the improvisational movement, first used her improvised games as a WPA worker running theater classes for underprivileged youth in Chicago in 1939. But it was not until 1955 that her son, Paul Sills, together with a college theater group, the Compass Players, used Spolin’s games on stage. In the 1970s Sills made the format famous with his other project, the Second City.

Since the emergence of improv in the US coincides with the renaissance of improvisation in theater, in this paper, I will look back at what may have prepared and propelled the emergence of improvised theater in the United States. Hence, this article is an attempt to look at the use of improvisation in theater and performing arts in the United States in the second half of the 20th century in order to highlight the various roles and functions of improvisation in the experimental theater of the day by analyzing how some of the most influential experimental theaters used improvisation as a means of play development, a component of actor training and an important element of the rehearsal process.

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Joe Brainard’s I Remember, Fragmentary Life Writing and the Resistance to Narrative and Identity

Abstract

Paul Ricoeur declares that “being-entangled in stories” is an inherent property of the human condition. He introduces the notion of narrative identity—a form of identity constructed on the basis of a self-constructed life-narrative, which becomes a source of meaning and self-understanding. This article wishes to present chosen instances of life writing whose subjects resist yielding a life-story and reject the notions of narrative and identity. In line with Adam Phillips’s remarks regarding Roland Barthes by Roland Barthes (1975), such works—which I refer to as fragmentary life writing—emerge out of a profound scepticism about any form of “fixing” oneself and confining the variety and randomness of experience to one of the available autobiographical plots.

The primary example of the genre is Joe Brainard’s I Remember (1975)—an inventory of approximately 1,500 memories conveyed in the form of radically short passages beginning with the words “I remember.” Despite the qualified degree of unity provided by the fact that all the recollections come from the consciousness of a single person, the book does not arrange its content in any discernible order—chronological or thematic; instead, the reader is confronted with a life-in-fragments. Although individual passages could be part of a coming-of-age, a coming-out or a portrait-of-the-artist-as-a-young-man narrative, Brainard is careful not to let any of them consolidate. An attempt at defining the characteristics of the proposed genre will be followed by an indication of more recent examples of fragmentary life writing and a reflection on its prospects for development.

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The Rogue as an Artist in Patrick deWitt’s The Sisters Brothers

. Print. Dalberg Global Development Advisors. Healthy Rivers. Healthy People. Addressing the Mercury Crisis in the Amazon . WWF Report (Nov. 2018): 1–47. Web. 28 May 2019. DeWitt, Patrick. French Exit . New York: Ecco, 2018. Print. DeWitt, Patrick. The Sisters Brothers . London: Granta, 2011. Print. Fernandes, Ana Raquel Lourenço. What about the Rogue ? Survival and Metamorphosis in Contemporary British Literature and Culture . Brussels: Peter Lang, 2011. Print. Gussago, Luigi. Picaresque Fiction Today. The Trickster in Contemporary

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A Wild Roguery: Bruce Chatwin’s The Songlines Reconsidered

: Cambridge UP, 1983. Print. Japangardi, Cecil Johnson. Personal communication with the author. C. 1988. Johnson, Carol. Personal communication with the author. 5 Sept. 2019. Laughren, Mary, Kenneth Hale, and Warlpiri Lexicography Group. Warlpiri-English Encyclopaedic Dictionary . Alice Springs, NT: Institute of Aboriginal Development, to be published in 2020. Draft electronic file. Lewis, David. “Route Finding by Desert Aborigines in Australia.” The Journal of Navigation 29.1 (1976): 21–38. Print. Morrison, Glenn. “Bruce Chatwin’s Book as

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The Development of Graphic Representation in Abugida Writing: The Akshara’s Grammar

Future. Tokyo: Tokyo University of Foreign Studies. Bhatia Tej K . 2003. “The G urmukhi Script and O ther W riting Systems of P unjab. H istory, Structure and Identity.” In: Bhaskararao 2003: 181-213. Bradley David. 2009. “Language P olicy for China Minorities: O rthography Development for the Yi.” Written Language and Literacy 12, 170-187. Bright William. 1996. “The Devanagari Script.” In: Daniels & Bright 1996: 384-391. Bright William. 2000. “A Matter of T ypology: A lphasyllabaries and A bugidas

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Toward a formal model of semantic change: A neo-Reichenbachian approach to the development of the Vedic past tense system

. Chierchia, Gennaro & McConnell-Ginet, Sally. 2000. Meaning and Grammar. An Introduction to Semantics. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Dahl, Eystein. 2008. Performative Sentences and the Morphosyntax-Semantics Interface in Early Vedic. Journal of South Asian Linguistics 1. 7-27. Dahl, Eystein. 2009a. Some Semantic and pragmatic aspects of object alternation in Old Vedic. In Barðdal, Jóhanna & Chelliah, Shobana (eds.), The Role of Semantics and Pragmatics in the Development of Case, 23-55. Amsterdam: Benjamins. Dahl, Eystein. 2009b

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