Grudzińska, A. (1013). Rysunki dzieci polskich (Drawings of Polish Children). „Kształt i Barwa” , z. 4.
Hornowska, E., Paluchowski, W.J., (1987). Rysunek postaci ludzkiej Goodenough-Harrisa (Drawings of Human Figures by Goodenough-Harris). Poznań: Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM.
Hornowski, B. (1982). Badania nad rozwojem psychicznym dzieci i młodzieży na podstawie rysunku postaci ludzkiej (Studies on Psychological Development of Children and Young People Based on Representations of the Human Figure in Drawings). Wroclaw: Ossolineum
1. Anderson, J. R., Greeno, J. G., Reder, L. M., & Simon, H. E. (2000). Perspectives on learning, thinking and activity. Educational Researcher , 29 (4), 11–13
2. Borko, H. (2004). Professional development and teacher learning: Mapping the terrain. Educational Researcher , 33 (8), 3–15
3. Borko, H., & Putnam, R. (1997). Learning to teach. In D. C. Berliner & R. C. Calfee (Eds.), Handbook of educational psychology (pp. 673–708). New York, NY: Macmillan
4. Collins, S., & Clarke, A. (2008). Activity frames and complexity
Johannes Lang, Ines Leonhardt, Sarah Beer, Nicolle Bräsel, Johann D. Lanz and Daniel Schmittfull
Nest boxes and nest tubes are widely used for surveys, for both research and development purposes, to detect and survey hazel dormice (Muscardinus avellanarius). In order to compare the performance of the two devices for translocations a study was conducted where hazel dormice had the choice between nest boxes and nest tubes. Hazel dormice preferred nest tubes over nest boxes but escaped more often from nest tubes than from nest boxes during checking. We conclude that nest boxes are the better choice for translocations as they offer the better escape ratio over nest tubes.
The hazel dormouse (Muscardinus avellanarius) is a European Protected Species and for this reason, hazel dormice are protected from deliberate killing, injury or disturbance and its sites and resting places are also protected. During development projects impacts on hazel dormouse individuals and populations should be avoided. If avoidance is not possible measures of mitigation and compensation have to be implemented. In many cases the only suitable measure to prevent disturbance, killing or injury of individuals is the translocation of hazel dormice to another suitable habitat. The success of translocations has so far been rarely documented. To assess the success of translocations, the natural mortality of hazel dormice has to be considered as well as the likelihood of finding specific individuals during the proposed action. How these data affect the assessment of translocation success is calculated based on published data on seasonal survival rates of different cohorts and of unpublished monthly encounter probabilities of a population of marked animals. Depending on the time between the translocation event and the subsequent monitoring controls the number of hazel dormice likely to be alive can be low. For this reason, success cannot be evaluated with our method if the sample size is too small.
The beneficial effect of sunlight on all forms of life has been well-known to human cultures worldwide throughout history. However, the importance of darkness for survival, successful reproduction and the overall fitness of all organisms is fully appreciated only by physiologists and environmental biologists. Seasonal variations in environmental conditions (i.e., rainfall, temperature, barometric pressure, food availability) significantly affect reproduction and survival but they are of little predictive value. In contrast, daily fluctuations in light levels and the light spectrum are less dramatic in their impact on life, but were highly predictable throughout evolution. Natural selection has thus favored a strategy of monitoring a day’s length as a predictor of changes in external conditions by the development of the molecular circadian clock, which is sensitive to changes in light/darkness during the day and night. Well-synchronized circadian clockwork ensures that behavioral and physiological processes fluctuate with the daily solar cycle and programs the seasonal changes in physiology via the transduction of the photoperiod into hormonal messages. During the last two decades, energy-efficient lighting technology has shifted from “yellow” high-pressure sodium vapor lamps to new “white” light-emitting diodes (LEDs). As a consequence, nighttime light pollution increased, and the sharp difference between day and night has been erased in many parts of the world, which threatens animal ecology and human health. Studies on humans, laboratory mammals and wildlife suggest that the physiological costs of living under artificial light at night (ALAN) may be due to the disruption of circadian and circannual timing. This overview summarizes the recent findings on the effect of the blurred day/night difference on the circadian clock, nighttime melatonin secretion and photoperiodic changes in mammals and suggests that the gradual decline of fitness due to the increasing ALAN measured in the human population may contribute to the changes in mammalian biodiversity in nature.
, Research , and Applications . Third Edition . McGraw-Hill, New York, 603 pp.
H udson R., R angassamy M., S aldaña A., B ánszegi O. & R ödel H. G., 2015: Stable individual differences in separation calls during early development in cats and mice. Frontiers in Zoology , 12 (Suppl. 1) (S12): 1–12.
K nab A. M., B owen R. S., M oore -H arrison T., H amilton A. T., T urner M. J. & L ightfoot J. T., 2009: Repeatability of exercise behaviors in mice. Physiology & Behavior , 98 : 433–440.
K onečná M., W eiss A., L hota S. & W allner B., 2012
Sameeh A. Mansour, Sohail S. Soliman and Kareem M. Soliman
. & F ahmy M. M., 2014: Investigations on mass mortalities among Oreochromis niloticus at Mariotteya stream, Egypt: Parasitic infestation and environmental pollution impacts. Journal of Aquatic Research Development , 5 : 219.
M ansour S. A., 2009: Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in Africa: Egyptian scenario. Human and Experimental Toxicology , 28 : 531–566.
M ansour S. A., S oliman S. S. & S oliman K. M., 2016: Monitoring of heavy metals in the environment using bats as bioindicators: first study in Egypt. Vespertilio , 18 : 61
Miroslav Kutal, Elisa Belotti, Josefa Volfová, Tereza Mináriková, Luděk Bufka, Lukáš Poledník, Jarmila Krojerová, Michal Bojda, Martin Váňa, Leona Kutalová, Jiří Beneš, Jiří Flousek, Václav Tomášek, Petr Kafka, Kateřina Poledníková, Jana Pospíšková, Pavel Dekař, Beňadik Machciník, Petr Koubek and Martin Duľa
Genetics , 17 : 1229–1234.
BUND, 2017: Die Weitervernetzung : der Wildkatzensprung . URL: https://www.bund.net/tiere-pflanzen/wildkatze/projekt-wildkatzensprung/
Č ervený J., K oubek P. & A nděra M., 1996: Population development and recent distribution of the lynx ( Lynx lynx ) in the Czech Republic. Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Academiae Scientiarum Bohemicae , Brno , 30 : 2–15.
Č ervený J. & K ušta T., 2015: Jak hodnotí myslivci z jihozápadních Čech existenci rysa ostrovida v honitbách? Svět Myslivosti , 16 (9): 29–31.
D uľa M., K
: Vyhláška Ministerstva pôdohospodárstva a rozvoja vidieka Slovenskej republiky zo dňa 16. decembra, ktorou sa mení a dopĺňa vyhláška Ministerstva pôdohospodárstva Slovenskej republiky zo dňa 10. augusta 2009, ktorou sa vykonáva zákon o poľovníctve v znení neskorších predpisov [The Decree of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of the Slovak Republic of 16 December, amending the Decree of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Slovak Republic of 10 August 2009 implementing the Hunting Act as amended by later regulations]. Zbierka Zákonov , 489/2013, čiastka 108