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The Organisation of Cultural and Social Life in Selected Successful Villages

Abstract

This paper compares the methods of organisation of cultural and social life in three municipalities which were awarded the “Village of the Year” title, namely the municipalities of Oravská Lesná, Liptovská Teplička and Spišský Hrhov. The research in these three municipalities suggests several historical and socio-economic similarities between the villages of Oravská Lesná and Liptovská Teplička, which contrasts with the situation in Spišský Hrhov. These similarities and differences between the municipalities are also manifested at the level of their cultural and social life and development strategies. On one hand, we have the traditional mountainous villages with stable long-term and internally driven demography; on the other hand, a changing municipality with a high rate of immigration. In the former case, activities related to the identity of a traditional municipality are being developed, while in the latter case, the identity of the municipality is being actively created also through new cultural and social activities. The key factors of the municipalities’ cultural and social life in both cases are initiative inhabitants and proactive self-governments open to their initiatives.

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Hillsides as Part of the Socio-Cultural Capital and Development Potential of Villages/Regions (Example of Hrušov and Oravská Lesná)

Abstract

This study is based on an analysis of local economic, environmental, social and cultural activities in the municipalities which were awarded the “Village of the Year” title, with a special focus on the Hrušov hillsides and the settlements in Oravská Lesná.

The basic historical and ethnological features of these villages include dispersion of the population, since the development period until the establishment of collective farms was characterised mainly by self-employed farmers. In both cases, it happened with a delay – in the 1970s and the 1980s. Ever since, the hillsides and settlements have become depopulated, mainly as a result of the growing construction of family houses or municipal (cooperative) flats in the central parts of municipalities.

Inspired by the theoretical and methodological framework of the authors who have dealt with the transformation of hillsides/settlements (Priečko, 2003, 2015; Huba, 1989, 1990, 2009), four possible development processes influencing the hillsides/settlements over the past decades can be hypothetically assumed:

1. Strengthening the original residential and economic function through a set of incentives.

2. Complete functional transformation of the sites from residential to recreational areas.

3. Exclusion of the sites from the category of built-up areas and delimitation of agricultural land to forest land category;

4. Combination of two and more functions with a view to a rational use of the landscape potential and preservation of the genius loci, which, however, requires the ability and willingness of the original or new users to respect the natural and cultural values of places of habitation and of the country, traditional agro-technical processes as well as landscaping in connection with the local/regional cultural heritage.

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Selected Concepts of Contemporary Rural Research: Inspirations and Challenges for Rural Anthropology

. (1994). The Countryside Ideal. London: Routledge. Cecchi, C. (2001). Rural Development and Local Systems. The Case of the Maremma Rural District, PhD . Thesis, Department of City and Regional Planning, University of Wales, College of Cardiff. Cloke, P. (2006). Conceptualizing rurality. In: P. Cloke, T. Mardsen, P. H. Mooney (Eds.), The Handbook of Rural Studies. London – Thousand Oaks – New Delhi: Sage Publications (s. 18–28). Cloke, P., Mardsen, T., Mooney, P. H. (Eds.) (2006). The Handbook of Rural Studies. London – Thousand Oaks – New Delhi

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The Use of the Socio-Cultural Potential of Local Societies through the Presentation of Cultural Specificities

LITERATÚRA Antonietti, T., Morand, M. C. (1993). Tourismus und Gesellschaft. In: T. Antonietti, M. C. Morand (Eds.), Tourismus und Kultureller Wandel, Wallis 1950-1990. Sitten: Walliser Kantonsmuseen (s. 9–16). Bitušíková, A., Luther, D. (2010). Kultúrna a sociálna diverzita na Slovensku . Banská Bystrica: Inštitút sociálnych a kultúrnych štúdií, Univerzity Mateja Bela, Bratislava: Ústav etnológie SAV (s. 5–8). Bessiére, J. (1998). Local Development and Heritage: Traditional Food and Cuisine as Tourist Attractions in Rural Areas. Sociologia

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Socio-Cultural Aspects of Present-Day Internal Suburban Migration in Slovakia – in the Example of the Village Soblahov in the Trenčín District

