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Supporting Ecological Innovation as a Factor for Economic Development

Abstract

The paper deals with the evaluation of the ecological innovation as a factor for economic development through the correlation and regression analysis. The paper.analysis the.total ecological.innovation index of Slovakia within the.European Union and in relationship to growth GDP of Slovakia. Correlation and. regression analysis. examines the interdependence between.total ecological innovation index and economic growth. GDP is one of the key elements of effective support for eco-innovation.

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The Unemployment of Highly Educated People in Romania. A Panel VAR Approach

Abstract

The insertion of graduates of higher education on the labor market is one of the problems faced by the Romanian labor market. Based on a VAR model in the panel, the number of unemployed with higher education in Romania is explained in correlation with variables related to the educational environment. As the number of graduates, the number of teaching staff and the number of faculties increase the unemployment rate among people with higher education also increases slightly, showing that they have not immediately integrated into the labor market. A shock (an innovation) in the series of unemployed numbers results in an increase in the number of unemployed and a long-term stabilization of the influence to positive values. A shock to the data series on the number of graduates, the number of faculties and teaching staff does not have an immediate effect on the number of unemployed with higher education.

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Infrastructure Indices: Comparative Analysis of Performance, Risk and Representation of Global Listed Proxies

Abstract

Faced with historically low interest rates, investors are looking further into illiquid assets such as infrastructure in search of alternative sources of income, better diversification and a long-term investment perspective. This paper analyzes the key performance and risk characteristics of the EDHECinfra global unlisted infrastructure equity index when compared to the main global listed infrastructure indices during the 2001-2018 period. The descriptive statistics method is applied to determine the representation of the benchmarks commonly used by investors considering infrastructure investments. For the purpose of the market beta analysis, the MSCI World index is also used as a global equities proxy in a linear regression model.

Listed infrastructure is often considered as an income-yielding and defensive equity strategy that provides a liquid proxy for alternative assets (e.g., infrastructure). However, the paper results indicate that the net effect of investing in listed infrastructure remains questionable, even unknown. Recent empirical findings demonstrate divergent stands on benchmarking infrastructure. The high correlation of the main listed infrastructure indices with the broad equity index MSCI World and the inconsistency of research results thus far suggest that infrastructure is an ill-defined investment category within the listed infrastructure space with lacking reliable and useful benchmarking. The commonly used and far-reaching classification of companies with broad industrial nature and business activities that are less relevant to infrastructure may affect the overall representation of the legitimate characteristics of the infrastructure asset class amid the growing enthusiasm among investors.

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Survey vs Scraped Data: Comparing Time Series Properties of Web and Survey Vacancy Data

autocorrelation, cross-correlation patterns, and their synchronization by means of cross-spectral analyses. With respect to the total number of vacancies in the economy, we find that the web and the CBS vacancy data present similar time series properties. Our results suggest that, in both cases, the time series for vacancy data could have been generated by the same underlying phenomenon: the real number of new vacancies appearing in the Dutch labor market every quarter. We arrive at this conclusion studying both, original and transformed (first difference), time series. This

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Reallocation and the Role of Firm Composition Effects on Aggregate Wage Dynamics

et al., 2016 , for the US and Calligaris et al., 2018 , and Linarello and Petrella, 2017 , for Italy), we are the first to quantify the role of this reallocation for aggregate wages. Through the OP decomposition, we decompose aggregate wages into the simple unweighted average of the wage across firms ( within component) and a correlation term between wage and employment across firms (the OP component). The first term captures changes in aggregate wages that are due to changes in firms’ average wages common to all firms – due to inflation, aggregate shocks

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Effects of Energy Use on Socioeconomic Predictors in Africa: Synthesizing Evidence

(December 2017), 1282– 1294. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.01.006 37. Neagu, O., Dumiter, F., Braica, A., Jimon, Ș., David, G., (2019), The Correlation Between Human Capital and Gross Added Value in the Bioeconomy Sectors at the European Union (EU) Country Level, Studia Universitatis „Vasile Goldis” Arad, Economics Series, 29(1), 1–20. https://doi.org/10.2478/sues-2019-0001 38. Niu, T., Yao, X., Shao, S., Li, D., Wang, W., (2018), Environmental tax shocks and carbon emissions: An estimated DSGE model, Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, 47, 9

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Unemployment Impact of Product and Labor Market Regulation: Evidence from European Countries

summarized in Table 1 . Table 1 Summary of empirical findings on the impact of PMR and EPL reforms on (un)employment Studies Data Dependent variable Definition: PMR and EPL Methodology Endogeneity tests Results Boerietal. (2000) 19 OECD countries, 1982-1995 Nonagricultural employment rate EPL: OECD indicator for permanent and temporary workers PMR: OECD economy-wide index Step 1: reduced-form model for EPL; step 2: country-specific effect; step 3: bivariate correlation between the unexplained country-specific effects and the PMR

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The Impact of Parental Leave Policy on Child-Rearing and Employment Behavior: The Case of Germany

operated childcare centers and registered childminders, remains the most important source of provision. Germany is clearly noted for a low level of childcare provision (17.8%) compared to the average (37%). One may think that informal childcare arrangements can offset the lack of formal institutes. Similar plotting does not reflect any correlation between informal care and maternal employment. Since the informal arrangements are an important factor, I discuss them in the following sections. Figure 3 Relationship between maternal employment and child enrollment in

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Labor Migration in Indonesia and the Health of Children Left Behind

, weight-for-age Z-scores; SD, standard deviation. Source : Author’s calculation based on Indonesia Family Life Survey microdata. Estimates from the health regressions are presented in Table 3 . As shown in column 1, having a mother who migrated for work is associated with a half standard deviation decrease in HAZ, statistically significant at 5%. However, migration of the father does not exhibit this negative correlation with child health; if anything, children with migrant fathers have better HAZ, although the relationship is statistically insignificant

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Migration, Cultural Identity and Diasporas An Identity Economics Approach

Kirley, 2016). However, in an empirical study of 46 countries, only between-group inequality had a large, as well as significantly negative correlation with the provision of public goods, whereas ethnolinguistic and culture fractionalization had not ( Baldwin and Huber, 2010 ). Finally, Gächter and Herrmann (2009) review and demonstrate experimental cross-cultural differences in positive and negative reciprocity that are highly relevant for cooperation. Concerning the effects of culture on growth and economic prosperity (see Kapás, 2017 , for a recent literature

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