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The Pacific region, because of the interesting dynamics of its development in recent decades (since the 70s of the past century, i.e., the change in New Zealand’s national policy on minorities), has become the center of investigation by professionals from different fields, who are examining the development of New Zealand’s position (i.e., Miller 1995 , Perry-Webster 1999 , Butcher 2012 ) as a key player in the region as the country has also declared itself in official documents ( Statement of Intent 2008–2009 , 12) See more: http
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coined by Max Weber and used in order to describe a long historical development toward a more natural and secular understanding of the world, from the prophets of the Old Testament up to the modern critique of religion. However, Joas takes issue with the description of a one-way development toward a secular modern world, when it comes to religion as well as politics. On the one hand, Europe has seen a significant decrease in religious observance (often referred to as “secularization”), but morality has not collapsed although Christianity lost influence and authority
of religion on the destructive development of human history. It is particularly evident in the relation between religious fundamentalism and violence. Hent de Vries stated in his book: “The way in which this ‘transcendental historicity’, as Husserl and Derrida would say, is overdetermined by ‘religion’, in all of its manifestations, forms the central concern of this book; the insight that this inflection betrays a certain ‘violence’ (to be defined) is its main thesis” ( de Vries, 2002 , p. XII). But perhaps the most important result of rejecting the concept of
When it comes to understanding socio-cultural conflicts, including conflicts over values, the Netherlands offers an intriguing empirical case, which also helps us to understand similar developments in other West-European countries. Let me start with a recent example of such a conflict, which has caused a lot of social unrest each year since it cropped up for the first time in the fall of 2013. It is about the festival of Sinterklaas , celebrated on December 5. Although it has for centuries been the country’s most important children’s holiday