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Relatedness of Students’ Work Industrial Experience to the Professional Skills and Competence Development in Engineering Career at Nigerian Universities

Abstract

Qualitative occupational training and assessment through acquaintance with the knowledge and insight for transference of concepts and procedure of the fundamental scientific and mathematical skills obtainable in engineering profession produces effective and efficient engineering graduates. Thus, it is a guarantee of effective technical manpower development for the sake of the nation. This is the conceptual basis for this study as it assesses the relevance of workplace and industrial work experience of engineering students to their professional skills training and competence development in engineering disciplines in Nigeria universities. The survey instrument designed for data collection from the participants in the study was an open and closed-ended format questionnaire. It comprises placement category, job experience category, relatedness of placement to the chosen career, relatedness of knowledge/skills in the deployed station in places of attachment and additional gained experience through hands-on incidents during industrial training period. The questionnaire was hand delivered to the participants. Data analysis has been carried out using SPSS version 16.0. Pearson Moment Correlation Coefficient at 95% confidence intervals were computed to determine the extent of association between the relevance of the knowledge/skills obtained during students’ industrial training and the establishments where they were employed for their SIWES to their course of study. P value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. The findings has shown that there was positive correlation (‘r’ value of 0.375) between the experiences gained in the establishments where students were attached for their industrial training as well as the knowledge and skills acquired in the places of their industrial training. This implies that skills and competence development in engineering career fundamentally enhances students’ training in engineering field through hands-on experience involved in industrial training.

Open access
Comparative Pedagogical Studies on Models of Education Systems Management in the EU and Ukraine

Abstract

The article highlights the peculiarities of models of education systems management in the EU and Ukraine. It has been proved that effectiveness of the education process is determined by managerial culture, which characterizes a manager’s professional image. Special attention has been paid to finding the right balance between centralization and decentralization, national goals and regional or local interests. It has been emphasized that this balance should take into account the features of each country, region. It has been found out that centralized education management systems in some countries and decentralized ones in others are preserved due to specifics of the national traditions. It has been revealed that these two models of management have tendencies for convergence. The relationship between the model of education management and a teacher’s pedagogical style has been investigated. It has been emphasized that a managerial component should be transformed into professional and personal qualities. It has been stated that education managers’ quality is considered to be a priority for the countries-participants of the Bologna process, including Ukraine, as it is taken into account as a leading condition for establishing trust, correlation, mobility, comparability and attractiveness. It has been noted that education managers’ training is associated with a complex of direct and remote psychological and pedagogical problems arising under the influence of scientific and technological transformations: a person’s employment, their intellectual development, biophysical state. It has been revealed that the management model development does not correspond to the level of the management object development in all EU countries. In this context, the fact should be taken into account that in the EU countries there are processes of transformation of national thinking in continental one, which somehow diminishes the traditional cult of the nation.

Open access
Latino Undergraduate Perspectives on Traditional and Collaborative Culminating Presentations

Abstract

The importance of the research related to the existence of collaborative learning in higher education for Latinos, specifically pre-service teachers, has been substantiated. It has been defined that while teacher retention rates for Latinos are lower than for whites, using teamwork in the classroom might make Latinos teaching more rewarding. Most participants in the present study preferred collaborative learning as teachers. Using cognitive- and social-constructivist frameworks, the authors provide trends expressed by 371 undergraduate pre-service teachers about traditional tests and cooperative culminating experiences. Since archival data from regular collaborative pedagogies over a 10-year period have been used, the authors did not include identifying information. However, about 96 % of undergraduates are first-generation Latino/college students. Students’ responses to end-of-course surveys have been analyzed. The two major qualitative themes emerging from grounded theory analysis were social interaction and the cognitive domain. Quantitatively, most preferred group presentations over traditional exams. Statistically significant correlations between Variables 1 (perceived retention of material) and 2 (preferred culminating experience as future teachers), Variables 1 (perceived retention of material) and 3 (culminating experience for an easy A), and Variables 2 (preferred culminating experience as future teachers) and 3 (culminating experience for an easy A) have been found. Implications relate to designing more collaborative activities for nondominant college students. As the result of the conducted research it has been determined that collaborative learning needs to be well planned, students need to be prepared to work in groups, and teachers’ expectations need to be stated explicitly if the benefits attributed to collaborative learning are to be realized.

Open access
Tutoring as a method of creative development of a gifted child

Abstract

The study includes the possibility of extending tutoring over gifted children at a younger school age. Ability is defined as a complex of innate predispositions and abilities that in favorable conditions enable the student to achieve significant successes in a certain type of activity. In this sense, the creation of educators fosters the gifting of life and educational space. The authors present an aesthetic approach to realizing the specific educational needs of a talented child who has been developing dynamically in Ukraine in recent decades. Ability is treated as a phenomenon of achieving a special level of development of mental and emotional processes, manifesting itself especially in the child’s movement, sensory, perceptual responses to the surrounding world.

Tutor in the work with gifted children should be a coordinator of development of his abilities, moderator of creative situations. It must also give the child an individual development trajectory. Tutor’s task is to lead a talented child into a „field of creative achievements”, where he will have the opportunity to perceive the ideal cultural patterns of relation to the world and to carry out his own creative attempts based on personal impressions and fascinations.

An algorithm for individual tutoring has been proposed, which aims to provide a child capable aesthetic and educational environment based on creative correlation with nature. Examples of how the tutor organized the linguistic creativity of a talented child during the minutes of admiring nature.

Open access
Challenges of Foreign Language Teaching and Sustainable Development Competence Implementation in Higher Education

Abstract

The article aims to emphasize the role of foreign language teaching in fostering sustainable development competence in higher education. Foreign language classes enable students to analyze actual topics about sustainable development, to discuss problems, to share personal emotions and experiences. English as a foreign language curriculum aims to build students’ basic language communicative skills with the focus on sustainability, communication for the enhancement of sustainable development competence. The present paper aims to analyze the correlation of sustainable development competence between English as a foreign language studies in the system of higher education. The article overviews the importance of the sustainable development competence development on the theoretical level as well as introduces the practices of the importance of sustainable development competence elements in foreign language classes on the empirical level. The research was planned and performed in 5 universities of Lithuania, in which the respondents studying English (average age of participants was 22 years old) expressed their opinions on the sustainable development topics and usefulness of sustainable development competence. The results of the research demonstrate that students are more engaged in topics and materials on sustainable development and it is challenging for pedagogues to constantly update their materials, to apply innovative English as a foreign language teaching strategies related to sustainable development in foreign language classroom. Therefore, the research findings with the embedded elements for sustainable development competence development encourage educators to search for innovative ways of English as a foreign language teaching in higher education.

Open access