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The Vaccine and Its Simulacra: Agnotology, Ontology and Biopolitics in France, 1800–1865

brushed aside by the Academy of Medecine and by the statistician Louis-Adolphe Bertillon Louis-Adolphe Bertillon, Conclusions statistiques contre les détracteurs de la vaccine, précédées ďun essai sur la méthode statistique appliquée à ľétude de ľhomme, Paris 1857. ) was almost exclusively statistical: they exhibited (weak) correlations between vaccination and the multiplication of certain pathologies (chiefly typhoid but also scrofula, tuberculosis, cachexia, scoliosis, etc.). These correlations, determined from incomplete or incoherent series, did not stand up to

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Feeling like a State. The Sentiments Tide of Swiss Diplomacy through the Eye of the Algorithm

verify such statements against a broad empirical foundation, for instance by following the evolution of the language of a given ambassador or by examining correlations between professional promotions or transfer of diplomats in function with statistically measurable linguistic features of his or her reports. Scope and limitations Our algorithmic analysis of the Swiss political reports is of course subject to a series of material contingencies. The original documents of the E2300* fond are printed on paper of diverse qualities and formats, which required scanning

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Decency and Respect. New Perspectives on Emotional Bonds between State and Citizens

correlations of social structures, status and power. The language they used and the authorities’ response depended on the specific political situation, on political debates and their semantics in the media and on generally accepted expectations in the state and administration. In the postwar years, defamatory speech acts by citizens usually compared the Austrian State to the Nazi past or to a fascist or communist regime. In the last years of the First Republic, rising political tensions provoked by fiscal demands to contain the effects of the economic crisis resulted in a

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Space and Administrative Boundaries at the Birth of the Italian Kingdom

relationships among the various provinces due to their proximity , similarities in physical make - up , similar economic complexity , or common civil traditions could be coordinated. We were therefore induced to group provinces together primarily on the basis of their topographical cohesion , which inevitably determines economic correlation and correspondence , and secondly on that of the moral and civil traditions of the various parts of Italy. These groups, which we will call ›Compartments‹ , may perhaps evoke the image either of the former States into which our

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