1992 ; Duda 1994 ; Duda and Whitehead 1998 ; Papaioannou et al. 2012 ), and provided rich knowledge about the correlations and consequences of achievement goal preferences. In general, goal preferences regulate and direct an individual’s behaviour, affect and learning in relation to achievement situations.
In terms of the terminology and the different lines of research, achievement goal preferences are often studied situationally or specifically defined or induced contextually. Consequently, such preferences, through repeated exposure to achievement situations
previous research found in organizational contexts, our research aimed to examine the relationships between an individual’s personality variables and political skill, as well as determine how these two sets of conditions are associated with perceived team performance in a military context. Based on previous research, the following predictions were tested:
Hypothesis 1: There will be positive, statistically significant correlations between the Big Five personality model dimensions Extraversion, Conscientiousness and Agreeableness on the one hand and organizational
Ricardo G. Lugo, Stefan Sütterlin, Benjamin J. Knox, Øyvind Jøsok, Kirsi Helkala and Natalie Marie Lande
(PROCESS) was adopted from Hayes (2013) and follows the guidelines established by Baron and Kenny (1986) . Pearson’s bivariate correlations were calculated, and all variables were entered in the calculation. For the regression analysis, the DMS score was entered as the dependent variable, and the cardiac perception and SSE scores were used as independent variables. Significance level was set to 0.05 (one-tailed for the directed hypotheses). To test for moderation effects of cardioceptive accuracy (CaC) on the relationship between self-efficacy and the DMS, a
Helga Myrseth, Olav Kjellevold Olsen, Einar Kristian Borud and Leif Åge Strand
= rarely, 3 = sometimes, 4 = often, and 5 = very often). The scale has shown good convergent validity (as indicated by strong correlations with weekly time spent gaming) and good criterion validity (as indicated by correlations with increased loneliness, greater aggression, lower life satisfaction, and lower social competence) ( Lemmens et al. 2009 ). Cronbach’s alpha for the GAS in the current study was 0.78.
Different approaches for classifying problem gaming and gaming addiction have been suggested. The most conservative approach has been to require that all seven
Bong, M 2001, "Between- and within-domain relations of academic motivation among middle and high school students: Self-efficacy, task-value, and achievement goals", Journal of Educational Psychology, vol. 93, pp. 23-34.
Brown, R 2000, Group Processes, 2nd edn, Blackwell Publishers, Oxford, UK.
Cohen, J, Cohen, P, West, SG & Aiken, LS 2003, Applied multiple regression/correlation analysis for the behavioral sciences, 3rd edn, Erlbaum, London, UK.
Deci, EL, Connell, JP & Ryan, RM 1989, "Self-Determination in a Work
Helga Myrseth, Sigurd William Hystad, Reidar Säfvenbom and Olav Kjellevold Olsen
also considered to be important in a military context. One type of adaptive perfectionism has been labeled as self-oriented perfectionism, which is defined as unrealistic high standards and perfectionistic motivation for the self ( Hewitt and Flett 1991 ). Self-oriented perfectionism has shown a strong correlation with personality traits such as achievement striving, dutifulness, and self-discipline ( Hill et al. 1997 ). These factors are also considered to be important in military training. Adaptive perfectionism has further been identified as a likely antecedent of