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important documents is the EU Strategy on adaptation to climate change , which outlines policies strengthening Europe’s resilience to the impacts of climate change ( European Commission [EC] 2013 ). Other important documents are: European Environmental Agency reports: Urban adaptation to climate change in Europe ( EEA 2012 , 2016 ), as well as the document: Europe 2020 Strategy ( EC 2010 ). The environmental context of the processes of transformation and regeneration of degraded urban areas Regeneration projects for cities and degraded areas have been carried out in

revive damaged, degraded areas. It has multiple aspects, among which the economic, social and cultural aspect should be considered the most important’ (author’s translation; Markowski, Stawasz & Sikora 2005 : 78). It highlights the long-term character of the procedure as well as the complexity and multifaceted nature of the problems it sought to resolve. It draws attention to the social and cultural aspects, not only the economic and purely renovation-related ones. The social aspect has been included as the most important one in the newest definition coming from Urban

definition of regeneration included in the Polish Regeneration Act, according to which regeneration is a ‘process whereby degraded areas are reclaimed in a comprehensive manner through integrated and territorially concentrated actions benefiting the local community, space and the economy (...)’ ( Ustawa z dnia 9 p aździernika 2015 o rewitalizacji : art. 2 sec. 1 ). The second chapter of the Act explicitly refers to public participation in the regeneration process by mentioning the participation of stakeholders in public consultations and in the work of regeneration

second half of the twentieth century. Old industrial buildings have been degraded. From the beginning of the 1990s, they began to undergo intense processes of regeneration ( Domański & Gwosdz 2010 ). During the regeneration process, the degraded area is prepared for the introduction of a new function ( Maciejewska & Turek 2012 ). Regeneration projects for the renewal of areas require the integration of activities over the long term ( Węglowski 2009 ). In the process of regeneration of old industrial buildings, it is particularly important to protect historical values

connected with the process of bringing activities and new urban functions to degraded areas and those which have lost their previous functionality; Densification of urban structures based on market demand and the pressure of the real-estate market resulting in the development of these urban structures. All the above mentioned phenomena often occur simultaneously in neighbouring areas (such as in Wrzeszcz). Their intensity and overlap result from, inter alia , the tendencies typical of development in a post-socialist city which for many decades proceeded differently from

’s starting. This has not only increased community participation in shaping those revitalization agendas, but also limited negative reactions to revitalization interventions. Conclusion: taking revitalization literally In the course of the development of new legislation, ‘revitalization’ was formally defined by the Polish Ministry of Investment and Development as: ‘…a complex process of leading degraded areas out of crisis by way of holistic action (interrelated efforts undertaken in the social, economic, spatial-functional, technical and environmental domains), integrating

process of regeneration of a degraded area through comprehensive actions includes regeneration of physical space, the natural environment, and the social environment. The design of the development of the site, owned by the Congregation of the Resurrection, has been based on the idea of creating a space where the monks and the people visiting the Atelier building can co-exist together ( Alexander 1977 ). The integration of various functions in the garden space will allow different social groups to stimulate and inspire each other, giving this place a great chance of

inquiries made before the regeneration begun, the most important and most urgent task was the rearrangement of the Old Town through inclusion of public space, renovation of historical buildings and adaptation of the space for economic, social, educational, touristic and cultural purposes ( Informacja o wynikach konsultacji… 2016 : 80). The first Local Regeneration Programme for the years of 2008–2015 concentrated on the renovation of degraded area, restoration of the Town Hall, reconstruction of pavements, positioning of parking spaces next to Bohaterów Getta Street and

”. Activities related to natural systems are associated with protection of the environment, including its specific elements, re-naturalization of degraded ecological systems, the use of green and blue infrastructure, reclaiming degraded areas and other activities. They all relate to linear systems, because such is the nature of ecological systems. The accomplishments of landscape architecture should always be used in differing situations. The soft activities relate to the economic and social sphere. Economic activities include stimulation of development, like trade and

osiedli. Tom II Tereny Zielone (City and housing estate planning. Volume II: Green Areas – in Polish).Warszawa: Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe. Diagnoza służąca wyznaczeniu obszarów zdegradowanych i obszaru rewitalizacji w mieście Tczewie (Delimitation of degraded areas and the urban regeneration area in the city of Tczew – in Polish). Urząd Miejski w Tczewie, available at: , DoA: 26.09.2017. Giedych, R., 2009: Zieleń miejska w świetle uwarunkowań prawnych. III Ogólnopolska konferencja szkoleniowa: Zieleń Miejska (Urban greenery in the light of