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The present study aims at highlighting some of the impacts that labour market an education mutually have on each other both in the context of economies in transition (even if they used to have long historic traditions related to pioneering in instruction and education at mass and elite level) and that of a steady and consequent capitalist state undisturbed by the storms of radical political changes and periods of totally negating the values and results created by former historic eras and communities.

The main idea is that the relationship between the labour market and education is that of a mutual demand and supply based corelation, permanently influencing each other, so no political or economic authority and power should miss taking this into consideration unless they want to fail.


This study examined the direct/indirect long-run relationships and dynamic interactions between public investment (PI) and output performance in Nigeria using annual data spanning 1970-2010. A macro-econometric model derived from Keynes’ income-expenditure framework was employed. The model was disaggregated into demand and supply sides to trace the direct and indirect effects of PI on aggregate output. The direct supply side effect was assessed using the magnitude of PI multiplier coefficient, while the indirect effect of PI on the demand side was evaluated with marginal propensity to consume, accelerator coefficient and import multiplier. The results showed relatively less strong direct effect of PI on aggregate output, while the indirect effects were stronger with the import multiplier being the most pronounced. This is attributed to declining capital expenditure, poor implementation and low quality of PI projects due to widespread corruption. By and large, we concluded that PI exerted considerable influence on aggregate output.


The development of Internet technology (IT) at the end of the 20th century and its integration into the business sector has led to the emergence of digital labour platforms that provoke a reorganization of work arrangements by matching the demand and supply of goods and services, known as the “gig economy”. The “gig economy” stands for economic activities or work arrangements related to the performance of very short-term tasks facilitated by digital platforms and can include freelance work, temporary work, work on-demand and contract work. Our paper focuses on the new, growing workforce of freelancers. Freelancers belong to the self-employed category of entrepreneurial activity who do not employ workers, who pay their own taxes, work on projects, work for several clients, and work remotely, usually from home. According to various sources and findings, they are also referred to as entrepreneurs, solopreneurs, digital micro-entrepreneurs, hybrids of employees and entrepreneurs, enablers of entrepreneurship, potential entrepreneurs, etc. The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between freelancers and entrepreneurs. The paper will use a literature-review approach to highlight the similarities and main differences between freelancers and entrepreneurs and to find an answer to the question whether freelancers can be considered entrepreneurs or not. In addition, the paper provides insights into freelance work and highlights the benefits and challenges that freelancers face in the labour market.

, Annals of Faculty of Economics, 1, issue 1, p. 976-986. Davidescu, A. M., Paul, A.M.V., Gogonea, R-M., Zaharia, M., (2015), Evaluating Romanian Eco-Innovation Performances in European Context , Sustainability, 7, issue 9, p. 1-35. Gogonea, R-M., Zaharia, M., Dumitru, N-R. (2009). Statistic and Econometric Analysis of the Motivational Factors on Turistc Behavour , Annals of Faculty of Economics, 2, issue 1, p. 654-658. Gogonea, R-M., Zaharia, M. (2013). Statistical Analisys of Evolutions of Demand And Supply of Agro-Touristic Boarding Houses in 2000 - 2012 Period

already been substantial, bauMax has its eye on a series of further developments. As yet, the system has only a limited ability to deal with competitor data – it has started by tracking the prices of the 100 leading articles on which competitors focus. Future developments are likely to extend this range. one particularly interesting research area is the creation of an integrated demand-and- supply-chain management model that will link pricing to inventory and production planning. There are a number of information technology improve- ments that can be expected