. (1997). Aglomerace Bayreuth – vývoj, struktura a důsledky suburbanizace pro komunální hospodářskou politiku. Úze -mí plánovaní a urbanizmus , 24 (1-2), 46–51. Massey, S. D. (Ed.) (1993). Theories of International Migration: A Review and Appraisal. Population and Development Review , 19 (3), 431–466. Matejová, K., Bednárik, M. (2017). Sociálne prostredie suburbií na príklade životného štýlu žien so zreteľom na fenomén zelených vdov. Acta Geographica Universitatis Comenianae , 61 (2), 223–239. Matlovič, R., Sedláková, A. (2007). The Impact of

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Ukrainian National Schools in Slovakia between 1945 and 1960

Abstract

The authors present the formation and development of the Ukrainian national education system in Slovakia after the World War II, which was determined by its results and new political conditions. The founding of Russian schools in Eastern Slovakia did not correspond to the wishes of part of the Ruthenian population, and their preference was a source of permanent tension. The authors of this article analyse the personnel, material and technical problems related to the development of Ukrainian (Russian) schools as well as the activities of political and state authorities in their solution. The introduction of the Ukrainian language as the language of instruction disrupted the consolidation in this area and increased dissatisfaction in many municipalities. The efforts to persuade people or various administrative obstacles could not prevent the change of the language of instruction from Ukrainian to Slovak.

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Jewish Swimming and Sports Club Bar Kochba Bratislava – the Most Successful Sports Club of Slovakia in the Interwar Period

Abstract

In this article, the author deals with the foundation, development, results and reasons of disappearance of the most successful sports club in the interwar era; the Jewish swimming and sports club Bar Kochba Bratislava. After the birth of Czechoslovakia, sports in Slovakia could develop on a national basis. Large national minorities had the same possibilities. To eliminate the risk of misusing sports for political purposes, sport representatives decided to organise it on the ethnic principle instead of the regional one. Thanks to this a wide variety of national sports organisations were established, including some Jewish ones. Even though Jews constituted only 2.01% of the population in the interwar period in today’s territory of Slovakia (Bergerová, 1992: 108), they succeeded not only in sports but in other areas of social life as well.

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Environmental Attitudes in An Intergenerational Perspective

). Special report of The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change UN, https://www.ipcc.ch/sr15 ), accessed (15.2.2019). Halman, L., Sieben, I., Zundert, M. V. (2011). Atlas of European Values: Trends and Traditions at the Turn of the Century . Brill Academic Pub. Howarth, R. B., Norgaard, R. B. (1992). Environmental Valuation under Sustainable Development. The American Economic Review , 82 (2), 473–477. Inglehart, R. (1971). The Silent Revolution in Europe: Intergenerational Change in Post-Industrial Societies. The American Political Science Review

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Love and Sexuality in Later Life: What Your Grandparents are not Telling You

). Household Formation in Developed Countries. Population and Development Review , 13 (3), 495–511. Campbell, D. (1967). Stereotypes and the Perception of Group Differences. American Psychologist , 22 (10), 817–829. Calasanti, T., Kiecolt, K. J. (2007). Diversity Among Late-Life Couples. Generations , Blieszner (Ed.), 31 (3), 12–17. Carr, D. (2004). The Desire to Date and Remarry Among Older Widows and Widowers. Journal of Marriage and Family , 66 (4), 1051–1068. Carstensen, L. (1992). Social and Emotional Patterns in Adulthood: Support for

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“I am not Alone”: Intergenerational Solidarity in Three:Generation Households from the Perspective of the Older Generation

. A paper presented at the annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association, Atlanta, August 1988. Bengtson, V. L., Burgess, E. O., Parrot, T. M. (1997). Theory, Explanation, and a Third Generation of Theoretical Development in Social Gerontology. Journal of Gerontology , 52 (2), 72–88. Boyatzis, R. (1998). Qualitative Information: Thematic Analysis and Code Development . Sage Publications. Brackbill, Y., Kitch, D. (1991). Intergenerational relationships: A social exchange perspective on joint living arrangements among the elderly and

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