The closing years of the 20th century witnessed profound changes in the European housing market, characterised by an increase in owner-occupied housing; instability of house prices (leading to a serious crisis in some regions, in light of a fall in demand); a change in people’s attitude to the housing market, involving a rise in the importance of location, the quality of materials and spaces, environmental sustainability, and architectural and urban innovation.
The European Union does not have a common housing policy, which it believes is the responsibility of Member-States. However, it is recognised that the problems related to the socio-urban inclusion of low-income individuals do have an impact on Community policies.
Because we are in the midst of a transformation, it is difficult to talk today about the dynamics and policies of housing, the functioning of markets, and thereby about the ways in which public administrations are facing the current crisis of real estate overproduction.
This article aims at analysing the dynamics of the housing market in Portugal as compared with other European countries, highlighting the characteristics of demand and supply and the main changes recorded in the last few years.
Theano S. Terkenli, Ewa Skowronek, Andrzej Tucki and Nikolaos Kounellis
(preferences of various stakeholder groups involved), sustainability (natural environmental capacity, preferred forms of tourism), and measurability (demandandsupply prices, levels of tourism development in the region).
Towards this goal, then, this paper critically negotiates the notion of the tourist landscape and proceeds, through an empirical study, to test its basic conceptual premises, in two different types of tourist destinations, one upland tourist destination in Central Europe and one seaside tourist destination, in the Mediterranean. These were selected as
or More? A State-of-the- Art Report’, Journal of European Social Policy, 12 (2), pp. 137-158.
BALCHIN, P., SYKORA, L. and BULL, G. (1999), Regional Policy and Planning in Europe, London-New York: Routledge.
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Andrea Berndgen-Kaiser, Tine Köhler, Maja Lorbek and Markus Wiechert
forces are to be addressed by governmental framing to help the municipalities. On the one hand, the uncertainty of development could be minimised by a continuous and exhaustive monitoring of demandandsupply, and the vacancies or shortage arising from the imbalance between the two. The building stock should also be assessed within new urban plans. On the other hand, municipalities should be enabled to partly intervene in the market of owner-occupied dwellings to manage development. This is especially necessary as demographic and political developments, such as
Claudia R. Binder, Christof Knoeri and Maria Hecher
region Weiz-Gleisdorf. We thus depict the results of the simulation of different scenarios considering envelope renovation rates, legislation standards, and heating system changes. Then we provide an analysis of the potential for renewable energies in the region. Finally, we discuss the potential alignment of regional demandandsupply, and derive policy implications on this basis.
2 Study area
The “ Energieregion Weiz-Gleisdorf” (EWG) was established in 1996. It includes 18 municipalities in Styria, along with the towns of Weiz and Gleisdorf, and covers an area
Water in the Seybouse River basin is getting scarce, yet it is the key to its economic development. A fast growing population, expanding agricultural and industrial sectors and the impacts of climate variability, create demands for new water sources and innovative management of water resources and services. The object of this study is the water resources management in the lower Seybouse basin characterized by a steady increase of water demand to meet different uses. This study takes into account changes in water demand of different urban, agricultural and industrial supply process. Our approach is to integrate data in WEAP modelling software to simulate current and future water balance and then to analyse the situation of water in different scenarios, socio-economic development and climate change to 2050. This software is based on the representation of the feeding system in a form of the network of water demand and supply. Our findings reveal the vulnerability of the region in its ability to the pressures resulting from the increase of needs of different sectors at the horizon of the forecasted period. They also indicate the need for larger mobilization of new resources into the system and lay the foundations for a sustainable water policy in the northern region of the Seybouse valley.
Dhaka the capital of Bangladesh is facing a serious water scarcity problem due to the big gap between demand and supply of water system. When accelerating water scarcities and pollution in and around urban centers are superimposed on issues like continuing urbanization, lack of investment funds for constructing and maintaining water infrastructures, high public debts, inefficient resources allocation processes, inadequate management capacities, poor governance, inappropriate institutional frameworks and inadequate legal and regulatory regimes, water management in the megacities poses a daunting task in the future. To overcome these water related problems, water can be a designing element for structuring future development with the combination of sustainable approaches for social and physical transformation, open up opportunities for water management system. Therefore an integrated approach like integrated water resource management (IWRM) system is required that responds to problems that are all interrelated. Alternate supply and demand management tools such as ground water recharge, rainwater harvesting, effective water pricing, reclaimed water use are suggested to meet the deficit of current supply system through the efficient use of the scarce resources available. Institutional reform and improved water planning are required to facilitate economic growth and social development. Finally, human resource development is identified as key factor for the sustainable effective management of this valuable resource.
Lýdia Kňazovičová, Silvia Chasníková, Ján Novák and Peter Barančok
revegetation of Montana ski area. J. Range Manag. , 36(5), 565–567. DOI: 10.1046/j.1440-1703.1998.00249.x.
Bjedov, I., Ristić, R., Stavretović, N., Stevović, V., Radić, B. & Todosijević M. (2011). Revegetation of ski runs in Serbia: Case studies of Mts. Stara Planina and Divičabre. Archives of Biological Sciences , 64(4), 1127–1134. DOI: 10.2298/ABS1104199S.
Bowker, J.M., English, D.B.K. & Cordell H.K. (1999). Projections of outdoor recreation participation to 2050 in outdoor recreation in American life: A national assessment of demandandsupply trends
Anambra State, Nigeria. Journal Policy and Development Studies. Vol. 1. Iss. 2 p. 71–80.
E zenwaji E.E., E duputa B.M., O koye I.O. 2016. Investigation into the residential water demandandsupply in Enugu metropolitan area. American Journal of Water Resources. Vol. 4. Iss. 1 p. 22–29.
F aniran A. 1992. Water resources development in Nigeria. University Lectures. Ibadan. University of Ibadan. ISBN 9781212780 pp. 95.
F erro G., L entini E.J., M ercadier A.C., R omero C.A. 2014. Efficiency in Brazil’s water and sanitation sector and its
these Vinex neighbourhoods. Although central government takes responsibility only for the lower income groups, here too, the desired development is dependent on market participation. Despite (or as a consequence of) state intervention in the functioning of the housing market, this market is hit by severe rigidities, leading to a mismatch between demandandsupply.
Urban renewal, which started in the 1970’s, was primarily meant to improve the poor housing conditions in the old inner-city districts of mostly the largest cities, where low